Re: [PATCH 2/4] thermal: Add generic cpufreq cooling implementation

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Hi Amit,

> -----Original Message-----
> From: amit kachhap [mailto:amitdanielk@xxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of Amit Daniel
> Kachhap
> Sent: Wednesday, February 22, 2012 3:44 PM
> To: linux-pm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Cc: linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; mjg59@xxxxxxxxxxxxx; linux-
> acpi@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; lenb@xxxxxxxxxx; linaro-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx;
> amit.kachhap@xxxxxxxxxx; R, Durgadoss; rob.lee@xxxxxxxxxx; patches@xxxxxxxxxx
> Subject: [PATCH 2/4] thermal: Add generic cpufreq cooling implementation
> 
> This patch adds support for generic cpu thermal cooling low level
> implementations using frequency scaling up/down based on the request
> from user. Different cpu related cooling devices can be registered by the

I believe what you mean by 'user' is another Driver using this code.. right ??

> user and the binding of these cooling devices to the corresponding
> trip points can be easily done as the registration API's return the
> cooling device pointer. The user of these api's are responsible for
> passing clipping frequency in percentages.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Amit Daniel Kachhap <amit.kachhap@xxxxxxxxxx>
> ---
>  Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt |   40 ++++
>  drivers/thermal/Kconfig                   |   11 +
>  drivers/thermal/Makefile                  |    1 +
>  drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c             |  310 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  include/linux/cpu_cooling.h               |   54 +++++
>  5 files changed, 416 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>  create mode 100644 Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
>  create mode 100644 drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
>  create mode 100644 include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
> b/Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..04de67c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/thermal/cpu-cooling-api.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
> +CPU cooling api's How To
> +===================================
> +
> +Written by Amit Daniel Kachhap <amit.kachhap@xxxxxxxxxx>
> +
> +Updated: 13 Dec 2011
> +
> +Copyright (c)  2011 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(http://www.samsung.com)
> +
> +0. Introduction
> +
> +The generic cpu cooling(freq clipping, cpuhotplug) provides
> +registration/unregistration api's to the user. The binding of the cooling
> +devices to the trip point is left for the user. The registration api's returns
> +the cooling device pointer.
> +
> +1. cpufreq cooling api's
> +
> +1.1 cpufreq registration api's
> +1.1.1 struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> +	struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> +	const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +
> +    This interface function registers the cpufreq cooling device with the name
> +    "thermal-cpufreq-%x". This api can support multiple instance of cpufreq
> cooling
> +    devices.
> +
> +    tab_ptr: The table containing the percentage of frequency to be clipped
> for
> +    each cooling state.
> +	.freq_clip_pctg: Percentage of frequency to be clipped for each allowed
> +	 cpus.
> +	.polling_interval: polling interval for this cooling state.
> +    tab_size: the total number of cooling state.

Although I can understand that the table size is equal to 
the total number of cooling states, it is better to name it 'num_cooling_states'
(or something) that means what it is..

> +    mask_val: all the allowed cpu's where frequency clipping can happen.
> +
> +1.1.2 void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev)
> +
> +    This interface function unregisters the "thermal-cpufreq-%x" cooling
> device.
> +
> +    cdev: Cooling device pointer which has to be unregistered.
> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/Kconfig b/drivers/thermal/Kconfig
> index f7f71b2..298c1cd 100644
> --- a/drivers/thermal/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/thermal/Kconfig
> @@ -18,3 +18,14 @@ config THERMAL_HWMON
>  	depends on THERMAL
>  	depends on HWMON=y || HWMON=THERMAL
>  	default y
> +
> +config CPU_THERMAL
> +	bool "generic cpu cooling support"
> +	depends on THERMAL
> +	help
> +	  This implements the generic cpu cooling mechanism through frequency
> +	  reduction, cpu hotplug and any other ways of reducing temperature. An
> +	  ACPI version of this already exists(drivers/acpi/processor_thermal.c).
> +	  This will be useful for platforms using the generic thermal interface
> +	  and not the ACPI interface.
> +	  If you want this support, you should say Y or M here.
> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/Makefile b/drivers/thermal/Makefile
> index 31108a0..655cbc4 100644
> --- a/drivers/thermal/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/thermal/Makefile
> @@ -3,3 +3,4 @@
>  #
> 
>  obj-$(CONFIG_THERMAL)		+= thermal_sys.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_THERMAL)	+= cpu_cooling.o
> diff --git a/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c b/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..298f550
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,310 @@
> +/*
> + *  linux/drivers/thermal/cpu_cooling.c
> + *
> + *  Copyright (C) 2011	Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(http://www.samsung.com)
> + *  Copyright (C) 2011  Amit Daniel <amit.kachhap@xxxxxxxxxx>
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + *  the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
> + *
> + *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + *  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> + *  General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + *  with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
> + *  59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + */
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/thermal.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
> +#include <linux/err.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
> +#include <linux/cpu_cooling.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ

Except the _idr methods, all the code is inside this #ifdef.
So, I think it is better to add this dependency in Kconfig,
and leave this code clean w/o many #ifdef's.

> +struct cpufreq_cooling_device {
> +	int id;
> +	struct thermal_cooling_device *cool_dev;
> +	struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr;
> +	unsigned int tab_size;
> +	unsigned int cpufreq_state;
> +	const struct cpumask *allowed_cpus;
> +	struct list_head node;
> +};
> +
> +static LIST_HEAD(cooling_cpufreq_list);
> +static DEFINE_MUTEX(cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +static DEFINE_IDR(cpufreq_idr);
> +static struct cpufreq_cooling_device *notify_cpufreq;

Please move this after the DEFINE_PER_CPU.
Hard to notice here..

> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned int, max_policy_freq);
> +#endif /*CONFIG_CPU_FREQ*/
> +
> +static int get_idr(struct idr *idr, struct mutex *lock, int *id)
> +{
> +	int err;
> +again:
> +	if (unlikely(idr_pre_get(idr, GFP_KERNEL) == 0))
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	if (lock)
> +		mutex_lock(lock);
> +	err = idr_get_new(idr, NULL, id);
> +	if (lock)
> +		mutex_unlock(lock);
> +	if (unlikely(err == -EAGAIN))
> +		goto again;
> +	else if (unlikely(err))
> +		return err;
> +
> +	*id = *id & MAX_ID_MASK;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void release_idr(struct idr *idr, struct mutex *lock, int id)
> +{
> +	if (lock)
> +		mutex_lock(lock);
> +	idr_remove(idr, id);
> +	if (lock)
> +		mutex_unlock(lock);
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ
> +/*Below codes defines functions to be used for cpufreq as cooling device*/
> +static bool is_cpufreq_valid(int cpu)
> +{
> +	struct cpufreq_policy policy;
> +	if (!cpufreq_get_policy(&policy, cpu))
> +		return true;
> +	return false;

Why not just do a return !cpufreq_get_policy(&policy, cpu);

> +}
> +
> +static int cpufreq_apply_cooling(struct cpufreq_cooling_device
> *cpufreq_device,
> +				unsigned long cooling_state)
> +{
> +	int cpuid, this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
> +
> +	if (!is_cpufreq_valid(this_cpu))

You are not using this_cpu anywhere else..so, directly use
Smp_processor_id() here..

> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (cooling_state > cpufreq_device->tab_size)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	/*Check if last cooling level is same as current cooling level*/

Use either 'state' or 'level' in comments as well as the variable name
Makes it easy to read..

> +	if (cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state == cooling_state)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state = cooling_state;
> +
> +	/*cpufreq thermal notifier uses this cpufreq device pointer*/
> +	notify_cpufreq = cpufreq_device;
> +
> +	for_each_cpu(cpuid, cpufreq_device->allowed_cpus) {
> +		if (is_cpufreq_valid(cpuid))
> +			cpufreq_update_policy(cpuid);
> +	}
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int thermal_cpufreq_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb,
> +					unsigned long event, void *data)
> +{
> +	struct cpufreq_policy *policy = data;
> +	struct freq_pctg_table *th_table;
> +	unsigned long max_freq = 0;
> +	unsigned int th_pctg = 0, level;
> +
> +	if (event != CPUFREQ_ADJUST)
> +		return 0;
> +
> +	if (!notify_cpufreq)
> +		return 0;

Why not combine both if's with an || ?

> +
> +	level = notify_cpufreq->cpufreq_state;

Yes..here it is..please use level/state..

> +
> +	if (level > 0) {
> +		th_table =
> +			&(notify_cpufreq->tab_ptr[level - 1]);
> +		th_pctg = th_table->freq_clip_pctg;
> +		max_freq =
> +		(policy->cpuinfo.max_freq * (100 - th_pctg)) / 100;
> +
> +		if (per_cpu(max_policy_freq, policy->cpu) == 0)
> +			per_cpu(max_policy_freq, policy->cpu) = policy->max;
> +	} else {
> +		if (per_cpu(max_policy_freq, policy->cpu) != 0) {
> +			max_freq = per_cpu(max_policy_freq, policy->cpu);
> +			per_cpu(max_policy_freq, policy->cpu) = 0;
> +		} else {
> +			max_freq = policy->max;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	cpufreq_verify_within_limits(policy, 0, max_freq);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * cpufreq cooling device callback functions
> + */
> +static int cpufreq_get_max_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> +				 unsigned long *state)
> +{
> +	struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_device = NULL;

Why assigning NULL ?

> +
> +	mutex_lock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(cpufreq_device, &cooling_cpufreq_list, node)
> +		if (cpufreq_device && cpufreq_device->cool_dev == cdev)
> +			break;
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	if (!cpufreq_device || cpufreq_device->cool_dev != cdev)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	*state = cpufreq_device->tab_size;
> +	return 0;
> +}

The above can be simplified this way:
	int ret = -EINVAL;
	mutex_lock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
	list_for_each_entry(cpufreq_device, &cooling_cpufreq_list, node)
		if (cpufreq_device->cool_dev == cdev) {
			*state = cpufreq_device->tab_size;
			ret = 0;
			break;
		}

	mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
	return ret;

I think the same can be done for the get_ function below..and similar ones
in the patch 3/4.

> +
> +static int cpufreq_get_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> +				 unsigned long *state)
> +{
> +	struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_device = NULL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(cpufreq_device, &cooling_cpufreq_list, node)
> +		if (cpufreq_device && cpufreq_device->cool_dev == cdev)
> +			break;
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	if (!cpufreq_device || cpufreq_device->cool_dev != cdev)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +	*state = cpufreq_device->cpufreq_state;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/*This cooling may be as PASSIVE/ACTIVE type*/
> +static int cpufreq_set_cur_state(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev,
> +				 unsigned long state)
> +{
> +	struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_device = NULL;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(cpufreq_device, &cooling_cpufreq_list, node)
> +		if (cpufreq_device && cpufreq_device->cool_dev == cdev)
> +			break;
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	if (!cpufreq_device || cpufreq_device->cool_dev != cdev)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	cpufreq_apply_cooling(cpufreq_device, state);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/* bind cpufreq callbacks to cpufreq cooling device */
> +static struct thermal_cooling_device_ops cpufreq_cooling_ops = {
> +	.get_max_state = cpufreq_get_max_state,
> +	.get_cur_state = cpufreq_get_cur_state,
> +	.set_cur_state = cpufreq_set_cur_state,
> +};
> +
> +static struct notifier_block thermal_cpufreq_notifier_block = {
> +	.notifier_call = thermal_cpufreq_notifier,
> +};
> +
> +struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> +	struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> +	const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +{
> +	struct thermal_cooling_device *cool_dev;
> +	struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_dev = NULL;
> +	unsigned int count = 0;
> +	char dev_name[THERMAL_NAME_LENGTH];
> +	int ret = 0, id = 0;
> +
> +	if (tab_ptr == NULL || tab_size == 0)
> +		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +
> +	list_for_each_entry(cpufreq_dev, &cooling_cpufreq_list, node)
> +		count++;
> +
> +	cpufreq_dev =
> +		kzalloc(sizeof(struct cpufreq_cooling_device), GFP_KERNEL);
> +
> +	if (!cpufreq_dev)
> +		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +
> +	cpufreq_dev->tab_ptr = tab_ptr;
> +	cpufreq_dev->tab_size = tab_size;
> +	cpufreq_dev->allowed_cpus = mask_val;
> +
> +	ret = get_idr(&cpufreq_idr, &cooling_cpufreq_lock, &cpufreq_dev->id);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		kfree(cpufreq_dev);
> +		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +	}
> +
> +	sprintf(dev_name, "thermal-cpufreq-%d", cpufreq_dev->id);
> +
> +	cool_dev = thermal_cooling_device_register(dev_name, cpufreq_dev,
> +						&cpufreq_cooling_ops);
> +	if (!cool_dev) {
> +		release_idr(&cpufreq_idr, &cooling_cpufreq_lock,
> +						cpufreq_dev->id);
> +		kfree(cpufreq_dev);
> +		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
> +	}
> +	cpufreq_dev->id = id;
> +	cpufreq_dev->cool_dev = cool_dev;
> +	mutex_lock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	list_add_tail(&cpufreq_dev->node, &cooling_cpufreq_list);
> +	mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +
> +	if (count == 0)
> +		cpufreq_register_notifier(&thermal_cpufreq_notifier_block,
> +						CPUFREQ_POLICY_NOTIFIER);

Why do we register only when count is 0 ?
Or should this be 'if (count > 0)' ?

> +	return cool_dev;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_cooling_register);
> +
> +void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev)
> +{
> +	struct cpufreq_cooling_device *cpufreq_dev = NULL;
> +	unsigned int count = 0;
> +
> +	mutex_lock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +	list_for_each_entry(cpufreq_dev, &cooling_cpufreq_list, node) {
> +		if (cpufreq_dev && cpufreq_dev->cool_dev == cdev)
> +			break;
> +		count++;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (!cpufreq_dev || cpufreq_dev->cool_dev != cdev) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +		return;
> +	}
> +
> +	list_del(&cpufreq_dev->node);
> +	mutex_unlock(&cooling_cpufreq_lock);
> +
> +	if (count == 1)

Same here..I do not get the idea behind this..
Shouldn't this be 'if (count > 0)' ?

In general,
I would like to see a real driver using these API's. This will help
everybody to understand the working of these API's much better.

Thanks,
Durga

> +		cpufreq_unregister_notifier(&thermal_cpufreq_notifier_block,
> +					CPUFREQ_POLICY_NOTIFIER);
> +
> +	thermal_cooling_device_unregister(cpufreq_dev->cool_dev);
> +	release_idr(&cpufreq_idr, &cooling_cpufreq_lock, cpufreq_dev->id);
> +	kfree(cpufreq_dev);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpufreq_cooling_unregister);
> +#endif /*CONFIG_CPU_FREQ*/
> diff --git a/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h b/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..5dc5632
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,54 @@
> +/*
> + *  linux/include/linux/cpu_cooling.h
> + *
> + *  Copyright (C) 2011	Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd(http://www.samsung.com)
> + *  Copyright (C) 2011  Amit Daniel <amit.kachhap@xxxxxxxxxx>
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
> + *  the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.
> + *
> + *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
> + *  WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> + *  General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
> + *  with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
> + *  59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA.
> + *
> + * ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef __CPU_COOLING_H__
> +#define __CPU_COOLING_H__
> +
> +#include <linux/thermal.h>
> +
> +struct freq_pctg_table {
> +	unsigned int freq_clip_pctg;
> +	unsigned int polling_interval;
> +};
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ
> +struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> +	struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> +	const struct cpumask *mask_val);
> +
> +void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev);
> +#else /*!CONFIG_CPU_FREQ*/
> +static inline struct thermal_cooling_device *cpufreq_cooling_register(
> +	struct freq_pctg_table *tab_ptr, unsigned int tab_size,
> +	const struct cpumask *mask_val)
> +{
> +	return NULL;
> +}
> +static inline void cpufreq_cooling_unregister(
> +				struct thermal_cooling_device *cdev)
> +{
> +	return;
> +}
> +#endif	/*CONFIG_CPU_FREQ*/
> +
> +#endif /* __CPU_COOLING_H__ */
> --
> 1.7.1

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