On 06/06/2012 01:07 AM, Ben Carbery wrote:
The new server has a great deal more memory which I am hoping will help (shared_buffers = 8GB, total RAM 20GB), but I am looking at what might be optimal for the storage configuration. From looking at previous conversations here I am thinking of something like this..
Latency on ext3 is better on RHEL6 than earlier versions, but it's still hard to get to keep it low with that filesystem. You should consider ext4 or xfs instead if you're already running into slow periods limited by disk I/O.
Large values of shared_buffers can also make write latency spikes worse, particularly when the underlying storage isn't very capable--which is likely to be the case in a VM environment. Most of the performance gain is from going from the tiny default (<=32MB) for shared_buffers to a moderate size. You'll probably get most of the performance gain setting that to around 1GB instead, and the worst case performance might improve.
If you already are seeing problems on your existing server, there are two things you could do to monitor what's going on:
-Turn on log_checkpoints on the server. If you see high numbers for the "sync=" section, that normally narrows your problem very specifically to the database's background checkpoints.
-Watch /proc/meminfo , specificially the "Dirty:" number. If that number gets very high during the same periods the slowdowns happen at, it might be possible to make things better by decreasing the amount of caching Linux does. There's some intro material on that subject at http://notemagnet.blogspot.com/2008/08/linux-write-cache-mystery.html and http://blog.2ndquadrant.com/tuning_linux_for_low_postgresq/ (note that some of the links in that second one, to the test pgbench results, are broken; http://www.highperfpostgres.com/pgbench-results/index.htm is the right URL now)
-- Greg Smith 2ndQuadrant US greg@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Baltimore, MD PostgreSQL Training, Services, and 24x7 Support www.2ndQuadrant.com
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