Re: [PATCHv2] x86info: dump kvm cpuid's

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On Mon, 2012-04-30 at 17:38 +0300, Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> The following makes 'x86info -r' dump hypervisor leaf cpu ids
> (for kvm this is signature+features) when running in a vm.
> 
> On the guest we see the signature and the features:
> eax in: 0x40000000, eax = 00000000 ebx = 4b4d564b ecx = 564b4d56 edx = 0000004d
> eax in: 0x40000001, eax = 0100007b ebx = 00000000 ecx = 00000000 edx = 00000000
> 
> Hypervisor flag is checked to avoid output changes when not
> running on a VM.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@xxxxxxxxxx>
> 
> Changes from v1:
> 	Make work on non KVM hypervisors (only KVM was tested).
> 	Avi Kivity said kvm will in the future report
> 	max HV leaf in eax. For now it reports eax = 0
>         so add a work around for that.
> 
> ---
> 
> diff --git a/identify.c b/identify.c
> index 33f35de..a4a3763 100644
> --- a/identify.c
> +++ b/identify.c
> @@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
>  
>  void get_cpu_info_basics(struct cpudata *cpu)
>  {
> -	unsigned int maxi, maxei, vendor, address_bits;
> -	unsigned int eax;
> +	unsigned int maxi, maxei, maxhv, vendor, address_bits;
> +	unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx;
>  
>  	cpuid(cpu->number, 0, &maxi, &vendor, NULL, NULL);
>  	maxi &= 0xffff;		/* The high-order word is non-zero on some Cyrix CPUs */
> @@ -19,7 +19,7 @@ void get_cpu_info_basics(struct cpudata *cpu)
>  		return;
>  
>  	/* Everything that supports cpuid supports these. */
> -	cpuid(cpu->number, 1, &eax, NULL, NULL, NULL);
> +	cpuid(cpu->number, 1, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, NULL);

You probably want to check ebx, ecx, edx for the signatures of the
hypervisor's you are willing to support and which you know do something
sane with eax? Also it would be something worth reporting in its own
right?

BTW, according to arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_para.h unsurprisingly KVM has
a signature too 'KVMKVMKVM'.

>  	cpu->stepping = eax & 0xf;
>  	cpu->model = (eax >> 4) & 0xf;
>  	cpu->family = (eax >> 8) & 0xf;
> @@ -29,6 +29,19 @@ void get_cpu_info_basics(struct cpudata *cpu)
>  
>  	cpuid(cpu->number, 0xC0000000, &maxei, NULL, NULL, NULL);
>  	cpu->maxei2 = maxei;
> +	if (ecx & 0x80000000) {
> +		cpuid(cpu->number, 0x40000000, &maxhv, NULL, NULL, NULL);
> +		/*
> +		 * KVM up to linux 3.4 reports 0 as the max hypervisor leaf,
> +		 * where it really means 0x40000001.

This is something where I definitely think you want to check the
signature first.

Ian.

> +		 * Most (all?) hypervisors have at least one CPUID besides
> +		 * the vendor ID so assume that.
> +		 */
> +		cpu->maxhv = maxhv ? maxhv : 0x40000001;
> +	} else {
> +		/* Suppress hypervisor cpuid unless running on a hypervisor */
> +		cpu->maxhv = 0;
> +	}
>  
>  	cpuid(cpu->number, 0x80000008,&address_bits, NULL, NULL, NULL);
>  	cpu->phyaddr_bits = address_bits & 0xFF;
> diff --git a/x86info.c b/x86info.c
> index 22c4734..80cae36 100644
> --- a/x86info.c
> +++ b/x86info.c
> @@ -44,6 +44,10 @@ static void display_detailed_info(struct cpudata *cpu)
>  
>  		if (cpu->maxei2 >=0xC0000000)
>  			dump_raw_cpuid(cpu->number, 0xC0000000, cpu->maxei2);
> +
> +		if (cpu->maxhv >= 0x40000000)
> +			dump_raw_cpuid(cpu->number, 0x40000000, cpu->maxhv);
> +
>  	}
>  
>  	if (show_cacheinfo) {
> diff --git a/x86info.h b/x86info.h
> index 7d2a455..c4f5d81 100644
> --- a/x86info.h
> +++ b/x86info.h
> @@ -84,7 +84,7 @@ struct cpudata {
>  	unsigned int cachesize_trace;
>  	unsigned int phyaddr_bits;
>  	unsigned int viraddr_bits;
> -	unsigned int cpuid_level, maxei, maxei2;
> +	unsigned int cpuid_level, maxei, maxei2, maxhv;
>  	char name[CPU_NAME_LEN];
>  	enum connector connector;
>  	unsigned int flags_ecx;
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> https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/mailman/listinfo/virtualization
> 

-- 
Ian Campbell

Your own qualities will help prevent your advancement in the world.

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