|[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
On 01/09/2012 11:11 AM, Daniel Vetter wrote:
On Mon, Jan 09, 2012 at 10:37:28AM +0100, Thomas Hellstrom wrote:Hi! When TTM was originally written, it was assumed that GPU apertures could address pages directly, and that the CPU could access those pages without explicit synchronization. The process of binding a page to a GPU translation table was a simple one-step operation, and we needed to worry about fragmentation in the GPU aperture only. Now that we "sort of" support DMA memory there are three things I think are missing: 1) We can't gracefully handle coherent DMA OOMs or coherent DMA (Including CMA) memory fragmentation leading to failed allocations. 2) We can't handle dynamic mapping of pages into and out of dma, and corresponding IOMMU space shortage or fragmentation, and CPU synchronization. 3) We have no straightforward way of moving pages between devices. I think a reasonable way to support this is to make binding to a non-fixed (system page based) TTM memory type a two-step binding process, so that a TTM placement consists of (DMA_TYPE, MEMORY_TYPE) instead of only (MEMORY_TYPE). In step 1) the bo is bound to a specific DMA type. These could be for example: (NONE, DYNAMIC, COHERENT, CMA), .... device dependent types could be allowed as well. In this step, we perform dma_sync_for_device, or allocate dma-specific pages maintaining LRU lists so that if we receive a DMA memory allocation OOM, we can unbind bo:s bound to the same DMA type. Standard graphics cards would then, for example, use the NONE DMA type when run on bare metal or COHERENT when run on Xen. A "COHERENT" OOM condition would then lead to eviction of another bo. (Note that DMA eviction might involve data copies and be costly, but still better than failing). Binding with the DYNAMIC memory type would mean that CPU accesses are disallowed, and that user-space CPU page mappings might need to be killed, with a corresponding sync_for_cpu if they are faulted in again (perhaps on a page-by-page basis). Any attempt to bo_kmap() a bo page bound to DYNAMIC DMA mapping should trigger a BUG. In step 2) The bo is bound to the GPU in the same way it's done today. Evicting from DMA will of course also trigger an evict from GPU, but an evict from GPU will not trigger a DMA evict. Making a bo "anonymous" and thus moveable between devices would then mean binding it to the "NONE" DMA type. Comments, suggestions?Well I think we need to solve outstanding issues in the dma_buf framework first. Currently dma_buf isn't really up to par to handle coherency between the cpu and devices and there's also not yet any way to handle dma address space fragmentation/exhaustion. I fear that if you jump ahead with improving the ttm support alone we might end up with something incompatible to the stuff dma_buf eventually will grow, resulting in decent amounts of wasted efforts. Cc'ed a bunch of relevant lists to foster input from people.
Daniel, Thanks for your input. I think this is mostly orthogonal to dma_buf, and really a way to adapt TTM to be DMA-api aware. That's currently done within the TTM backends. CMA was mearly included as an example that might not be relevant.I haven't followed dma_buf that closely lately, but if it's growing from being just a way to share buffer objects between devices to something providing also low-level
allocators with fragmentation prevention, there's definitely an overlap.However, on the dma_buf meeting in Budapest there seemed to be little or no interest in robust buffer allocation / fragmentation prevention although I remember bringing
it up to the point where I felt annoying :).
For a starter you seem to want much more low-level integration with the dma api than existing users commonly need. E.g. if I understand things correctly drivers just call dma_alloc_coherent and the platform/board code then decides whether the device needs a contigious allocation from cma or whether something else is good, too (e.g. vmalloc for the cpu + iommu). Another thing is that I think doing lru eviction in case of dma address space exhaustion (or fragmentation) needs at least awereness of what's going on in the upper layers. iommus are commonly shared between devices and I presume that two ttm drivers sitting behind the same iommu and fighting over it's resources can lead to some hilarious outcomes.
A good point, I didn't think of that.For TTM drivers sharing the same IOMMU it's really possible to make such LRU global,
(assuming IOMMU identity is available to the TTM-aware drivers), but unlessfragmentation prevention the way we use it for graphics drivers (allocate - submit - fence) ends up in the IOMMU space management code, it's impossible to make this scheme system-wide.
Thanks, /Thomas -- To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-media" in the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html