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Re: [PATCH] i2c: Split I2C_M_NOSTART support out of I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING

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Hi Mark,

On Thu,  3 May 2012 11:53:36 +0100, Mark Brown wrote:
> Since there are uses for I2C_M_NOSTART which are much more sensible and
> standard than most of the protocol mangling functionality (the main one
> being gather writes to devices where something like a register address
> needs to be inserted before a block of data) create a new I2C_FUNC_NOSTART
> for this feature and update all the users to use it.

This is all correct, but it should be documented in
Documentation/i2c/i2c-protocol. At the moment documentation still says
that I2C_M_NOSTART is a weird protocol quirk nobody should be using.

When you update the documentation, I think it is important to stress
that there are now two use cases of I2C_M_NOSTART. If direction
changes, it is a rarely needed protocol quirk. If direction doesn't
change, it is used for buffer gathering.

> 
> In the case of regmap-i2c we remove the requirement for mangling as
> I2C_M_NOSTART is the only mangling feature which is being used.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> ---
>  Documentation/i2c/functionality       |    1 +
>  drivers/base/regmap/regmap-i2c.c      |    2 +-
>  drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c      |    2 +-
>  drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-pcf.c      |    2 +-
>  drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-nuc900.c       |    3 ++-
>  drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-s3c2410.c      |    3 ++-
>  drivers/input/joystick/as5011.c       |    1 +
>  drivers/video/matrox/matroxfb_maven.c |    1 +
>  include/linux/i2c.h                   |    5 +++--
>  9 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

Review:

> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/i2c/functionality b/Documentation/i2c/functionality
> index 42c17c1..fb2e77e 100644
> --- a/Documentation/i2c/functionality
> +++ b/Documentation/i2c/functionality
> @@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ For the most up-to-date list of functionality constants, please check

You must also update the description of I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING to
no longer mention I2C_M_NOSTART.

>    I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BLOCK_DATA Handles the SMBus write_block_data command
>    I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_I2C_BLOCK   Handles the SMBus read_i2c_block_data command
>    I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_I2C_BLOCK  Handles the SMBus write_i2c_block_data command
> +  I2C_FUNC_NOSTART                Transfers can be sent without a start

Not true. Transfers always begin with a Start, even when I2C_M_NOSTART
is used, because it is never set for the first message.
I2C_FUNC_NOSTART means that messages other than the first may not get
their usual Repeated Start and address prefix. So a better working IMHO
would be:

+  I2C_FUNC_NOSTART                Can skip repeated start sequence

>  
>  A few combinations of the above flags are also defined for your convenience:
>  
> diff --git a/drivers/base/regmap/regmap-i2c.c b/drivers/base/regmap/regmap-i2c.c
> index 5f6b247..fa6bf52 100644
> --- a/drivers/base/regmap/regmap-i2c.c
> +++ b/drivers/base/regmap/regmap-i2c.c
> @@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ static int regmap_i2c_gather_write(void *context,
>  	/* If the I2C controller can't do a gather tell the core, it
>  	 * will substitute in a linear write for us.
>  	 */
> -	if (!i2c_check_functionality(i2c->adapter, I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING))
> +	if (!i2c_check_functionality(i2c->adapter, I2C_FUNC_NOSTART))
>  		return -ENOTSUPP;
>  
>  	xfer[0].addr = i2c->addr;
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c b/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c
> index 7f0b832..fad22b0 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-bit.c
> @@ -608,7 +608,7 @@ bailout:
>  
>  static u32 bit_func(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
>  {
> -	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL |
> +	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_NOSTART | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL |
>  	       I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BLOCK_DATA |
>  	       I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BLOCK_PROC_CALL |
>  	       I2C_FUNC_10BIT_ADDR | I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-pcf.c b/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-pcf.c
> index 5c23795..8b38986 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-pcf.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/algos/i2c-algo-pcf.c
> @@ -401,7 +401,7 @@ out:
>  
>  static u32 pcf_func(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
>  {
> -	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL |
> +	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_NOSTART | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL |
>  	       I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
>  }
>  

A quick grep suggests that i2c-algo-pcf doesn't support I2C_M_NOSTART,
only I2C_M_REV_DIR_ADDR. So you don't want to add I2C_FUNC_NOSTART to
the functionality mask.

> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-nuc900.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-nuc900.c
> index 03b6157..a26dfb8 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-nuc900.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-nuc900.c
> @@ -502,7 +502,8 @@ static int nuc900_i2c_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
>  /* declare our i2c functionality */
>  static u32 nuc900_i2c_func(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
>  {
> -	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL | I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
> +	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL | I2C_FUNC_NOSTART |
> +		I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
>  }
>  
>  /* i2c bus registration info */
> diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-s3c2410.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-s3c2410.c
> index fa0b134..0195915 100644
> --- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-s3c2410.c
> +++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-s3c2410.c
> @@ -626,7 +626,8 @@ static int s3c24xx_i2c_xfer(struct i2c_adapter *adap,
>  /* declare our i2c functionality */
>  static u32 s3c24xx_i2c_func(struct i2c_adapter *adap)
>  {
> -	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL | I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
> +	return I2C_FUNC_I2C | I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_EMUL | I2C_FUNC_NOSTART |
> +		I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING;
>  }
>  
>  /* i2c bus registration info */
> diff --git a/drivers/input/joystick/as5011.c b/drivers/input/joystick/as5011.c
> index 3063464..57d19d4 100644
> --- a/drivers/input/joystick/as5011.c
> +++ b/drivers/input/joystick/as5011.c
> @@ -231,6 +231,7 @@ static int __devinit as5011_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
>  	}
>  
>  	if (!i2c_check_functionality(client->adapter,
> +				     I2C_FUNC_NOSTART |
>  				     I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING)) {
>  		dev_err(&client->dev,
>  			"need i2c bus that supports protocol mangling\n");
> diff --git a/drivers/video/matrox/matroxfb_maven.c b/drivers/video/matrox/matroxfb_maven.c
> index 31b8f67..217678e 100644
> --- a/drivers/video/matrox/matroxfb_maven.c
> +++ b/drivers/video/matrox/matroxfb_maven.c
> @@ -1243,6 +1243,7 @@ static int maven_probe(struct i2c_client *client,
>  
>  	if (!i2c_check_functionality(adapter, I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_WORD_DATA |
>  					      I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE_DATA |
> +					      I2C_FUNC_NOSTART |
>  					      I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING))
>  		goto ERROR0;
>  	if (!(data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL))) {
> diff --git a/include/linux/i2c.h b/include/linux/i2c.h
> index b66cb60..da46925 100644
> --- a/include/linux/i2c.h
> +++ b/include/linux/i2c.h
> @@ -541,7 +541,7 @@ struct i2c_msg {
>  	__u16 flags;
>  #define I2C_M_TEN		0x0010	/* this is a ten bit chip address */
>  #define I2C_M_RD		0x0001	/* read data, from slave to master */
> -#define I2C_M_NOSTART		0x4000	/* if I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING */
> +#define I2C_M_NOSTART		0x4000	/* if I2C_FUNC_NOSTART */
>  #define I2C_M_REV_DIR_ADDR	0x2000	/* if I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING */
>  #define I2C_M_IGNORE_NAK	0x1000	/* if I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING */
>  #define I2C_M_NO_RD_ACK		0x0800	/* if I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING */
> @@ -554,7 +554,7 @@ struct i2c_msg {
>  
>  #define I2C_FUNC_I2C			0x00000001
>  #define I2C_FUNC_10BIT_ADDR		0x00000002
> -#define I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING	0x00000004 /* I2C_M_NOSTART etc. */
> +#define I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING	0x00000004 /* I2C_M_IGNORE_NAK etc. */
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_PEC		0x00000008
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BLOCK_PROC_CALL	0x00008000 /* SMBus 2.0 */
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_QUICK		0x00010000
> @@ -569,6 +569,7 @@ struct i2c_msg {
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BLOCK_DATA 0x02000000
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_I2C_BLOCK	0x04000000 /* I2C-like block xfer  */
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_I2C_BLOCK	0x08000000 /* w/ 1-byte reg. addr. */
> +#define I2C_FUNC_NOSTART		0x10000000 /* I2C_M_NOSTART */

Sorry for nitpicking but wouldn't I2C_FUNC_GATHER be a better name?
NOSTART is an implementation detail now, the high level feature is the
ability to gather multiple messages into one.

Also I think I would prefer if you used 0x00000010 for the new
functionality, so that it isn't too far away from
I2C_FUNC_PROTOCOL_MANGLING.

>  
>  #define I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_BYTE		(I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_READ_BYTE | \
>  					 I2C_FUNC_SMBUS_WRITE_BYTE)

Thanks,
-- 
Jean Delvare
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