Re: [RFC] Kbuild: allow code re-use across different directories

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Hi,

On Wed, Sep 7, 2011 at 3:59 PM, Nicolas Pitre <nico@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wed, 7 Sep 2011, Arnaud Lacombe wrote:
>
>> Hi,
>>
>> On Wed, Sep 7, 2011 at 3:07 PM, Nicolas Pitre <nico@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> > On Fri, 19 Aug 2011, Arnaud Lacombe wrote:
>> >
>> >> Hi folks,
>> >>
>> >> The attached patch modify Kbuild to allow to directly re-use code in multiple
>> >> directory without having to go through a copy. Technically, it changes Kbuild to
>> >> use by default the VPATH feature of GNU make and provides accessors for Makefile
>> >> to change it indirectly.
>> >>
>> >> Considering:
>> >>
>> >> arch/foo/lib:
>> >> fancy.c
>> >>
>> >> We want to be able to build it with -DPANTS=32 in the kernel, but the
>> >> bootloader requires -DPANTS_SIZE=30.
>> >>
>> >> Currently we would do, either:
>> >>
>> >> arch/foo/lib/Makefile
>> >> LDFLAGS_fancy.o := -DPANTS=32
>> >> obj-y += fancy.o
>> >>
>> >> and, either:
>> >>
>> >> arch/foo/boot/Makefile:
>> >> LDFLAGS_fancy.o := -DPANTS=30
>> >> obj-y += fancy.o
>> >> $(obj)/fancy.c: $(srctree)/arch/foo/lib/fancy.c
>> >>       $(call cmd,shipped)
>> >>
>> >> or
>> >>
>> >> arch/foo/boot/Makefile:
>> >> LDFLAGS_fancy.o := -DPANTS=30
>> >> obj-y += fancy.o
>> >> $(obj)/fancy.o: $(srctree)/arch/foo/lib/fancy.c
>> >>       $(call cmd,cc_c_o)
>> >>
>> >> The former implies an extra copy of the source file, the latter expose Kbuild
>> >> internal function.
>> >>
>> >> With the attached patch, we would do:
>> >>
>> >> arch/foo/boot/Makefile:
>> >> LDFLAGS_fancy.o := -DPANTS=30
>> >> obj-y += fancy.o
>> >> vpath-y += $(srctree)/arch/foo/lib
>> >>
>> >> and let GNU make do the job.
>> >>
>> >> Comments welcome,
>> >
>> > It doesn't work.  Whatever I do to arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
>> > (which admittedly looks a bit hairy and could benefit from a shave) in
>> > order to remove the $(call cmd,shipped) used with lib1funcs.S, I always
>> > end up with:
>> >
>> > make[2]: *** No rule to make target `arch/arm/boot/compressed/lib1funcs.S', needed by `arch/arm/boot/compressed/lib1funcs.o'.  Stop.
>> >
>> What was the exact change you made which triggered this ?
>
> In its simplest expression (not caring about the now undefined lib1funcs
> variable):
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
> index 0c74a6fab9..b34ed80977 100644
> --- a/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/arm/boot/compressed/Makefile
> @@ -70,6 +70,10 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_ARCH_SHMOBILE),y)
>  OBJS           += head-shmobile.o
>  endif
>
> +# For __aeabi_uidivmod
> +OBJS           += lib1funcs.o
> +vpath-y                += $(srctree)/arch/arm/lib
> +
>  #
>  # We now have a PIC decompressor implementation.  Decompressors running
>  # from RAM should not define ZTEXTADDR.  Decompressors running directly
> @@ -120,12 +124,6 @@ LDFLAGS_vmlinux += -X
>  # Next argument is a linker script
>  LDFLAGS_vmlinux += -T
>
> -# For __aeabi_uidivmod
> -lib1funcs = $(obj)/lib1funcs.o
> -
> -$(obj)/lib1funcs.S: $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/lib/lib1funcs.S FORCE
> -       $(call cmd,shipped)
> -
>  # We need to prevent any GOTOFF relocs being used with references
>  # to symbols in the .bss section since we cannot relocate them
>  # independently from the rest at run time.  This can be achieved by
>
that look correct to me, however, the error you get:

make[2]: *** No rule to make target
`arch/arm/boot/compressed/lib1funcs.S', needed by
`arch/arm/boot/compressed/lib1funcs.o'.  Stop.

seem odd to me.

I just re-tried on x86 with:

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index 09664ef..65c89f7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -23,7 +23,9 @@ LDFLAGS_vmlinux := -T

 hostprogs-y    := mkpiggy

-$(obj)/vmlinux: $(obj)/vmlinux.lds $(obj)/head_$(BITS).o
$(obj)/misc.o $(obj)/string.o $(obj)/cmdline.o
$(obj)/early_serial_console.o $(obj)/piggy.o FORCE
+vpath-y += $(srctree)/arch/x86/lib
+
+$(obj)/vmlinux: $(obj)/vmlinux.lds $(obj)/checksum_32.o
$(obj)/head_$(BITS).o $(obj)/misc.o $(obj)/string.o $(obj)/cmdline.o
$(obj)/early_serial_console.o $(obj)/piggy.o FORCE
        $(call if_changed,ld)
        @:

and `checksum_32.o' gets built just fine from
`$(srctree)/arch/x86/lib/checksum_32.S'. I guess I'll ends up building
an arm toolchain tonight and see closer.

 - Arnaud
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