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Re: [Q] Interleaved formats on the media bus



Hi Sylwester,

Sylwester Nawrocki wrote:
> On 02/04/2012 12:22 PM, Sakari Ailus wrote:
>> Sylwester Nawrocki wrote:
>>> On 02/01/2012 11:00 AM, Sakari Ailus wrote:
>>>> I'd guess that all the ISP would do to such formats is to write them to
>>>> memory since I don't see much use for either in ISPs --- both typically are
>>>> output of the ISP.
>>>
>>> Yep, correct. In fact in those cases the sensor has complicated ISP built in,
>>> so everything a bridge have to do is to pass data over to user space.
>>>
>>> Also non-image data might need to be passed to user space as well.
>>
>> How does one know in the user space which part of the video buffer
>> contains jpeg data and which part is yuv? Does the data contain some
>> kind of header, or how is this done currently?
> 
> There is an additional data appended to the image data. Part of it must
> be retrieved out of the main DMA channel. I someway missed to mention in
> the previous e-mails that the bridge is somehow retarded, probably because
> of the way is has been evolving over time. That is, it originally 
> supported only the parallel video bus and then a MIPI-CSI2 frontend was 
> added. So it cannot split MIPI-CSI data channels into separate memory 
> buffers, AFAIK - at this stage. I think it just ignores the VC field of 
> the Data Identifier (DI), but it's just a guess for now.
> 
> If you look at the S5PV210 datasheet and the MIPI-CSIS device registers,
> at the end of the IO region it has 4 x ~4kiB internal buffers for 
> "non-image" data. These buffers must be emptied in the interrupt handler 
> and I'm going to need this data in user space in order to decode data 
> from sensors.
> 
> Sounds like a 2-plane buffers is a way to go, one plane for interleaved
> YUV/JPEG and the second one for the "metadata".
> 
> I originally thought about a separate buffer queue at the MIPI-CSIS driver,
> but it likely would have added unnecessary complication in the applications.
> 
>> I'd be much in favour or using a separate channel ID as Guennadi asked;
>> that way you could quite probably save one memory copy as well. But if
>> the hardware already exists and behaves badly there's usually not much
>> you can do about it.
> 
> As I explained above I suspect that the sensor sends each image data type
> on separate channels (I'm not 100% sure) but the bridge is unable to DMA
> it into separate memory regions.
> 
> Currently we have no support in V4L2 for specifying separate image data 
> format per MIPI-CSI2 channel. Maybe the solution is just about that - 
> adding support for virtual channels and a possibility to specify an image 
> format separately per each channel ?
> Still, there would be nothing telling how the channels are interleaved :-/

_If_ the sensor sends YUV and compressed JPEG data in separate CSI-2
channels then definitely the correct way to implement this is to take
this kind of setup into account in the frame format description --- we
do need that quite badly.

However, this doesn't really help you with your current problem, and
perhaps just creating a custom format for your sensor driver is the best
way to go for the time being. But. When someone attaches this kind of
sensor to another CSI-2 receiver that can separate the data from
different channels, I think we should start working towards for a
correct solution which this driver also should support.

With information on the frame format, the CSI-2 hardware could properly
write the data into two separate buffers. Possibly it should provide two
video nodes, but I'm not sure about that. A multi-plane buffer is
another option.

Cheers,

-- 
Sakari Ailus
sakari.ailus@xxxxxx
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