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Re: [RFC v2 1/1] HID: User-space I/O driver support for HID subsystem

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Hi David,

> This driver allows to write I/O drivers in user-space and feed the input
> into the HID subsystem. It operates on the same level as USB-HID and
> Bluetooth-HID (HIDP). It does not provide support to write special HID
> device drivers but rather provides support for user-space I/O devices to
> feed their data into the kernel HID subsystem. The HID subsystem then
> loads the HID device drivers for the device and provides input-devices
> based on the user-space HID I/O device.

<snip>

> +#define UHID_NAME	"uhid"
> +#define UHID_BUFSIZE	32
> +
> +struct uhid_device {
> +	struct mutex devlock;
> +	bool running;
> +	struct device *parent;
> +
> +	__u8 *rd_data;
> +	uint rd_size;
> +
> +	struct hid_device *hid;
> +	struct uhid_event input_buf;
> +
> +	wait_queue_head_t waitq;
> +	spinlock_t qlock;
> +	struct uhid_event assemble;
> +	__u8 head;
> +	__u8 tail;
> +	struct uhid_event outq[UHID_BUFSIZE];
> +};

The kernel has a ringbuffer structure. Would it make sense to use that
one?

Or would using just a SKB queue be better?

> +static void uhid_queue(struct uhid_device *uhid, const struct uhid_event *ev)
> +{
> +	__u8 newhead;
> +
> +	newhead = (uhid->head + 1) % UHID_BUFSIZE;
> +
> +	if (newhead != uhid->tail) {
> +		memcpy(&uhid->outq[uhid->head], ev, sizeof(struct uhid_event));
> +		uhid->head = newhead;
> +		wake_up_interruptible(&uhid->waitq);
> +	} else {
> +		pr_warn("Output queue is full\n");
> +	}
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_start(struct hid_device *hid)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +	memset(&uhid->assemble, 0, sizeof(uhid->assemble));
> +	uhid->assemble.type = UHID_START;
> +	uhid_queue(uhid, &uhid->assemble);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void uhid_hid_stop(struct hid_device *hid)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +	memset(&uhid->assemble, 0, sizeof(uhid->assemble));
> +	uhid->assemble.type = UHID_STOP;
> +	uhid_queue(uhid, &uhid->assemble);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +
> +	hid->claimed = 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_open(struct hid_device *hid)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +	memset(&uhid->assemble, 0, sizeof(uhid->assemble));
> +	uhid->assemble.type = UHID_OPEN;
> +	uhid_queue(uhid, &uhid->assemble);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void uhid_hid_close(struct hid_device *hid)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +	memset(&uhid->assemble, 0, sizeof(uhid->assemble));
> +	uhid->assemble.type = UHID_CLOSE;
> +	uhid_queue(uhid, &uhid->assemble);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_power(struct hid_device *hid, int level)
> +{
> +	/* TODO: Handle PM-hints. This isn't mandatory so we simply return 0
> +	 * here.
> +	 */
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_input(struct input_dev *input, unsigned int type,
> +				unsigned int code, int value)
> +{
> +	struct hid_device *hid = input_get_drvdata(input);
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +	memset(&uhid->assemble, 0, sizeof(uhid->assemble));
> +
> +	uhid->assemble.type = UHID_OUTPUT_EV;
> +	uhid->assemble.u.output_ev.type = type;
> +	uhid->assemble.u.output_ev.code = code;
> +	uhid->assemble.u.output_ev.value = value;
> +
> +	uhid_queue(uhid, &uhid->assemble);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_parse(struct hid_device *hid)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +
> +	return hid_parse_report(hid, uhid->rd_data, uhid->rd_size);
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_get_raw(struct hid_device *hid, unsigned char rnum,
> +				__u8 *buf, size_t count, unsigned char rtype)
> +{
> +	/* TODO: we currently do not support this request. If we want this we
> +	 * would need some kind of stream-locking but it isn't needed by the
> +	 * main drivers, anyway.
> +	 */
> +
> +	return -EOPNOTSUPP;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_hid_output_raw(struct hid_device *hid, __u8 *buf, size_t count,
> +				unsigned char report_type)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = hid->driver_data;
> +	__u8 rtype;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +
> +	switch (report_type) {
> +		case HID_FEATURE_REPORT:
> +			rtype = UHID_FEATURE_REPORT;
> +			break;
> +		case HID_OUTPUT_REPORT:
> +			rtype = UHID_OUTPUT_REPORT;
> +			break;
> +		default:
> +			return -EINVAL;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (count < 1 || count > UHID_DATA_MAX)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +	memset(&uhid->assemble, 0, sizeof(uhid->assemble));
> +
> +	uhid->assemble.type = UHID_OUTPUT;
> +	uhid->assemble.u.output.size = count;
> +	uhid->assemble.u.output.rtype = rtype;
> +	memcpy(uhid->assemble.u.output.data, buf, count);
> +
> +	uhid_queue(uhid, &uhid->assemble);
> +	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +
> +	return count;
> +}
> +
> +static struct hid_ll_driver uhid_hid_driver = {
> +	.start = uhid_hid_start,
> +	.stop = uhid_hid_stop,
> +	.open = uhid_hid_open,
> +	.close = uhid_hid_close,
> +	.power = uhid_hid_power,
> +	.hidinput_input_event = uhid_hid_input,
> +	.parse = uhid_hid_parse,
> +};
> +
> +static int uhid_dev_create(struct uhid_device *uhid,
> +				const struct uhid_event *ev)
> +{
> +	struct hid_device *hid;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&uhid->devlock);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (uhid->running) {
> +		ret = -EALREADY;
> +		goto unlock;
> +	}
> +
> +	uhid->rd_size = ev->u.create.rd_size;
> +	uhid->rd_data = kzalloc(uhid->rd_size, GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!uhid->rd_data) {
> +		ret = -ENOMEM;
> +		goto unlock;
> +	}
> +
> +	if (copy_from_user(uhid->rd_data, ev->u.create.rd_data,
> +				uhid->rd_size)) {
> +		ret = -EFAULT;
> +		goto err_free;
> +	}
> +
> +	hid = hid_allocate_device();
> +	if (IS_ERR(hid)) {
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(hid);
> +		goto err_free;
> +	}
> +
> +	strncpy(hid->name, ev->u.create.name, 128);
> +	hid->name[127] = 0;
> +	hid->ll_driver = &uhid_hid_driver;
> +	hid->hid_get_raw_report = uhid_hid_get_raw;
> +	hid->hid_output_raw_report = uhid_hid_output_raw;
> +	hid->bus = ev->u.create.bus;
> +	hid->vendor = ev->u.create.vendor;
> +	hid->product = ev->u.create.product;
> +	hid->version = ev->u.create.version;
> +	hid->country = ev->u.create.country;
> +	hid->phys[0] = 0;
> +	hid->uniq[0] = 0;
> +	hid->driver_data = uhid;
> +	hid->dev.parent = uhid->parent;

Here we have to make sure that we have all required information provided
by userspace. Anything else that HID might require to work better. Or
that BR/EDR or LE provides additionally over USB.

> +	uhid->hid = hid;
> +	uhid->running = true;
> +
> +	ret = hid_add_device(hid);
> +	if (ret) {
> +		pr_err("Cannot register HID device\n");
> +		goto err_hid;
> +	}
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&uhid->devlock);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +
> +err_hid:
> +	hid_destroy_device(hid);
> +	uhid->hid = NULL;
> +	uhid->running = false;
> +err_free:
> +	kfree(uhid->rd_data);
> +unlock:
> +	mutex_unlock(&uhid->devlock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_dev_destroy(struct uhid_device *uhid)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&uhid->devlock);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (!uhid->running) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto unlock;
> +	}
> +
> +	hid_destroy_device(uhid->hid);
> +	kfree(uhid->rd_data);
> +	uhid->running = false;
> +
> +unlock:
> +	mutex_unlock(&uhid->devlock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_dev_input(struct uhid_device *uhid, struct uhid_event *ev)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&uhid->devlock);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (!uhid->running) {
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		goto unlock;
> +	}
> +
> +	hid_input_report(uhid->hid, HID_INPUT_REPORT, ev->u.input.data,
> +				ev->u.input.size, 0);
> +
> +unlock:
> +	mutex_unlock(&uhid->devlock);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_char_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid;
> +
> +	uhid = kzalloc(sizeof(*uhid), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!uhid)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	mutex_init(&uhid->devlock);
> +	spin_lock_init(&uhid->qlock);
> +	init_waitqueue_head(&uhid->waitq);
> +	uhid->running = false;
> +	uhid->parent = NULL;
> +
> +	file->private_data = uhid;
> +	nonseekable_open(inode, file);
> +
> +	return 0;

return nonseekable_open().

> +}
> +
> +static int uhid_char_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = file->private_data;
> +
> +	uhid_dev_destroy(uhid);
> +	kfree(uhid);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t uhid_char_read(struct file *file, char __user *buffer,
> +				size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = file->private_data;
> +	int ret;
> +	unsigned long flags;
> +	size_t len;
> +
> +	/* they need at least the "type" member of uhid_event */
> +	if (count < sizeof(__u32))
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +try_again:
> +	if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
> +		if (uhid->head == uhid->tail)
> +			return -EAGAIN;
> +	} else {
> +		ret = wait_event_interruptible(uhid->waitq,
> +						uhid->head != uhid->tail);
> +		if (ret)
> +			return ret;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = mutex_lock_interruptible(&uhid->devlock);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	if (uhid->head == uhid->tail) {
> +		mutex_unlock(&uhid->devlock);
> +		goto try_again;
> +	} else {
> +		len = min(count, sizeof(*uhid->outq));
> +		if (copy_to_user(buffer, &uhid->outq[uhid->tail], len)) {
> +			ret = -EFAULT;
> +		} else {
> +			spin_lock_irqsave(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +			uhid->tail = (uhid->tail + 1) % UHID_BUFSIZE;
> +			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uhid->qlock, flags);
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	mutex_unlock(&uhid->devlock);
> +	return ret ? ret : len;
> +}
> +
> +static ssize_t uhid_char_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
> +				size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = file->private_data;
> +	int ret;
> +	size_t len;
> +
> +	/* we need at least the "type" member of uhid_event */
> +	if (count < sizeof(__u32))
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	memset(&uhid->input_buf, 0, sizeof(uhid->input_buf));
> +	len = min(count, sizeof(uhid->input_buf));
> +	if (copy_from_user(&uhid->input_buf, buffer, len))
> +		return -EFAULT;
> +
> +	switch (uhid->input_buf.type) {
> +		case UHID_CREATE:
> +			ret = uhid_dev_create(uhid, &uhid->input_buf);
> +			break;
> +		case UHID_DESTROY:
> +			ret = uhid_dev_destroy(uhid);
> +			break;
> +		case UHID_INPUT:
> +			ret = uhid_dev_input(uhid, &uhid->input_buf);
> +			break;
> +		default:
> +			ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;

switch and case should be on the same indentation.

> +	}
> +
> +	/* return "count" not "len" to not confuse the caller */
> +	return ret ? ret : count;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned int uhid_char_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
> +{
> +	struct uhid_device *uhid = file->private_data;
> +
> +	poll_wait(file, &uhid->waitq, wait);
> +
> +	if (uhid->head != uhid->tail)
> +		return POLLIN | POLLRDNORM;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations uhid_fops = {
> +	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> +	.open		= uhid_char_open,
> +	.release	= uhid_char_release,
> +	.read		= uhid_char_read,
> +	.write		= uhid_char_write,
> +	.poll		= uhid_char_poll,
> +	.llseek		= no_llseek,
> +};
> +
> +static struct miscdevice uhid_misc = {
> +	.fops		= &uhid_fops,
> +	.minor		= MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
> +	.name		= UHID_NAME,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init uhid_init(void)
> +{
> +	return misc_register(&uhid_misc);
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit uhid_exit(void)
> +{
> +	misc_deregister(&uhid_misc);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(uhid_init);
> +module_exit(uhid_exit);
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@xxxxxxxxx>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("User-space I/O driver support for HID subsystem");
> diff --git a/include/linux/Kbuild b/include/linux/Kbuild
> index c94e717..b8d5ed0 100644
> --- a/include/linux/Kbuild
> +++ b/include/linux/Kbuild
> @@ -370,6 +370,7 @@ header-y += tty.h
>  header-y += types.h
>  header-y += udf_fs_i.h
>  header-y += udp.h
> +header-y += uhid.h
>  header-y += uinput.h
>  header-y += uio.h
>  header-y += ultrasound.h
> diff --git a/include/linux/uhid.h b/include/linux/uhid.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..67d9c8d
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/uhid.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,84 @@
> +#ifndef __UHID_H_
> +#define __UHID_H_
> +
> +/*
> + * User-space I/O driver support for HID subsystem
> + * Copyright (c) 2012 David Herrmann
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
> + * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
> + * Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option)
> + * any later version.
> + */
> +
> +/*
> + * Public header for user-space communication. We try to keep every structure
> + * aligned but to be safe we also use __attribute__((packed)). Therefore, the
> + * communication should be ABI compatible even between architectures.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/input.h>
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +
> +enum uhid_event_type {

Can we add an UHID_UNSPEC or UHID_INVALID here for the 0 value.

> +	UHID_CREATE,
> +	UHID_DESTROY,
> +	UHID_START,
> +	UHID_STOP,
> +	UHID_OPEN,
> +	UHID_CLOSE,
> +	UHID_OUTPUT,
> +	UHID_OUTPUT_EV,
> +	UHID_INPUT,
> +};
> +
> +struct uhid_create_req {
> +	__u8 name[128];
> +	__u8 __user *rd_data;
> +	__u16 rd_size;
> +
> +	__u16 bus;
> +	__u32 vendor;
> +	__u32 product;
> +	__u32 version;
> +	__u32 country;
> +} __attribute__((packed));

__packed please and all others.

> +
> +#define UHID_DATA_MAX 4096
> +
> +enum uhid_report_type {
> +	UHID_FEATURE_REPORT,
> +	UHID_OUTPUT_REPORT,
> +};
> +
> +struct uhid_input_req {
> +	__u8 data[UHID_DATA_MAX];
> +	__u16 size;
> +} __attribute__((packed));
> +
> +struct uhid_output_req {
> +	__u8 data[UHID_DATA_MAX];
> +	__u16 size;
> +	__u8 rtype;
> +} __attribute__((packed));
> +
> +struct uhid_output_ev_req {
> +	__u16 type;
> +	__u16 code;
> +	__s32 value;
> +} __attribute__((packed));
> +
> +struct uhid_event {
> +	__u32 type;
> +
> +	union {
> +		struct uhid_create_req create;
> +		struct uhid_input_req input;
> +		struct uhid_output_req output;
> +		struct uhid_output_ev_req output_ev;
> +	} u;
> +} __attribute__((packed));

What about adding another __u32 len here? Just so we can do some extra
length checks if needed.

Regards

Marcel


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