Re: load-balancing router: trouble with breaking connections
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Hi,you need to restore marks to packets from the local machine too.. or its sessions will be messed up.
first line in mangle output should be iptables -t mangle -A OUTPUT -j CONNMARK --restore-mark;I believe conntrack replaces the route cache function entirely for session persistence.
cheers On 22/02/2012 2:07 PM, Lloyd Standish wrote:
On Sat, 18 Feb 2012 16:40:24 -0600, Lloyd Standish <lloyd@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:Is there a known problem with this sort of load-balancing when there is a private IP on the interface? I'm quite sure the problem is not in the NAT done by Provider 1, since when this same interface is used with my Linux router doing connmark-based load balancing, connections are not dropped. http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.rpdb.multiple-links.html explains this simple routing scheme clearly, and I think I have followed it carefully. Basically, for each interface I execute commands like these (IP numbers and interfaces are replaced by variables from my script, but it should be clear. CONNMARK<n> are simply chains to put a fwmark on a packet. This is used only for special cases on this router.):I finally found a solution to this issue, after weeks of frustration and unnecessary effort. (This problem forced me to code a connmark-based load-balancing router, which produced unacceptable session-breaking. I will comment on this below.) I am posting this reply to my own post for the benefit of others who will certainly run into this problem.I refer to http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.rpdb.multiple-links.html. According to my experience, that scheme, which does not use connmark to mark packets, DOES NOT work properly when at least one of the uplinks carries a private IP number. Under these circumstances, connmark-and-friends must be used to avoid having RELATED,ESTABLISHED packets sent out the wrong interface.Specifically, to fix this problem the following must be done in addition to what is described at http://lartc.org/howto/lartc.rpdb.multiple-links.html:PREROUTING1. For RELATED,ESTABLISHED packets entering from the LAN interface, do "--restore-mark" 2. For all packets coming in from an outward-facing interface that has no mark, mark according to the interfacePOSTROUTING3. For NEW connections leaving on an outward-facing interface, set the mark on the packet according to the outbound interface.4. For all packets leaving router on any interface, "--save-mark"In addition, rules must be added to send packets out through interfaces that have the corresponding mark, for example:ip rule add fwmark 1 table T1 ip rule add fwmark 2 table T2 etc.In sum, the strategy is to allow the route cache and the round-robin interface selection of "nexthop via" to choose the outgoing interface, and connmark is used to keep the packets belonging to a connection on the same connection.Note that if the route cache is ignored during the process of choosing an outbound connection, *sessions* will be constantly broken, resulting in a completely unacceptable Internet browsing experience for users.
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