RE: [PATCH] mmc: sd: UHS-I bus speed should be set last in UHS initialization

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> -----Original Message-----
> From: Subhash Jadavani [mailto:subhashj@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx]
> Sent: Tuesday, August 02, 2011 2:43 PM
> To: Nath, Arindam; 'Chris Ball'
> Cc: linux-mmc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; linux-arm-msm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; 'Philip
> Rakity'; 'zhangfei gao'
> Subject: RE: [PATCH] mmc: sd: UHS-I bus speed should be set last in UHS
> initialization
> 
> Hi Arindam,
> 
> Thank you for the review. Please find few comments inline.
> 
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Nath, Arindam [mailto:Arindam.Nath@xxxxxxx]
> > Sent: Tuesday, August 02, 2011 12:38 PM
> > To: Chris Ball; Subhash Jadavani
> > Cc: linux-mmc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; linux-arm-msm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; Philip
> > Rakity; zhangfei gao
> > Subject: RE: [PATCH] mmc: sd: UHS-I bus speed should be set last in
> UHS
> > initialization
> >
> > Hi Subhash,
> >
> >
> > > -----Original Message-----
> > > From: Chris Ball [mailto:cjb@xxxxxxxxxx]
> > > Sent: Tuesday, August 02, 2011 1:40 AM
> > > To: Subhash Jadavani
> > > Cc: linux-mmc@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; linux-arm-msm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; Nath,
> > > Arindam
> > > Subject: Re: [PATCH] mmc: sd: UHS-I bus speed should be set last in
> > UHS
> > > initialization
> > >
> > > Hi Subhash, adding Arindam for review,
> > >
> > > On Mon, Aug 01 2011, Subhash Jadavani wrote:
> > > > mmc_sd_init_uhs_card function sets the driver type, current limit
> > > > and bus speed mode on card as well as on host controller side.
> > > >
> > > > Currently bus speed mode is set by sending CMD6 to card and
> > > > immediately setting the timing mode in host controller. But
> > > > then before initiating tuning sequence, it also tries to set
> > > > current limit by sending CMD6 to card which results in data
> > > > timeout errors in controller if bus speed mode is SDR50/SDR104
> > mode.
> > > >
> > > > So basically bus speed mode should be set only after current
> limit
> > > > is set in the card and immediately after setting the bus speed
> > mode,
> > > > tuning sequence should be initiated.
> > > >
> > > > Signed-off-by: Subhash Jadavani <subhashj@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> > > > ---
> > > >  drivers/mmc/core/sd.c |   57 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> --
> > --
> > > ---------
> > > >  1 files changed, 38 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)
> > > >
> > > > diff --git a/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c b/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c
> > > > index ff27741..d257496 100644
> > > > --- a/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c
> > > > +++ b/drivers/mmc/core/sd.c
> > > > @@ -459,10 +459,9 @@ static int sd_select_driver_type(struct
> > mmc_card
> > > *card, u8 *status)
> > > >  	return 0;
> > > >  }
> > > >
> > > > -static int sd_set_bus_speed_mode(struct mmc_card *card, u8
> > *status)
> > > > +static int sd_get_bus_speed_mode(struct mmc_card *card)
> > > >  {
> > > > -	unsigned int bus_speed = 0, timing = 0;
> > > > -	int err;
> > > > +	int bus_speed = 0;
> > > >
> > > >  	/*
> > > >  	 * If the host doesn't support any of the UHS-I modes,
> fallback
> > > on
> > > > @@ -470,37 +469,56 @@ static int sd_set_bus_speed_mode(struct
> > > mmc_card *card, u8 *status)
> > > >  	 */
> > > >  	if (!(card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR12 |
> MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR25 |
> > > >  	    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 |
> MMC_CAP_UHS_DDR50)))
> > > > -		return 0;
> > > > +		return -EINVAL;
> >
> > We should not return -EINVAL here, because this is not an error
> > condition. This would simply mean that the card and host controller
> > will fall back to using the default bus speed, and should still be
> > operable. Check the comment below too.
> 
> Return value of this function gets used in sd_set_bus_speed_mode()
> function
> and compared against all the valid bus speed modes. If we choose to
> return 0
> from here then '0' corresponds to valid bus speed mode
> 'UHS_SDR12_BUS_SPEED'.
> 
> #define UHS_SDR12_BUS_SPEED     0
> #define UHS_SDR25_BUS_SPEED     1
> #define UHS_SDR50_BUS_SPEED     2
> #define UHS_SDR104_BUS_SPEED    3
> #define UHS_DDR50_BUS_SPEED     4
> 
> If we don't want to return the error value from this function then we
> can
> basically remove following check from this *get* function and move it
> to
> each *set* function before calling *get*. Please see more comments
> inline in
> *set* functions below.
> 
> if (!(card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR12 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR25 |
> 	    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 | MMC_CAP_UHS_DDR50)))
> 		return -EINVAL;

By *Default Bus Speed*, I meant speed corresponding to SDR12. So if we return 0 from sd_get_bus_speed_mode(), that would make sure that your modified sd_set_bus_speed_mode()  correctly executes the last *else if* condition, and we set the default speed. So I don't think we will need to return -EINVAL.

> 
> >
> > > >
> > > >  	if ((card->host->caps & MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104) &&
> > > >  	    (card->sw_caps.sd3_bus_mode & SD_MODE_UHS_SDR104)) {
> > > >  			bus_speed = UHS_SDR104_BUS_SPEED;
> > > > -			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR104;
> > > > -			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR104_MAX_DTR;
> > > >  	} else if ((card->host->caps & MMC_CAP_UHS_DDR50) &&
> > > >  		   (card->sw_caps.sd3_bus_mode & SD_MODE_UHS_DDR50))
> {
> > > >  			bus_speed = UHS_DDR50_BUS_SPEED;
> > > > -			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_DDR50;
> > > > -			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_DDR50_MAX_DTR;
> > > >  	} else if ((card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 |
> > > >  		    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50)) && (card-
> >sw_caps.sd3_bus_mode &
> > > >  		    SD_MODE_UHS_SDR50)) {
> > > >  			bus_speed = UHS_SDR50_BUS_SPEED;
> > > > -			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR50;
> > > > -			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR50_MAX_DTR;
> > > >  	} else if ((card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 |
> > > >  		    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR25)) &&
> > > >  		   (card->sw_caps.sd3_bus_mode & SD_MODE_UHS_SDR25))
> {
> > > >  			bus_speed = UHS_SDR25_BUS_SPEED;
> > > > -			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR25;
> > > > -			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR25_MAX_DTR;
> > > >  	} else if ((card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 |
> > > >  		    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR25 |
> > > >  		    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR12)) && (card-
> >sw_caps.sd3_bus_mode &
> > > >  		    SD_MODE_UHS_SDR12)) {
> > > >  			bus_speed = UHS_SDR12_BUS_SPEED;
> > > > +	}
> > > > +
> > > > +	return bus_speed;
> > > > +}
> > > > +
> > > > +static int sd_set_bus_speed_mode(struct mmc_card *card, u8
> > *status)
> > > > +{
> > > > +	int err, bus_speed;
> > > > +	unsigned int timing = 0;
> > > > +
> 
> We need add this check here.
> 
> 	if (!(card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR12 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR25 |
>   		    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 |
> MMC_CAP_UHS_DDR50)))
> 			return 0;

Actually my very first patches returned directly from this function for the above condition. But if I remember correctly, Philip suggested that we should set the default speed too, so the *else if* clause below would take care of that.

> 
> 
> > > > +	bus_speed = sd_get_bus_speed_mode(card);
> > > > +
> > > > +	if (bus_speed == UHS_SDR104_BUS_SPEED) {
> > > > +			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR104;
> > > > +			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR104_MAX_DTR;
> > > > +	} else if (bus_speed == UHS_DDR50_BUS_SPEED) {
> > > > +			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_DDR50;
> > > > +			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_DDR50_MAX_DTR;
> > > > +	} else if (bus_speed == UHS_SDR50_BUS_SPEED) {
> > > > +			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR50;
> > > > +			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR50_MAX_DTR;
> > > > +	} else if (bus_speed == UHS_SDR25_BUS_SPEED) {
> > > > +			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR25;
> > > > +			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR25_MAX_DTR;
> > > > +	} else if (bus_speed == UHS_SDR12_BUS_SPEED) {
> > > >  			timing = MMC_TIMING_UHS_SDR12;
> > > >  			card->sw_caps.uhs_max_dtr = UHS_SDR12_MAX_DTR;
> > > > +	} else {
> > > > +		return -EINVAL;
> > > >  	}
> > >
> > > Minor change: I think "switch (sd_get_bus_speed_mode(card))" would
> be
> > > cleaner.
> 
> Yes, we can replace it with switch. I will do it next patch rev.
> 
> > >
> > > >
> > > >  	card->sd_bus_speed = bus_speed;
> > > > @@ -522,6 +540,7 @@ static int sd_set_bus_speed_mode(struct
> > mmc_card
> > > *card, u8 *status)
> > > >  static int sd_set_current_limit(struct mmc_card *card, u8
> *status)
> > > >  {
> > > >  	int current_limit = 0;
> > > > +	unsigned int bus_speed = sd_get_bus_speed_mode(card);
> > > >  	int err;
> 
> We need add this check here.
> 
> 	if (!(card->host->caps & (MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR12 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR25 |
>   		    MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR50 | MMC_CAP_UHS_SDR104 |
> MMC_CAP_UHS_DDR50)))
> 			return 0;

Setting current limit is little different. As per section 4.3.10.3 of the Physical Layer Spec v3.01, Current Limit is only set for SDR50, SDR104, and DDR50 modes. For SDR12 and SDR25, we need to set the current limit of 200mA. So I don't think we should directly return from here.

> 
> > > >
> > > >  	/*
> > > > @@ -529,9 +548,9 @@ static int sd_set_current_limit(struct
> mmc_card
> > > *card, u8 *status)
> > > >  	 * bus speed modes. For other bus speed modes, we set the
> default
> > > >  	 * current limit of 200mA.
> > > >  	 */
> > > > -	if ((card->sd_bus_speed == UHS_SDR50_BUS_SPEED) ||
> > > > -	    (card->sd_bus_speed == UHS_SDR104_BUS_SPEED) ||
> > > > -	    (card->sd_bus_speed == UHS_DDR50_BUS_SPEED)) {
> > > > +	if ((bus_speed == UHS_SDR50_BUS_SPEED) ||
> > > > +	    (bus_speed == UHS_SDR104_BUS_SPEED) ||
> > > > +	    (bus_speed == UHS_DDR50_BUS_SPEED)) {
> > > >  		if (card->host->caps & MMC_CAP_MAX_CURRENT_800) {
> > > >  			if (card->sw_caps.sd3_curr_limit &
> > > SD_MAX_CURRENT_800)
> > > >  				current_limit = SD_SET_CURRENT_LIMIT_800;
> > > > @@ -613,13 +632,13 @@ static int mmc_sd_init_uhs_card(struct
> > mmc_card
> > > *card)
> > > >  	if (err)
> > > >  		goto out;
> > > >
> > > > -	/* Set bus speed mode of the card */
> > > > -	err = sd_set_bus_speed_mode(card, status);
> > > > +	/* Set current limit for the card */
> > > > +	err = sd_set_current_limit(card, status);
> > > >  	if (err)
> > > >  		goto out;
> > > >
> > > > -	/* Set current limit for the card */
> > > > -	err = sd_set_current_limit(card, status);
> > > > +	/* Set bus speed mode of the card */
> > > > +	err = sd_set_bus_speed_mode(card, status);
> >
> > Now supposing that we return -EINVAL here, then that would imply that
> > mmc_sd_init_uhs_card() failed, but that should not be the case. Like
> I
> > mentioned before, the card should still be operable using default
> speed
> > mode.
> 
> When you say Default speed mode, does it mean SDR12 mode?

Yes.

> 
> Thanks,
> Subhash
> 
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Arindam
> >
> > > >  	if (err)
> > > >  		goto out;
> > > >
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > >
> > > - Chris.
> > > --
> > > Chris Ball   <cjb@xxxxxxxxxx>   <http://printf.net/>
> > > One Laptop Per Child
> >
> 
> 


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