Re: Safe disk replace

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On Wed, Sep 5, 2012 at 3:35 PM, John Drescher <drescherjm@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wed, Sep 5, 2012 at 10:25 AM, John Drescher <drescherjm@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>> I'm currently upgrading my RAID-6 arrays via hot-replacement. The
>>> process I followed (to replace device YYY in array mdXX) is:
>>>     - add the new disk to the array as a spare
>>>     - echo want_replacement > /sys/block/mdXX/md/dev-YYY/state
>>>
>>> That kicks off the recovery (a straight disk-to-disk copy from YYY to
>>> the new disk). After the rebuild is complete, YYY gets failed in the
>>> array, so can be safely removed:
>>>     - mdadm -r /dev/mdXX /dev/mdYYY
>>>
>>
>> Thanks for the info. I wanted this feature for years at work..
>>
>> I am testing this now on my test box. Here I have 13 x 250GB SATA 1
>> drives. Yes these are 8+ years old..
>>
>> md1 : active raid6 sda2[13](R) sdk2[17] sdj2[18] sdf2[16] sdm2[19]
>> sdl2[14] sdi2[12] sdg2[15] sde2[5] sdd2[4] sdh2[21] sdb2[20] sdc2[1]
>>       2431477760 blocks super 1.2 level 6, 512k chunk, algorithm 2
>> [12/12] [UUUUUUUUUUUU]
>>       [>....................]  recovery =  3.4% (8401408/243147776)
>> finish=75.9min speed=51540K/sec
>>
>>
>> Speeds are faster than failing a drive but I would do this more for
>> the lower chance of failure more than the improved performance:
>>
>> md1 : active raid6 sdk2[17] sdj2[18] sdf2[16] sdm2[19] sdl2[14]
>> sdi2[12] sdg2[15] sde2[5] sdd2[4] sdh2[21] sdb2[20] sdc2[1]
>>       2431477760 blocks super 1.2 level 6, 512k chunk, algorithm 2
>> [12/11] [_UUUUUUUUUUU]
>>       [>....................]  recovery =  1.2% (3134952/243147776)
>> finish=100.1min speed=39954K/sec
>>
>
> I found something interesting. I issued want_replacement without spares.
>
> localhost md # echo want_replacement > dev-sdd2/state
> localhost md # cat /proc/mdstat
> Personalities : [raid1] [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid0]
> [linear] [multipath]
> md0 : active raid1 sda1[10](S) sdj1[0] sdk1[2] sdf1[11](S) sdb1[12](S)
> sdg1[9] sdh1[8] sdl1[7] sdm1[6] sde1[5] sdd1[4] sdi1[3] sdc1[1]
>       1048512 blocks [10/10] [UUUUUUUUUU]
>
> md1 : active raid6 sdb2[20] sdk2[17] sda2[13] sdj2[18] sdf2[16]
> sdm2[19] sdl2[14] sdi2[12] sdg2[15] sde2[5] sdd2[4] sdh2[21]
> sdc2[1](F)
>       2431477760 blocks super 1.2 level 6, 512k chunk, algorithm 2
> [12/11] [UUUUUUUUUUUU]
>
> Then I added the failed disk from a previous round as a spare.
>
> localhost md # mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --remove /dev/sdc2
> mdadm: hot removed /dev/sdc2 from /dev/md1
> localhost md # mdadm --zero-superblock /dev/sdc2
> localhost md # mdadm --manage /dev/md1 --add /dev/sdc2
> mdadm: added /dev/sdc2
>
> localhost md # cat /proc/mdstat
> Personalities : [raid1] [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [raid0]
> [linear] [multipath]
> md0 : active raid1 sda1[10](S) sdj1[0] sdk1[2] sdf1[11](S) sdb1[12](S)
> sdg1[9] sdh1[8] sdl1[7] sdm1[6] sde1[5] sdd1[4] sdi1[3] sdc1[1]
>       1048512 blocks [10/10] [UUUUUUUUUU]
>
> md1 : active raid6 sdc2[22](R) sdb2[20] sdk2[17] sda2[13] sdj2[18]
> sdf2[16] sdm2[19] sdl2[14] sdi2[12] sdg2[15] sde2[5] sdd2[4] sdh2[21]
>       2431477760 blocks super 1.2 level 6, 512k chunk, algorithm 2
> [12/11] [UUUUUUUUUUUU]
>       [>....................]  recovery =  0.6% (1592256/243147776)
> finish=119.2min speed=33746K/sec
>
>
> Now its taking much longer and it says 12/11 instead of 12/12.
>
I am not sure why it is taking longer this time, however from the
drive activity lights on the lsi sas cards it appears that only 2
drives are active in the copy so the raid appears to be doing the
correct thing except for the minor difference in the 12/11 versus
12/12.

John
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