Re: [iptables] Effect of negating multiple source or dest IPs (-s or -d)

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On Tue, 08 Nov 2011 22:59:37 +0100, U.Mutlu wrote:
Jozsef Kadlecsik wrote, On 2011-11-08 21:22:
On Tue, 8 Nov 2011, U.Mutlu wrote:

Jan Engelhardt wrote, On 2011-11-08 17:44:
On Tuesday 2011-11-08 17:19, U.Mutlu wrote:

sim@xxxxxxxxxxx wrote, On 2011-11-08 17:16:
What's the effect of this rule on a multihomed box
(the IPs below are just some examples, not real):

     iptables -A INPUT ! -d, -p all -j DROP

the newest version of iptables says:

iptables v1.4.12.1: ! not allowed with multiple source or destination IP

Oh, one wonders why they did so...

Because it leads to a confusing result.

	! -d a,b,c

could be reasonably interpreted as

	! -d a&&   ! -d b&&   ! -d c

but because using "," in -s/-d means a simple rule expansion, it
actually generates an equivalent of

	! -d a || ! -d b || ! -d c

But OR'ing them IMHO doesn't make much sense, just think about it.
I would suggest to AND them.
Look, a normal rule like this one
iptables -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
matches only if every single part of it matches (ie. AND).
Then in our negation case above it should behave similar,
and not switch to OR.

The matches are AND-ed. However the individual matches may generate OR
conditions, like multiport.

What you suggest means that while

	-d a,b

is interpreted as "a" OR "b", then

	! -d a,b

should be interpeted as NOT "a" AND NOT "b".

I think that'd be pretty confusing.

As opposed to interpreting both as "any of this set":

 (a OR b)
  NOT (a OR b)

Which can be stated in the docs.

Confusion and clarity is just a matter of having the right description. A technical reason should be the only blocker here.

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