Re: [PATCH 14/14] crc32: Select an algorithm via kconfig

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On Fri, Dec 02, 2011 at 06:36:46PM -0800, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> On Fri, Dec 02, 2011 at 08:25:05AM +0800, Herbert Xu wrote:
> > On Thu, Dec 01, 2011 at 12:15:17PM -0800, Darrick J. Wong wrote:
> > > Allow the kernel builder to choose a crc32* algorithm for the kernel.
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@xxxxxxxxxx>
> > 
> > I don't like this at all.  How do you expect distros or indeed
> > anyone to make this choice? For generic C implementations like
> > this we should only have one, and not many.
> 
> Slice-by-8 should be picked automatically if the builder doesn't explicitly
> pick another one.  The other choices are provided for people who want a slimmer
> cache footprint.  I guess I could make the Kconfig file a bit more explicit
> about slice-by-8 being default, or I guess we could just ignore this one patch
> and thereby keeping us with the old method where anyone who wants the slimmer
> implementations patches the #defines.

Ok, here's a patch that makes it more explicit that sliceby8 is the default.
I expect distros and anyone else to simply hit <Enter>.  The only people who
should do otherwise are people who know they are building for machines that
have small cache sizes such that the crc table fights for cache lines with the
data being checksummed.

I made a quick survey of CPU L1 cache quantities:

All Intel CPUs since the Pentium MMX have > 8KiB of L1.
All AMD CPUs since the K5 have had > 8KiB of L1.
Most SPARC64 CPUs except the UltraSparc T1 and T2 CPUs have > 8KiB of L1.
Most PowerPC CPUs since the 601 seem to have > 8KiB of L1.
All IBM POWER CPUs since at least the POWER2 have had > 8KiB of L1.
There are too many different ARM cores for me to track.   My smartphones and
embedded ARM controllers all have > 8KIB of L1, but that's not enough to
generalize.

While I might've been tempted to agree with Herbert and hardwire the code to
use slice by 8, there are enough CPUs out there that *could* have too-small L1
caches that I'm not comfortable with _removing_ the Kconfig option to use a
slimmer algorithm.  I can't gate the decision on 64-bitness either, since I've
seen plenty of i386 CPUs that benefit from slice by 8, and the UltraSparc T2 is
a 64-bit processor that seems likely to suffer cache thrashing.

I think having a configurable menu that steers people towards slice by 8 is
fine.  Bob, was there a reason for picking slice by 4 for 32-bit machines?

D
---
Allow the kernel builder to choose a crc32* algorithm for the kernel.

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@xxxxxxxxxx>
---

 lib/Kconfig     |   43 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 lib/crc32defs.h |   18 ++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 61 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
index cfddafc..029c0e3 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig
+++ b/lib/Kconfig
@@ -70,6 +70,49 @@ config CRC32_SELFTEST
 	  and crc32_be over byte strings with random alignment and length
 	  and computes the total elapsed time and number of bytes processed.
 
+choice
+	prompt "CRC32 implementation"
+	depends on CRC32
+	default CRC32_SLICEBY8
+
+config CRC32_SLICEBY8
+	bool "Slice by 8 bytes"
+	help
+	  Calculate checksum 8 bytes at a time with a clever slicing algorithm.
+	  This is the fastest algorithm, but comes with a 8KiB lookup table.
+	  Most modern processors have enough cache to hold this table without
+	  thrashing the cache.
+
+	  This is the default implementation choice.  Choose this one unless
+	  you have a good reason not to.
+
+config CRC32_SLICEBY4
+	bool "Slice by 4 bytes"
+	help
+	  Calculate checksum 4 bytes at a time with a clever slicing algorithm.
+	  This is a bit slower than slice by 8, but has a smaller 4KiB lookup
+	  table.
+
+	  Only choose this option if you know what you are doing.
+
+config CRC32_SARWATE
+	bool "Sarwate's Algorithm (one byte at a time)"
+	help
+	  Calculate checksum a byte at a time using Sarwate's algorithm.  This
+	  is not particularly fast, but has a small 256 byte lookup table.
+
+	  Only choose this option if you know what you are doing.
+
+config CRC32_BIT
+	bool "Classic Algorithm (one bit at a time)"
+	help
+	  Calculate checksum one bit at a time.  This is VERY slow, but has
+	  no lookup table.  This is provided as a debugging option.
+
+	  Only choose this option if you are debugging crc32.
+
+endchoice
+
 config CRC7
 	tristate "CRC7 functions"
 	help
diff --git a/lib/crc32defs.h b/lib/crc32defs.h
index 6fd1917..64cba2c 100644
--- a/lib/crc32defs.h
+++ b/lib/crc32defs.h
@@ -13,6 +13,24 @@
  */
 #define CRC32C_POLY_LE 0x82F63B78
 
+/* Try to choose an implementation variant via Kconfig */
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRC32_SLICEBY8
+# define CRC_LE_BITS 64
+# define CRC_BE_BITS 64
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRC32_SLICEBY4
+# define CRC_LE_BITS 32
+# define CRC_BE_BITS 32
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRC32_SARWATE
+# define CRC_LE_BITS 8
+# define CRC_BE_BITS 8
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRC32_BIT
+# define CRC_LE_BITS 1
+# define CRC_BE_BITS 1
+#endif
+
 /*
  * How many bits at a time to use.  Valid values are 1, 2, 4, 8, 32 and 64.
  * For less performance-sensitive, use 4 or 8 to save table size.

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