fork() and exec()

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]



Hi List,

I am learning Linux and trying to understand exec and fork function.
execl says that it overlays the running address space. What does it mean?

I created the following program and used top command with
intentionally wrong arguments:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<unistd.h>
#include<sys/types.h>
#include<stdlib.h>

int main(){
	int a = -1;
	if(fork()==0){
		printf("Inside child\n");
		printf("child pid=%d, parentid=%d\n", getpid(), getppid());
		execl("/usr/bin/top", "/usr/bin/top", ">/dev/null" ,(char*)0 );
		scanf("inside child provide a %d", &a);
		printf("Inside child a=%d\n", a);
		exit(1);
	} else {
		printf("Inside parent, going to wait\n");
		printf("my pid=%d, parentid=%d\n", getpid(), getppid());
		scanf("input parent %d\n", &a);
		wait(NULL);
		printf("Wait over\n");
		printf("Inside parent a=%d\n", a);
	}
	return 0;
}

When i run this program, it gives following output:
[vijay@localhost]$ ./a.out
Inside parent, going to wait
Inside child
child pid=2775, parentid=2774
my pid=2774, parentid=2681
        top: unknown argument '>'
usage:  top -hv | -bcisSHM -d delay -n iterations [-u user | -U user]
-p pid [,pid ...]

10
Wait over
Inside parent a=-1
[vijay@localhost]$

Why the child scanf and printf not executed?
In the parent program, i expected input parent should be printed. But
it doesnt and just wait for some input. When i entered 10 it resumes
but printing -1 as a value.

Could anyone please help me to understand this behavior? or any good
tutorial or book

Thanks.
Vijay

_______________________________________________
Kernelnewbies mailing list
Kernelnewbies@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
http://lists.kernelnewbies.org/mailman/listinfo/kernelnewbies


[Newbies FAQ]     [Linux Kernel Mentors]     [Linux Kernel Development]     [IETF Annouce]     [Git]     [Networking]     [Security]     [Bugtraq]     [Photo]     [Yosemite]     [MIPS Linux]     [ARM Linux]     [Linux Security]     [Linux Networking]     [Linux RAID]     [Linux SCSI]     [Linux ACPI]

Add to Google Powered by Linux