Re: [v9 PATCH 2/3] NETFILTER module xt_hmark, new target for HASH based fwmark

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Hi Hans,

I'm going to mix comestical request with possible issues that I find
in this patch, please see below.

On Thu, Feb 16, 2012 at 11:21:11AM +0100, Hans Schillstrom wrote:
> diff --git a/include/linux/netfilter/xt_hmark.h b/include/linux/netfilter/xt_hmark.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..5ccaca1
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/netfilter/xt_hmark.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
> +#ifndef XT_HMARK_H_
> +#define XT_HMARK_H_
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +enum {
> +	XT_HMARK_SADR_AND,
> +	XT_HMARK_DADR_AND,
> +	XT_HMARK_SPI_AND,
> +	XT_HMARK_SPI_OR,
> +	XT_HMARK_SPORT_AND,
> +	XT_HMARK_DPORT_AND,
> +	XT_HMARK_SPORT_OR,
> +	XT_HMARK_DPORT_OR,
> +	XT_HMARK_PROTO_AND,
> +	XT_HMARK_RND,
> +	XT_HMARK_MODULUS,
> +	XT_HMARK_OFFSET,
> +	XT_HMARK_CT_ODST,
> +	XT_HMARK_CT_OSRC,
> +	XT_HMARK_METHOD_L3,
> +	XT_HMARK_METHOD_L3_4,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_SADR_AND    = 1 << XT_HMARK_SADR_AND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_DADR_AND    = 1 << XT_HMARK_DADR_AND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_SPI_AND     = 1 << XT_HMARK_SPI_AND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_SPI_OR      = 1 << XT_HMARK_SPI_OR,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_SPORT_AND   = 1 << XT_HMARK_SPORT_AND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_DPORT_AND   = 1 << XT_HMARK_DPORT_AND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_SPORT_OR    = 1 << XT_HMARK_SPORT_OR,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_DPORT_OR    = 1 << XT_HMARK_DPORT_OR,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_PROTO_AND   = 1 << XT_HMARK_PROTO_AND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_RND         = 1 << XT_HMARK_RND,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_MODULUS     = 1 << XT_HMARK_MODULUS,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_OFFSET      = 1 << XT_HMARK_OFFSET,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_CT_ODST     = 1 << XT_HMARK_CT_ODST,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_CT_OSRC     = 1 << XT_HMARK_CT_OSRC,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_METHOD_L3   = 1 << XT_HMARK_METHOD_L3,
> +	XT_F_HMARK_METHOD_L3_4 = 1 << XT_HMARK_METHOD_L3_4,
> +};
> +
> +union hmark_ports {
> +	struct {
> +		__u16	src;
> +		__u16	dst;
> +	} p16;
> +	__u32	v32;
> +};
> +
> +struct xt_hmark_info {
> +	union nf_inet_addr	smask;		/* Source address mask */

would you mind to use more readable field names, eg. src_mask
instead? Same thing for other fields.

> +	union nf_inet_addr	dmask;		/* Dest address mask */
> +	union hmark_ports	pmask;
> +	union hmark_ports	pset;
> +	__u32			spimask;
> +	__u32			spiset;
> +	__u32			flags;		/* Print out only */
> +	__u16			prmask;		/* L4 Proto mask */
> +	__u32			hashrnd;
> +	__u32			hmod;		/* Modulus */
> +	__u32			hoffs;		/* Offset */
> +};
> +
> +#endif /* XT_HMARK_H_ */
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/Kconfig b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
> index f8ac4ef..dfe84e1 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/Kconfig
> +++ b/net/netfilter/Kconfig
> @@ -488,6 +488,23 @@ config NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_HL
>  	since you can easily create immortal packets that loop
>  	forever on the network.
>  
> +config NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_HMARK
> +	tristate '"HMARK" target support'
> +	depends on NETFILTER_ADVANCED
> +	---help---
> +	This option adds the "HMARK" target.
> +
> +	The target allows you to create rules in the "raw" and "mangle" tables
> +	which alter the netfilter mark (nfmark) field within a given range.
> +	First a 32 bit hash value is generated then modulus by <limit> and
> +	finally an offset is added before it's written to nfmark.
> +
> +	Prior to routing, the nfmark can influence the routing method (see
> +	"Use netfilter MARK value as routing key") and can also be used by
> +	other subsystems to change their behavior.
> +
> +	The mark match can also be used to match nfmark produced by this module.
> +
>  config NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_IDLETIMER
>  	tristate  "IDLETIMER target support"
>  	depends on NETFILTER_ADVANCED
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/Makefile b/net/netfilter/Makefile
> index 40f4c3d..21bc5e8 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/Makefile
> +++ b/net/netfilter/Makefile
> @@ -57,6 +57,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_CONNSECMARK) += xt_CONNSECMARK.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_CT) += xt_CT.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_DSCP) += xt_DSCP.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_HL) += xt_HL.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_HMARK) += xt_hmark.o

Netfilter's naming policy requires that targets are in upper case.

>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_LED) += xt_LED.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_NFLOG) += xt_NFLOG.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_NETFILTER_XT_TARGET_NFQUEUE) += xt_NFQUEUE.o
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_hmark.c b/net/netfilter/xt_hmark.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..9bc3cf5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/net/netfilter/xt_hmark.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,322 @@
> +/*
> + * xt_hmark - Netfilter module to set mark as hash value
> + *
> + * (C) 2012 Hans Schillstrom <hans.schillstrom@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
> + *
> + *Description:
> + *	This module calculates a hash value that can be modified by modulus
> + *	and an offset, i.e. it is possible to produce a skb->mark within a range
> + *	The hash value is based on a direction independent five tuple:
> + *	src & dst addr src & dst ports and protocol.
> + *	There is two distinct modes for hash calculation:
> + *
> + *	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + *	it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + *	published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/skbuff.h>
> +#include <net/ip.h>
> +#include <linux/icmp.h>
> +
> +#include <linux/netfilter/xt_hmark.h>
> +#include <linux/netfilter/x_tables.h>
> +#include <net/netfilter/nf_conntrack.h>
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP6_NF_IPTABLES)
> +#include <net/ipv6.h>
> +#include <linux/netfilter_ipv6/ip6_tables.h>
> +#endif
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Hans Schillstrom <hans.schillstrom@xxxxxxxxxxxx>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xtables: Packet range mark operations by Hash value");
> +MODULE_ALIAS("ipt_HMARK");
> +MODULE_ALIAS("ip6t_HMARK");
> +
> +/*
> + * ICMP, get header offset if icmp error
> + */
> +static int get_inner_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int iphsz, int nhoff)
> +{
> +	const struct icmphdr *icmph;
> +	struct icmphdr _ih;
> +
> +	/* Not enough header? */
> +	icmph = skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff + iphsz, sizeof(_ih), &_ih);
> +	if (icmph == NULL)
> +		return nhoff;

I think this has to return -1 in this case.

> +
> +	if (icmph->type > NR_ICMP_TYPES)
> +		return nhoff;

Same thing.

> +
> +	/* Error message? */
> +	if (icmph->type != ICMP_DEST_UNREACH &&
> +	    icmph->type != ICMP_SOURCE_QUENCH &&
> +	    icmph->type != ICMP_TIME_EXCEEDED &&
> +	    icmph->type != ICMP_PARAMETERPROB &&
> +	    icmph->type != ICMP_REDIRECT)
> +		return nhoff;
> +
> +	return nhoff + iphsz + sizeof(_ih);
> +}
> +
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP6_NF_IPTABLES)
> +/*
> + * Get ipv6 header offset if icmp error
> + */
> +static int get_inner6_hdr(struct sk_buff *skb, int *offset)

I'd suggest to return the offset like in get_inner_hdr, not need for
one extra parameter then.

> +{
> +	struct icmp6hdr *icmp6h, _ih6;
> +
> +	icmp6h = skb_header_pointer(skb, *offset, sizeof(_ih6), &_ih6);
> +	if (icmp6h == NULL)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (icmp6h->icmp6_type && icmp6h->icmp6_type < 128) {
> +		*offset +=  sizeof(struct icmp6hdr);
                          ^^
extra space there.

> +		return 1;
> +	}
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +/*
> + * Calculate hash based fw-mark, on the five tuple if possible.
> + * special cases :
> + *  - Fragments do not use ports not even on the first fragment,
> + *    nf_defrag_ipv6.ko don't defrag for us like it do in ipv4.
> + *    This might be changed in the future.
> + *  - On ICMP errors the inner header will be used.
> + *  - Tunnels no ports
> + *  - ESP & AH uses SPI
> + * @returns XT_CONTINUE
> + */
> +static unsigned int
> +hmark_v6(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par)
> +{
> +	struct xt_hmark_info *info = (struct xt_hmark_info *)par->targinfo;
> +	struct ipv6hdr *ip6, _ip6;
> +	int poff, flag = IP6T_FH_F_AUTH; /* Ports offset, find_hdr flags */
> +	u32 addr1, addr2, hash, nhoffs = 0;
> +	u8 nexthdr;
> +	union hmark_ports uports = { .v32 = 0 };

I think that this can be: union hmark_ports uports = {};

> +	unsigned short fragoff = 0;
> +
> +	ip6 = (struct ipv6hdr *) (skb->data + skb_network_offset(skb));
> +
> +	nexthdr = ipv6_find_hdr(skb, &nhoffs, -1, &fragoff, &flag);
> +	if (nexthdr < 0)
> +		return XT_CONTINUE;
> +	/* No need to check for icmp errors on fragments */
> +	if ((flag & IP6T_FH_F_FRAG) || (nexthdr != IPPROTO_ICMPV6))
> +		goto noicmp;
> +	/* if an icmp error, use the inner header */
> +	if (get_inner6_hdr(skb, &nhoffs)) {

I think you have to check that nexthdr == IPPROTO_ICMPV6 here,
otherwise non-icmp packets will be passed to get_inner6_hdr.

> +		ip6 = skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoffs, sizeof(_ip6), &_ip6);
> +		if (!ip6)
> +			return XT_CONTINUE;
> +		/* Treat AH as ESP */

This comments means: try to find auth headers if possible, right?

> +		flag = IP6T_FH_F_AUTH;
> +		nexthdr = ipv6_find_hdr(skb, &nhoffs, -1, &fragoff, &flag);
> +		if (nexthdr < 0)
> +			return XT_CONTINUE;
> +	}
> +noicmp:
> +	addr1 = (__force u32)
> +		(ip6->saddr.s6_addr32[0] & info->smask.in6.s6_addr32[0]) ^
> +		(ip6->saddr.s6_addr32[1] & info->smask.in6.s6_addr32[1]) ^
> +		(ip6->saddr.s6_addr32[2] & info->smask.in6.s6_addr32[2]) ^
> +		(ip6->saddr.s6_addr32[3] & info->smask.in6.s6_addr32[3]);
> +	addr2 = (__force u32)
> +		(ip6->daddr.s6_addr32[0] & info->dmask.in6.s6_addr32[0]) ^
> +		(ip6->daddr.s6_addr32[1] & info->dmask.in6.s6_addr32[1]) ^
> +		(ip6->daddr.s6_addr32[2] & info->dmask.in6.s6_addr32[2]) ^
> +		(ip6->daddr.s6_addr32[3] & info->dmask.in6.s6_addr32[3]);
> +
> +	if ((info->flags & XT_F_HMARK_METHOD_L3) ||
> +	    (nexthdr == IPPROTO_ICMPV6))
> +		goto no6ports;
> +	/* Is next header valid for port or SPI calculation ? */
> +	poff = proto_ports_offset(nexthdr);
> +	if ((flag & IP6T_FH_F_FRAG) || poff < 0)
> +		return XT_CONTINUE;
> +
> +	nhoffs += poff;
> +	/* Since uports is modified, skb_header_pointer() can't be used */

Why not? You can pass &uports to skb_header_pointer, it takes a
generic pointer.

> +	if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, nhoffs + 4))
> +		return XT_CONTINUE;
> +	uports.v32 = * (__force u32 *) (skb->data + nhoffs);
> +
> +	if ((nexthdr == IPPROTO_ESP) || (nexthdr == IPPROTO_AH))
> +		uports.v32 = (uports.v32 & info->spimask) | info->spiset;
> +	else {
> +		uports.v32 = (uports.v32 & info->pmask.v32) | info->pset.v32;
> +		/* get a consistent hash (same value on both flow directions) */
> +		if (uports.p16.dst < uports.p16.src)
> +			swap(uports.p16.dst, uports.p16.src);
> +	}
> +
> +no6ports:
> +	nexthdr &= info->prmask;
> +	/* get a consistent hash (same value on both flow directions) */
> +	if (addr2 < addr1)
> +		swap(addr1, addr2);
> +
> +	hash = jhash_3words(addr1, addr2, uports.v32, info->hashrnd) ^ nexthdr;
> +	skb->mark = (hash % info->hmod) + info->hoffs;
> +	return XT_CONTINUE;
> +}
> +#endif
> +/*
> + * Calculate hash based fw-mark, on the five tuple if possible.
> + * special cases :
> + *  - Fragments do not use ports not even on the first fragment,
> + *    unless nf_defrag_xx.ko is used.
> + *  - On ICMP errors the inner header will be used.
> + *  - Tunnels no ports
> + *  - ESP & AH uses SPI
> + * @returns XT_CONTINUE
> + */
> +static unsigned int
> +hmark_v4(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct xt_action_param *par)
> +{
> +	struct xt_hmark_info *info = (struct xt_hmark_info *)par->targinfo;
> +	int nhoff, poff, frag = 0;
> +	struct iphdr *ip, _ip;
> +	u8 ip_proto;
> +	u32 addr1, addr2, hash;
> +	u16 snatport = 0, dnatport = 0;
> +	union hmark_ports uports;
> +	enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo;
> +	struct nf_conn *ct = nf_ct_get(skb, &ctinfo);

You spend cycles initializing this variable, but you may not use it.

For the conntrack case, you can make in the very beginning:

if (info->flags & XT_HMARK_CT) {
	struct nf_conn *ct = nf_ct_get(skb, &ctinfo);

        if (ct && !nf_ct_is_untracked(ct)) {
		struct nf_conntrack_tuple *otuple =
			&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple;
		struct nf_conntrack_tuple *rtuple =
			&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_REPLY].tuple;

		addr_src = (__force u32) otuple->src.u3.in.s_addr;
		port_src = otuple->src.u.all;
		addr_dst = (__force u32) rtuple->src.u3.in.s_addr;
		port_dst = rtuple->src.u.all;
	} else
                return XT_CONTINUE;
}

With SNAT/masquerade:
original: A -> B
reply: B -> FW

With DNAT:
original: A -> FW
reply: B -> A

So real addresses are always source for the original tuple and source
for the reply tuple.

I think it's better just to tell HMARK to use CT, no need to specify
what part of it, it's simple and the user will not get confused
selecting wrong configurations.

Note that if you didn't not select to use conntrack, we default on the
packet-based version for HMARK which makes all the fragmentation
handling and so on.

Again, I'm proposing you to use addr_src and addr_dst instead of addr1
and addr2 for readability.

And remove the extra white extra line here below.

> +
> +
> +	nhoff = skb_network_offset(skb);
> +	uports.v32 = 0;

Better initialize this in the variable definition.

> +
> +	ip = (struct iphdr *) (skb->data + nhoff);
> +	if (ip->protocol == IPPROTO_ICMP) {
> +		/* calc hash on inner header if an icmp error */
> +		nhoff = get_inner_hdr(skb, ip->ihl * 4, nhoff);

This may return 

> +		ip = skb_header_pointer(skb, nhoff, sizeof(_ip), &_ip);
> +		if (!ip)
> +			return XT_CONTINUE;
> +	}
> +
> +	ip_proto = ip->protocol;
> +	if (ip->frag_off & htons(IP_MF | IP_OFFSET))
> +		frag = 1;
> +
> +	addr1 = (__force u32) ip->saddr;
> +	addr2 = (__force u32) ip->daddr;
> +
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK)
> +	if (ct && !nf_ct_is_untracked(ct)) {
> +		struct nf_conntrack_tuple *otuple =
> +			&ct->tuplehash[IP_CT_DIR_ORIGINAL].tuple;
> +
> +		if (info->flags & XT_HMARK_CT_OSRC) {
> +			addr1 = (__force u32) otuple->dst.u3.in.s_addr;
> +			dnatport = otuple->dst.u.udp.port;
> +		}
> +		if ((ct->status & IPS_SRC_NAT) &&
                         ^^^^^^^^^^
This seems to have slipped through BTW.

> +			(info->flags & XT_HMARK_CT_ODST)) {
> +			addr2 = (__force u32) otuple->src.u3.in.s_addr;
> +			snatport = otuple->src.u.udp.port;
> +		}
> +	}
> +#endif
> +	addr1 &= info->smask.ip;
> +	addr2 &= info->dmask.ip;
> +
> +	if ((info->flags & XT_F_HMARK_METHOD_L3) || (ip_proto == IPPROTO_ICMP))
> +		goto noports;
> +	/* Check if ports can be used in hash calculation. */
> +	poff = proto_ports_offset(ip_proto);
> +	if (frag || poff < 0)
> +		return XT_CONTINUE;
> +
> +	nhoff += (ip->ihl * 4) + poff;
> +	if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, nhoff + 4))
> +		return XT_CONTINUE;
> +
> +	uports.v32 = * (__force u32 *) (skb->data + nhoff);
> +	if (ip_proto == IPPROTO_ESP || ip_proto == IPPROTO_AH)
> +		uports.v32 = (uports.v32 & info->spimask) | info->spiset;
> +	else {
> +		if (snatport)	/* Replace nat'ed port(s) */
> +			uports.p16.dst = snatport;
> +		if (dnatport)
> +			uports.p16.src = dnatport;
> +		uports.v32 = (uports.v32 & info->pmask.v32) |
> +				info->pset.v32;
> +		/* get a consistent hash (same value on both flow directions) */
> +		if (uports.p16.dst < uports.p16.src)
> +			swap(uports.p16.src, uports.p16.dst);
> +	}
> +
> +noports:
> +	ip_proto &= info->prmask;
> +	/* get a consistent hash (same value on both flow directions) */
> +	if (addr2 < addr1)
> +		swap(addr1, addr2);
> +
> +	hash = jhash_3words(addr1, addr2, uports.v32, info->hashrnd) ^ ip_proto;
> +	skb->mark = (hash % info->hmod) + info->hoffs;
> +	return XT_CONTINUE;
> +}
> +
> +static int hmark_check(const struct xt_tgchk_param *par)
> +{
> +	const struct xt_hmark_info *info = par->targinfo;
> +
> +	if (!info->hmod) {
> +		pr_info("HMARK: hmark-mod can't be zero\n");
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +	if (info->prmask && (info->flags & XT_F_HMARK_METHOD_L3)) {
> +		pr_info("HMARK: When method L3 proto mask must be zero\n");
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct xt_target hmark_tg_reg[] __read_mostly = {
> +	{
> +		.name           = "HMARK",
> +		.revision       = 0,
> +		.family         = NFPROTO_IPV4,
> +		.target         = hmark_v4,
> +		.targetsize     = sizeof(struct xt_hmark_info),
> +		.checkentry     = hmark_check,
> +		.me             = THIS_MODULE,
> +	},
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IP6_NF_IPTABLES)
> +	{
> +		.name           = "HMARK",
> +		.revision       = 0,
> +		.family         = NFPROTO_IPV6,
> +		.target         = hmark_v6,
> +		.targetsize     = sizeof(struct xt_hmark_info),
> +		.checkentry     = hmark_check,
> +		.me             = THIS_MODULE,
> +	},
> +#endif
> +};
> +
> +static int __init hmark_mt_init(void)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = xt_register_targets(hmark_tg_reg, ARRAY_SIZE(hmark_tg_reg));
> +	if (ret < 0)
> +		return ret;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit hmark_mt_exit(void)
> +{
> +	xt_unregister_targets(hmark_tg_reg, ARRAY_SIZE(hmark_tg_reg));
> +}
> +
> +module_init(hmark_mt_init);
> +module_exit(hmark_mt_exit);
> -- 
> 1.7.2.3
> 
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