Re: close socket and TCP RST

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2012/4/12, Glynn Clements <glynn@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>:
> IIUC, he close()s a socket which has unread data. Whether the data had
> already been received when close() was called or whether it arrived
> afterwards doesn't matter.


> Normal behaviour is simply not to use close() or shutdown(SHUT_RD) if
> you expect to receive more data, e.g. wait until you have seen EOF
> (i.e. read(), recv() etc return a zero count) before closing the read
> side of the socket.

I don't care about these data. I don't want to read them. If there are
too much data after the client sent a QUIT command, it have to receive
a RST.

> AFAIK, there is no way to make close() or shutdown(SHUT_RD) silently
> discard subsequent inbound data.

And that's ok because that's not what I want. :)

> Alternatives include:
> 1. ACK and discard the data. But then there would be no way for the
> sender to identify that it's writing to a closed socket.


> 2. Do nothing. The receive buffer will fill, the window will close,
> and the sender will block until someone kills it (it won't time out
> because probes will still be met with an ACK of the last byte which
> fitted into the buffer).
> If the OP wants to send outstanding data, but doesn't want to wait for
> EOF from the sender, the solution is to use SO_LINGER with a long
> timeout and shutdown(SHUT_WR). The shutdown() won't return until the
> FIN (and everything before it) has been ACK'd. At that point, he can
> just close() the socket; presumably it won't matter if subsequent data
> results in a RST (if it does matter, there is no alternative to
> reading until EOF).

Actually, shutdown(SHUT_RDWR) do the trick since shutdown(SHUT_WR)
forces the unsent data to be actually sent with a FIN flag.
And since shutdown(SHUT_RDWR) send the outstanding data, why don't
close() do the same? I don't get it.

And of course, calling close() after shutdown() send a RST because of
the unread data.

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