[PATCH] mm: Document the meminfo and vmstat fields of relevance to transparent hugepages

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From: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxx>

This patch updates Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt and
Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt with some information on monitoring
transparent huge page usage and the associated overhead.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt |    2 +
 Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt     |   62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
index b7413cb..51a9c42 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
@@ -743,6 +743,7 @@ Committed_AS:   100056 kB
 VmallocTotal:   112216 kB
 VmallocUsed:       428 kB
 VmallocChunk:   111088 kB
+AnonHugePages:   49152 kB
 
     MemTotal: Total usable ram (i.e. physical ram minus a few reserved
               bits and the kernel binary code)
@@ -776,6 +777,7 @@ VmallocChunk:   111088 kB
        Dirty: Memory which is waiting to get written back to the disk
    Writeback: Memory which is actively being written back to the disk
    AnonPages: Non-file backed pages mapped into userspace page tables
+AnonHugePages: Non-file backed huge pages mapped into userspace page tables
       Mapped: files which have been mmaped, such as libraries
         Slab: in-kernel data structures cache
 SReclaimable: Part of Slab, that might be reclaimed, such as caches
diff --git a/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt b/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt
index 29bdf62..f734bb2 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vm/transhuge.txt
@@ -166,6 +166,68 @@ behavior. So to make them effective you need to restart any
 application that could have been using hugepages. This also applies to
 the regions registered in khugepaged.
 
+== Monitoring usage ==
+
+The number of transparent huge pages currently used by the system is
+available by reading the AnonHugePages field in /proc/meminfo. To
+identify what applications are using transparent huge pages, it is
+necessary to read /proc/PID/smaps and count the AnonHugePages fields
+for each mapping. Note that reading the smaps file is expensive and
+reading it frequently will incur overhead.
+
+There are a number of counters in /proc/vmstat that may be used to
+monitor how successfully the system is providing huge pages for use.
+
+thp_fault_alloc is incremented every time a huge page is successfully
+	allocated to handle a page fault. This applies to both the
+	first time a page is faulted and for COW faults.
+
+thp_collapse_alloc is incremented by khugepaged when it has found
+	a range of pages to collapse into one huge page and has
+	successfully allocated a new huge page to store the data.
+
+thp_fault_fallback is incremented if a page fault fails to allocate
+	a huge page and instead falls back to using small pages.
+
+thp_collapse_alloc_failed is incremented if khugepaged found a range
+	of pages that should be collapsed into one huge page but failed
+	the allocation.
+
+thp_split is incremented every time a huge page is split into base
+	pages. This can happen for a variety of reasons but a common
+	reason is that a huge page is old and is being reclaimed.
+
+As the system ages, allocating huge pages may be expensive as the
+system uses memory compaction to copy data around memory to free a
+huge page for use. There are some counters in /proc/vmstat to help
+monitor this overhead.
+
+compact_stall is incremented every time a process stalls to run
+	memory compaction so that a huge page is free for use.
+
+compact_success is incremented if the system compacted memory and
+	freed a huge page for use.
+
+compact_fail is incremented if the system tries to compact memory
+	but failed.
+
+compact_pages_moved is incremented each time a page is moved. If
+	this value is increasing rapidly, it implies that the system
+	is copying a lot of data to satisfy the huge page allocation.
+	It is possible that the cost of copying exceeds any savings
+	from reduced TLB misses.
+
+compact_pagemigrate_failed is incremented when the underlying mechanism
+	for moving a page failed.
+
+compact_blocks_moved is incremented each time memory compaction examines
+	a huge page aligned range of pages.
+
+It is possible to establish how long the stalls were using the function
+tracer to record how long was spent in __alloc_pages_nodemask and
+using the mm_page_alloc tracepoint to identify which allocations were
+for huge pages.
+
 == get_user_pages and follow_page ==
 
 get_user_pages and follow_page if run on a hugepage, will return the

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