A fiddle for /dev/random

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The program below gives somewhat random initialisers for the
three pools in the random(4) driver. It is sort of a compile
time equivalent of dumping /var/run/random-seed in.

If /dev/urandom is present on the development machine
(as it should be in nearly all cases), data from it is used.
If not, the fallback is to use data from the Blowfish digits
of pi, mixed into a somewhat random order.

This is not particularly useful since it gives no real entropy.

On the other hand, since we are going to allocate storage
anyway, it costs almost nothing to initialise it randomly.
It may be of some small value as a defense-in-depth
sort of thing, making attacks more complex even if, by
itself, it cannot prevent any.

	Program to select numbers for initialising things
		limits the range of Hamming weights
		every byte has at least one bit 1, one 0

	different every time it runs

	writes to stdout, expecting makefile to redirect
	results suitable for inclusion by random(4)

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>


	Choose from a range of Hamming weights around 16
#define MIN  11
#define MAX (32-MIN)

unsigned *data ;

int accept(unsigned) ;
void outarray( int, int, char *) ;
void swap(int, int) ;
int fillarray( unsigned *, int) ;

main(int argc, char **argv)
	unsigned u ;
	int urandom, i, a, b, c, n, nbytes ;

	set up defaults
	correspond to random(4) defaults
	a = 128 ;
	b = 32 ;
	c = 0 ;
	arguments if given are
		argv[1] -> INPUT_POOL_WORDS
		argv[2] -> OUTPUT_POOL_WORDS
		argv[3] -> size of constants[]
	switch(argc)	{
		// each of these falls though to next
		case 4:
			c = atoi(argv[3]) ;
		case 3:
			b = atoi(argv[2]) ;
		case 2:
			a = atoi(argv[1]) ;
		case 1 :
			// does nothing
			break ;
			fprintf(stderr, "getrand: bad arguments\n") ;
			exit(1) ;
	// array size in 32-bit words
	n = a + (2*b) + c ;
	nbytes = n*4 ;
	if( (data = malloc(nbytes)) == NULL)	{
		fprintf(stderr, "getrand: malloc() fails\n") ;
		exit(1) ;
	// normal case: development machine has /dev/urandom
	if( (urandom = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY)) != -1 )	{
		// fill data[] with random material
		read(urandom,data,nbytes) ;
		// replace any entries that fail criteria
		for( i = 0 ; i < n ; i++ )
			while( !accept(data[i]) )
				read(urandom,data+i,4) ;
	// no /dev/urandom, use digits of pi
		if( (i = fillarray(data,n)) != n )	{
			fprintf(stderr, "getrand: no urandom & not enough digits of pi\n") ;
			exit(1) ;

	// output
	printf("#define INPUT_POOL_WORDS %d\n", a ) ;
	printf("#define OUTPUT_POOL_WORDS %d\n\n", b) ;	
	outarray( 0, a, "input_pool_data") ;
	outarray( a, b, "blocking_pool_data") ;
	outarray( a+b, b, "nonblocking_pool_data") ;
		outarray( a+(2*b), c, "constants" ) ;
	exit(0) ;

void outarray( int start, int n, char *p)
	int i, end, last ;
	end = start + n ;
	last = end - 1 ;
	printf("static unsigned %s[] = {\n", p, n) ;
	for( i = start ; i < end ; i++ )	{
		printf("\t0x%08xL", data[i]) ;
		if( i != last )
			printf(",") ;
		printf("\n") ;
	printf("\t} ;\n\n") ;

int accept(unsigned u)
	int h,i ;
	char *p ;
	// reject low or high Hamming weights
	h = hamming(u) ;
	if( (h<MIN) || (h>MAX) )
		return(0) ;
	// at least one 1 and at least one 0 per byte
	for( i = 0, p = (char *) &u ; i < 4 ; i++, p++ )	{
		switch(*p)	{
			case '\0':
			case '\255':
				return(0) ;
				break ;
	return(1) ;

	Kernighan's method
int hamming(unsigned x)
	int h ;
	for (h = 0; x; h++)
	  x &= (x-1) ; // clear the least significant bit set
	return(h) ;

	digits of pi
	from Paul Kocher's code for
	Schneier's Blowfish

	used if no /dev/urandom
static unsigned pi[] = {
        0x243F6A88L, 0x85A308D3L, 0x13198A2EL, 0x03707344L,
        0xA4093822L, 0x299F31D0L, 0x082EFA98L, 0xEC4E6C89L,
        0x452821E6L, 0x38D01377L, 0xBE5466CFL, 0x34E90C6CL,
        0xC0AC29B7L, 0xC97C50DDL, 0x3F84D5B5L, 0xB5470917L,
        0x9216D5D9L, 0x8979FB1BL,
	0xD1310BA6L, 0x98DFB5ACL, 0x2FFD72DBL, 0xD01ADFB7L,
        0xB8E1AFEDL, 0x6A267E96L, 0xBA7C9045L, 0xF12C7F99L,
        0x24A19947L, 0xB3916CF7L, 0x0801F2E2L, 0x858EFC16L,
        0x636920D8L, 0x71574E69L, 0xA458FEA3L, 0xF4933D7EL,
        0x0D95748FL, 0x728EB658L, 0x718BCD58L, 0x82154AEEL,
        0x7B54A41DL, 0xC25A59B5L, 0x9C30D539L, 0x2AF26013L,
        0xC5D1B023L, 0x286085F0L, 0xCA417918L, 0xB8DB38EFL,
        0x8E79DCB0L, 0x603A180EL, 0x6C9E0E8BL, 0xB01E8A3EL,
        0xD71577C1L, 0xBD314B27L, 0x78AF2FDAL, 0x55605C60L,
        0xE65525F3L, 0xAA55AB94L, 0x57489862L, 0x63E81440L,
        0x55CA396AL, 0x2AAB10B6L, 0xB4CC5C34L, 0x1141E8CEL,
        0xA15486AFL, 0x7C72E993L, 0xB3EE1411L, 0x636FBC2AL,
        0x2BA9C55DL, 0x741831F6L, 0xCE5C3E16L, 0x9B87931EL,
        0xAFD6BA33L, 0x6C24CF5CL, 0x7A325381L, 0x28958677L,
        0x3B8F4898L, 0x6B4BB9AFL, 0xC4BFE81BL, 0x66282193L,
        0x61D809CCL, 0xFB21A991L, 0x487CAC60L, 0x5DEC8032L,
        0xEF845D5DL, 0xE98575B1L, 0xDC262302L, 0xEB651B88L,
        0x23893E81L, 0xD396ACC5L, 0x0F6D6FF3L, 0x83F44239L,
        0x2E0B4482L, 0xA4842004L, 0x69C8F04AL, 0x9E1F9B5EL,
        0x21C66842L, 0xF6E96C9AL, 0x670C9C61L, 0xABD388F0L,
        0x6A51A0D2L, 0xD8542F68L, 0x960FA728L, 0xAB5133A3L,
        0x6EEF0B6CL, 0x137A3BE4L, 0xBA3BF050L, 0x7EFB2A98L,
        0xA1F1651DL, 0x39AF0176L, 0x66CA593EL, 0x82430E88L,
        0x8CEE8619L, 0x456F9FB4L, 0x7D84A5C3L, 0x3B8B5EBEL,
        0xE06F75D8L, 0x85C12073L, 0x401A449FL, 0x56C16AA6L,
        0x4ED3AA62L, 0x363F7706L, 0x1BFEDF72L, 0x429B023DL,
        0x37D0D724L, 0xD00A1248L, 0xDB0FEAD3L, 0x49F1C09BL,
        0x075372C9L, 0x80991B7BL, 0x25D479D8L, 0xF6E8DEF7L,
        0xE3FE501AL, 0xB6794C3BL, 0x976CE0BDL, 0x04C006BAL,
        0xC1A94FB6L, 0x409F60C4L, 0x5E5C9EC2L, 0x196A2463L,
        0x68FB6FAFL, 0x3E6C53B5L, 0x1339B2EBL, 0x3B52EC6FL,
        0x6DFC511FL, 0x9B30952CL, 0xCC814544L, 0xAF5EBD09L,
        0xBEE3D004L, 0xDE334AFDL, 0x660F2807L, 0x192E4BB3L,
        0xC0CBA857L, 0x45C8740FL, 0xD20B5F39L, 0xB9D3FBDBL,
        0x5579C0BDL, 0x1A60320AL, 0xD6A100C6L, 0x402C7279L,
        0x679F25FEL, 0xFB1FA3CCL, 0x8EA5E9F8L, 0xDB3222F8L,
        0x3C7516DFL, 0xFD616B15L, 0x2F501EC8L, 0xAD0552ABL,
        0x323DB5FAL, 0xFD238760L, 0x53317B48L, 0x3E00DF82L,
        0x9E5C57BBL, 0xCA6F8CA0L, 0x1A87562EL, 0xDF1769DBL,
        0xD542A8F6L, 0x287EFFC3L, 0xAC6732C6L, 0x8C4F5573L,
        0x695B27B0L, 0xBBCA58C8L, 0xE1FFA35DL, 0xB8F011A0L,
        0x10FA3D98L, 0xFD2183B8L, 0x4AFCB56CL, 0x2DD1D35BL,
        0x9A53E479L, 0xB6F84565L, 0xD28E49BCL, 0x4BFB9790L,
        0xE1DDF2DAL, 0xA4CB7E33L, 0x62FB1341L, 0xCEE4C6E8L,
        0xEF20CADAL, 0x36774C01L, 0xD07E9EFEL, 0x2BF11FB4L,
        0x95DBDA4DL, 0xAE909198L, 0xEAAD8E71L, 0x6B93D5A0L,
        0xD08ED1D0L, 0xAFC725E0L, 0x8E3C5B2FL, 0x8E7594B7L,
        0x8FF6E2FBL, 0xF2122B64L, 0x8888B812L, 0x900DF01CL,
        0x4FAD5EA0L, 0x688FC31CL, 0xD1CFF191L, 0xB3A8C1ADL,
        0x2F2F2218L, 0xBE0E1777L, 0xEA752DFEL, 0x8B021FA1L,
        0xE5A0CC0FL, 0xB56F74E8L, 0x18ACF3D6L, 0xCE89E299L,
        0xB4A84FE0L, 0xFD13E0B7L, 0x7CC43B81L, 0xD2ADA8D9L,
        0x165FA266L, 0x80957705L, 0x93CC7314L, 0x211A1477L,
        0xE6AD2065L, 0x77B5FA86L, 0xC75442F5L, 0xFB9D35CFL,
        0xEBCDAF0CL, 0x7B3E89A0L, 0xD6411BD3L, 0xAE1E7E49L,
        0x00250E2DL, 0x2071B35EL, 0x226800BBL, 0x57B8E0AFL,
        0x2464369BL, 0xF009B91EL, 0x5563911DL, 0x59DFA6AAL,
        0x78C14389L, 0xD95A537FL, 0x207D5BA2L, 0x02E5B9C5L,
        0x83260376L, 0x6295CFA9L, 0x11C81968L, 0x4E734A41L,
        0xB3472DCAL, 0x7B14A94AL, 0x1B510052L, 0x9A532915L,
        0xD60F573FL, 0xBC9BC6E4L, 0x2B60A476L, 0x81E67400L,
        0x08BA6FB5L, 0x571BE91FL, 0xF296EC6BL, 0x2A0DD915L,
        0xB6636521L, 0xE7B9F9B6L, 0xFF34052EL, 0xC5855664L,
        0x53B02D5DL, 0xA99F8FA1L, 0x08BA4799L, 0x6E85076AL,
    	0x4B7A70E9L, 0xB5B32944L, 0xDB75092EL, 0xC4192623L,
        0xAD6EA6B0L, 0x49A7DF7DL, 0x9CEE60B8L, 0x8FEDB266L,
        0xECAA8C71L, 0x699A17FFL, 0x5664526CL, 0xC2B19EE1L,
        0x193602A5L, 0x75094C29L, 0xA0591340L, 0xE4183A3EL,
        0x3F54989AL, 0x5B429D65L, 0x6B8FE4D6L, 0x99F73FD6L,
        0xA1D29C07L, 0xEFE830F5L, 0x4D2D38E6L, 0xF0255DC1L,
        0x4CDD2086L, 0x8470EB26L, 0x6382E9C6L, 0x021ECC5EL,
        0x09686B3FL, 0x3EBAEFC9L, 0x3C971814L, 0x6B6A70A1L,
        0x687F3584L, 0x52A0E286L, 0xB79C5305L, 0xAA500737L,
        0x3E07841CL, 0x7FDEAE5CL, 0x8E7D44ECL, 0x5716F2B8L,
        0xB03ADA37L, 0xF0500C0DL, 0xF01C1F04L, 0x0200B3FFL,
        0xAE0CF51AL, 0x3CB574B2L, 0x25837A58L, 0xDC0921BDL,
        0xD19113F9L, 0x7CA92FF6L, 0x94324773L, 0x22F54701L,
        0x3AE5E581L, 0x37C2DADCL, 0xC8B57634L, 0x9AF3DDA7L,
        0xA9446146L, 0x0FD0030EL, 0xECC8C73EL, 0xA4751E41L,
        0xE238CD99L, 0x3BEA0E2FL, 0x3280BBA1L, 0x183EB331L,
        0x4E548B38L, 0x4F6DB908L, 0x6F420D03L, 0xF60A04BFL,
        0x2CB81290L, 0x24977C79L, 0x5679B072L, 0xBCAF89AFL,
        0xDE9A771FL, 0xD9930810L, 0xB38BAE12L, 0xDCCF3F2EL,
        0x5512721FL, 0x2E6B7124L, 0x501ADDE6L, 0x9F84CD87L,
        0x7A584718L, 0x7408DA17L, 0xBC9F9ABCL, 0xE94B7D8CL,
        0xEC7AEC3AL, 0xDB851DFAL, 0x63094366L, 0xC464C3D2L,
        0xEF1C1847L, 0x3215D908L, 0xDD433B37L, 0x24C2BA16L,
        0x12A14D43L, 0x2A65C451L, 0x50940002L, 0x133AE4DDL,
        0x71DFF89EL, 0x10314E55L, 0x81AC77D6L, 0x5F11199BL,
        0x043556F1L, 0xD7A3C76BL, 0x3C11183BL, 0x5924A509L,
        0xF28FE6EDL, 0x97F1FBFAL, 0x9EBABF2CL, 0x1E153C6EL,
        0x86E34570L, 0xEAE96FB1L, 0x860E5E0AL, 0x5A3E2AB3L,
        0x771FE71CL, 0x4E3D06FAL, 0x2965DCB9L, 0x99E71D0FL,
        0x803E89D6L, 0x5266C825L, 0x2E4CC978L, 0x9C10B36AL,
        0xC6150EBAL, 0x94E2EA78L, 0xA5FC3C53L, 0x1E0A2DF4L,
        0xF2F74EA7L, 0x361D2B3DL, 0x1939260FL, 0x19C27960L,
        0x5223A708L, 0xF71312B6L, 0xEBADFE6EL, 0xEAC31F66L,
        0xE3BC4595L, 0xA67BC883L, 0xB17F37D1L, 0x018CFF28L,
        0xC332DDEFL, 0xBE6C5AA5L, 0x65582185L, 0x68AB9802L,
        0xEECEA50FL, 0xDB2F953BL, 0x2AEF7DADL, 0x5B6E2F84L,
        0x1521B628L, 0x29076170L, 0xECDD4775L, 0x619F1510L,
        0x13CCA830L, 0xEB61BD96L, 0x0334FE1EL, 0xAA0363CFL,
        0xB5735C90L, 0x4C70A239L, 0xD59E9E0BL, 0xCBAADE14L,
        0xEECC86BCL, 0x60622CA7L, 0x9CAB5CABL, 0xB2F3846EL,
        0x648B1EAFL, 0x19BDF0CAL, 0xA02369B9L, 0x655ABB50L,
        0x40685A32L, 0x3C2AB4B3L, 0x319EE9D5L, 0xC021B8F7L,
        0x9B540B19L, 0x875FA099L, 0x95F7997EL, 0x623D7DA8L,
        0xF837889AL, 0x97E32D77L, 0x11ED935FL, 0x16681281L,
        0x0E358829L, 0xC7E61FD6L, 0x96DEDFA1L, 0x7858BA99L,
        0x57F584A5L, 0x1B227263L, 0x9B83C3FFL, 0x1AC24696L,
        0xCDB30AEBL, 0x532E3054L, 0x8FD948E4L, 0x6DBC3128L,
        0x58EBF2EFL, 0x34C6FFEAL, 0xFE28ED61L, 0xEE7C3C73L,
        0x5D4A14D9L, 0xE864B7E3L, 0x42105D14L, 0x203E13E0L,
        0x45EEE2B6L, 0xA3AAABEAL, 0xDB6C4F15L, 0xFACB4FD0L,
        0xC742F442L, 0xEF6ABBB5L, 0x654F3B1DL, 0x41CD2105L,
        0xD81E799EL, 0x86854DC7L, 0xE44B476AL, 0x3D816250L,
        0xCF62A1F2L, 0x5B8D2646L, 0xFC8883A0L, 0xC1C7B6A3L,
        0x7F1524C3L, 0x69CB7492L, 0x47848A0BL, 0x5692B285L,
        0x095BBF00L, 0xAD19489DL, 0x1462B174L, 0x23820E00L,
        0x58428D2AL, 0x0C55F5EAL, 0x1DADF43EL, 0x233F7061L,
        0x3372F092L, 0x8D937E41L, 0xD65FECF1L, 0x6C223BDBL,
        0x7CDE3759L, 0xCBEE7460L, 0x4085F2A7L, 0xCE77326EL,
        0xA6078084L, 0x19F8509EL, 0xE8EFD855L, 0x61D99735L,
        0xA969A7AAL, 0xC50C06C2L, 0x5A04ABFCL, 0x800BCADCL,
        0x9E447A2EL, 0xC3453484L, 0xFDD56705L, 0x0E1E9EC9L,
        0xDB73DBD3L, 0x105588CDL, 0x675FDA79L, 0xE3674340L,
        0xC5C43465L, 0x713E38D8L, 0x3D28F89EL, 0xF16DFF20L,
        0x153E21E7L, 0x8FB03D4AL, 0xE6E39F2BL, 0xDB83ADF7L,
        0xE93D5A68L, 0x948140F7L, 0xF64C261CL, 0x94692934L,
        0x411520F7L, 0x7602D4F7L, 0xBCF46B2EL, 0xD4A20068L,
        0xD4082471L, 0x3320F46AL, 0x43B7D4B7L, 0x500061AFL,
        0x1E39F62EL, 0x97244546L, 0x14214F74L, 0xBF8B8840L,
        0x4D95FC1DL, 0x96B591AFL, 0x70F4DDD3L, 0x66A02F45L,
        0xBFBC09ECL, 0x03BD9785L, 0x7FAC6DD0L, 0x31CB8504L,
        0x96EB27B3L, 0x55FD3941L, 0xDA2547E6L, 0xABCA0A9AL,
        0x28507825L, 0x530429F4L, 0x0A2C86DAL, 0xE9B66DFBL,
        0x68DC1462L, 0xD7486900L, 0x680EC0A4L, 0x27A18DEEL,
        0x4F3FFEA2L, 0xE887AD8CL, 0xB58CE006L, 0x7AF4D6B6L,
        0xAACE1E7CL, 0xD3375FECL, 0xCE78A399L, 0x406B2A42L,
        0x20FE9E35L, 0xD9F385B9L, 0xEE39D7ABL, 0x3B124E8BL,
        0x1DC9FAF7L, 0x4B6D1856L, 0x26A36631L, 0xEAE397B2L,
        0x3A6EFA74L, 0xDD5B4332L, 0x6841E7F7L, 0xCA7820FBL,
        0xFB0AF54EL, 0xD8FEB397L, 0x454056ACL, 0xBA489527L,
        0x55533A3AL, 0x20838D87L, 0xFE6BA9B7L, 0xD096954BL,
        0x55A867BCL, 0xA1159A58L, 0xCCA92963L, 0x99E1DB33L,
        0xA62A4A56L, 0x3F3125F9L, 0x5EF47E1CL, 0x9029317CL,
        0xFDF8E802L, 0x04272F70L, 0x80BB155CL, 0x05282CE3L,
        0x95C11548L, 0xE4C66D22L, 0x48C1133FL, 0xC70F86DCL,
        0x07F9C9EEL, 0x41041F0FL, 0x404779A4L, 0x5D886E17L,
        0x325F51EBL, 0xD59BC0D1L, 0xF2BCC18FL, 0x41113564L,
        0x257B7834L, 0x602A9C60L, 0xDFF8E8A3L, 0x1F636C1BL,
        0x0E12B4C2L, 0x02E1329EL, 0xAF664FD1L, 0xCAD18115L,
        0x6B2395E0L, 0x333E92E1L, 0x3B240B62L, 0xEEBEB922L,
        0x85B2A20EL, 0xE6BA0D99L, 0xDE720C8CL, 0x2DA2F728L,
        0xD0127845L, 0x95B794FDL, 0x647D0862L, 0xE7CCF5F0L,
        0x5449A36FL, 0x877D48FAL, 0xC39DFD27L, 0xF33E8D1EL,
        0x0A476341L, 0x992EFF74L, 0x3A6F6EABL, 0xF4F8FD37L,
        0xA812DC60L, 0xA1EBDDF8L, 0x991BE14CL, 0xDB6E6B0DL,
        0xC67B5510L, 0x6D672C37L, 0x2765D43BL, 0xDCD0E804L,
        0xF1290DC7L, 0xCC00FFA3L, 0xB5390F92L, 0x690FED0BL,
        0x667B9FFBL, 0xCEDB7D9CL, 0xA091CF0BL, 0xD9155EA3L,
        0xBB132F88L, 0x515BAD24L, 0x7B9479BFL, 0x763BD6EBL,
        0x37392EB3L, 0xCC115979L, 0x8026E297L, 0xF42E312DL,
        0x6842ADA7L, 0xC66A2B3BL, 0x12754CCCL, 0x782EF11CL,
        0x6A124237L, 0xB79251E7L, 0x06A1BBE6L, 0x4BFB6350L,
        0x1A6B1018L, 0x11CAEDFAL, 0x3D25BDD8L, 0xE2E1C3C9L,
        0x44421659L, 0x0A121386L, 0xD90CEC6EL, 0xD5ABEA2AL,
        0x64AF674EL, 0xDA86A85FL, 0xBEBFE988L, 0x64E4C3FEL,
        0x9DBC8057L, 0xF0F7C086L, 0x60787BF8L, 0x6003604DL,
        0xD1FD8346L, 0xF6381FB0L, 0x7745AE04L, 0xD736FCCCL,
        0x83426B33L, 0xF01EAB71L, 0xB0804187L, 0x3C005E5FL,
        0x77A057BEL, 0xBDE8AE24L, 0x55464299L, 0xBF582E61L,
        0x4E58F48FL, 0xF2DDFDA2L, 0xF474EF38L, 0x8789BDC2L,
        0x5366F9C3L, 0xC8B38E74L, 0xB475F255L, 0x46FCD9B9L,
        0x7AEB2661L, 0x8B1DDF84L, 0x846A0E79L, 0x915F95E2L,
        0x466E598EL, 0x20B45770L, 0x8CD55591L, 0xC902DE4CL,
        0xB90BACE1L, 0xBB8205D0L, 0x11A86248L, 0x7574A99EL,
        0xB77F19B6L, 0xE0A9DC09L, 0x662D09A1L, 0xC4324633L,
        0xE85A1F02L, 0x09F0BE8CL, 0x4A99A025L, 0x1D6EFE10L,
        0x1AB93D1DL, 0x0BA5A4DFL, 0xA186F20FL, 0x2868F169L,
        0xDCB7DA83L, 0x573906FEL, 0xA1E2CE9BL, 0x4FCD7F52L,
        0x50115E01L, 0xA70683FAL, 0xA002B5C4L, 0x0DE6D027L,
        0x9AF88C27L, 0x773F8641L, 0xC3604C06L, 0x61A806B5L,
        0xF0177A28L, 0xC0F586E0L, 0x006058AAL, 0x30DC7D62L,
        0x11E69ED7L, 0x2338EA63L, 0x53C2DD94L, 0xC2C21634L,
        0xBBCBEE56L, 0x90BCB6DEL, 0xEBFC7DA1L, 0xCE591D76L,
        0x6F05E409L, 0x4B7C0188L, 0x39720A3DL, 0x7C927C24L,
        0x86E3725FL, 0x724D9DB9L, 0x1AC15BB4L, 0xD39EB8FCL,
        0xED545578L, 0x08FCA5B5L, 0xD83D7CD3L, 0x4DAD0FC4L,
        0x1E50EF5EL, 0xB161E6F8L, 0xA28514D9L, 0x6C51133CL,
        0x6FD5C7E7L, 0x56E14EC4L, 0x362ABFCEL, 0xDDC6C837L,
        0xD79A3234L, 0x92638212L, 0x670EFA8EL, 0x406000E0L,
        0x3A39CE37L, 0xD3FAF5CFL, 0xABC27737L, 0x5AC52D1BL,
        0x5CB0679EL, 0x4FA33742L, 0xD3822740L, 0x99BC9BBEL,
        0xD5118E9DL, 0xBF0F7315L, 0xD62D1C7EL, 0xC700C47BL,
        0xB78C1B6BL, 0x21A19045L, 0xB26EB1BEL, 0x6A366EB4L,
        0x5748AB2FL, 0xBC946E79L, 0xC6A376D2L, 0x6549C2C8L,
        0x530FF8EEL, 0x468DDE7DL, 0xD5730A1DL, 0x4CD04DC6L,
        0x2939BBDBL, 0xA9BA4650L, 0xAC9526E8L, 0xBE5EE304L,
        0xA1FAD5F0L, 0x6A2D519AL, 0x63EF8CE2L, 0x9A86EE22L,
        0xC089C2B8L, 0x43242EF6L, 0xA51E03AAL, 0x9CF2D0A4L,
        0x83C061BAL, 0x9BE96A4DL, 0x8FE51550L, 0xBA645BD6L,
        0x2826A2F9L, 0xA73A3AE1L, 0x4BA99586L, 0xEF5562E9L,
        0xC72FEFD3L, 0xF752F7DAL, 0x3F046F69L, 0x77FA0A59L,
        0x80E4A915L, 0x87B08601L, 0x9B09E6ADL, 0x3B3EE593L,
        0xE990FD5AL, 0x9E34D797L, 0x2CF0B7D9L, 0x022B8B51L,
        0x96D5AC3AL, 0x017DA67DL, 0xD1CF3ED6L, 0x7C7D2D28L,
        0x1F9F25CFL, 0xADF2B89BL, 0x5AD6B472L, 0x5A88F54CL,
        0xE029AC71L, 0xE019A5E6L, 0x47B0ACFDL, 0xED93FA9BL,
        0xE8D3C48DL, 0x283B57CCL, 0xF8D56629L, 0x79132E28L,
        0x785F0191L, 0xED756055L, 0xF7960E44L, 0xE3D35E8CL,
        0x15056DD4L, 0x88F46DBAL, 0x03A16125L, 0x0564F0BDL,
        0xC3EB9E15L, 0x3C9057A2L, 0x97271AECL, 0xA93A072AL,
        0x1B3F6D9BL, 0x1E6321F5L, 0xF59C66FBL, 0x26DCF319L,
        0x7533D928L, 0xB155FDF5L, 0x03563482L, 0x8ABA3CBBL,
        0x28517711L, 0xC20AD9F8L, 0xABCC5167L, 0xCCAD925FL,
        0x4DE81751L, 0x3830DC8EL, 0x379D5862L, 0x9320F991L,
        0xEA7A90C2L, 0xFB3E7BCEL, 0x5121CE64L, 0x774FBE32L,
        0xA8B6E37EL, 0xC3293D46L, 0x48DE5369L, 0x6413E680L,
        0xA2AE0810L, 0xDD6DB224L, 0x69852DFDL, 0x09072166L,
        0xB39A460AL, 0x6445C0DDL, 0x586CDECFL, 0x1C20C8AEL,
        0x5BBEF7DDL, 0x1B588D40L, 0xCCD2017FL, 0x6BB4E3BBL,
        0xDDA26A7EL, 0x3A59FF45L, 0x3E350A44L, 0xBCB4CDD5L,
        0x72EACEA8L, 0xFA6484BBL, 0x8D6612AEL, 0xBF3C6F47L,
        0xD29BE463L, 0x542F5D9EL, 0xAEC2771BL, 0xF64E6370L,
        0x740E0D8DL, 0xE75B1357L, 0xF8721671L, 0xAF537D5DL,
        0x4040CB08L, 0x4EB4E2CCL, 0x34D2466AL, 0x0115AF84L,
        0xE1B00428L, 0x95983A1DL, 0x06B89FB4L, 0xCE6EA048L,
        0x6F3F3B82L, 0x3520AB82L, 0x011A1D4BL, 0x277227F8L,
        0x611560B1L, 0xE7933FDCL, 0xBB3A792BL, 0x344525BDL,
        0xA08839E1L, 0x51CE794BL, 0x2F32C9B7L, 0xA01FBAC9L,
        0xE01CC87EL, 0xBCC7D1F6L, 0xCF0111C3L, 0xA1E8AAC7L,
        0x1A908749L, 0xD44FBD9AL, 0xD0DADECBL, 0xD50ADA38L,
        0x0339C32AL, 0xC6913667L, 0x8DF9317CL, 0xE0B12B4FL,
        0xF79E59B7L, 0x43F5BB3AL, 0xF2D519FFL, 0x27D9459CL,
        0xBF97222CL, 0x15E6FC2AL, 0x0F91FC71L, 0x9B941525L,
        0xFAE59361L, 0xCEB69CEBL, 0xC2A86459L, 0x12BAA8D1L,
        0xB6C1075EL, 0xE3056A0CL, 0x10D25065L, 0xCB03A442L,
        0xE0EC6E0EL, 0x1698DB3BL, 0x4C98A0BEL, 0x3278E964L,
        0x9F1F9532L, 0xE0D392DFL, 0xD3A0342BL, 0x8971F21EL,
        0x1B0A7441L, 0x4BA3348CL, 0xC5BE7120L, 0xC37632D8L,
        0xDF359F8DL, 0x9B992F2EL, 0xE60B6F47L, 0x0FE3F11DL,
        0xE54CDA54L, 0x1EDAD891L, 0xCE6279CFL, 0xCD3E7E6FL,
        0x1618B166L, 0xFD2C1D05L, 0x848FD2C5L, 0xF6FB2299L,
        0xF523F357L, 0xA6327623L, 0x93A83531L, 0x56CCCD02L,
        0xACF08162L, 0x5A75EBB5L, 0x6E163697L, 0x88D273CCL,
        0xDE966292L, 0x81B949D0L, 0x4C50901BL, 0x71C65614L,
        0xE6C6C7BDL, 0x327A140AL, 0x45E1D006L, 0xC3F27B9AL,
        0xC9AA53FDL, 0x62A80F00L, 0xBB25BFE2L, 0x35BDD2F6L,
        0x71126905L, 0xB2040222L, 0xB6CBCF7CL, 0xCD769C2BL,
        0x53113EC0L, 0x1640E3D3L, 0x38ABBD60L, 0x2547ADF0L,
        0xBA38209CL, 0xF746CE76L, 0x77AFA1C5L, 0x20756060L,
        0x85CBFE4EL, 0x8AE88DD8L, 0x7AAAF9B0L, 0x4CF9AA7EL,
        0x1948C25CL, 0x02FB8A8CL, 0x01C36AE4L, 0xD6EBE1F9L,
        0x90D4F869L, 0xA65CDEA0L, 0x3F09252DL, 0xC208E69FL,
        0xB74E6132L, 0xCE77E25BL, 0x578FDFE3L, 0x3AC372E6L

#define LIMIT (sizeof(pi)/4)

int fillarray( unsigned *d, int n)
	unsigned u ;
	int urandom, i, j, m ;
	struct timeval t ;

	// move items that fail test to end of list
	for( i = 0, j = LIMIT-1 ; i < j ; i++ )	{
		if( !accept(pi[i]) )	{
			// swap with last item
			swap(i,j) ;
			// take last off list
			j-- ;
	// record reduced list size
	m = j + 1 ;
	// do we have enough?
	if( m < n )
		return(0) ;

	// somewhat random initialiser
	gettimeofday(&t, NULL) ;
	srandom( pi[0] ^ (t.tv_sec+(t.tv_usec << 20)) ^ (getpid()+(getppid()<<16)) ) ;

	// put list in random order
	// algorithm from Knuth
	for( /* j is already set */ ; j > 0 ; j-- )	{
		i = random() % (j+1) ;
		if( i != j )
			swap(i,j) ;

	// copy part of randomized list to target	
	memcpy(d,pi,n*4) ;
	return(n) ;

void swap(int i, int j)
	unsigned x ;
	x = pi[i] ;
	pi[i] = pi[j] ;
	pi[j] = x ;
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