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Help about a QoS configuration

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Hi, I would like to make a QoS configuration on a linux based dsl router. It is for a server, so I want to shape outgoing traffic, incoming traffic should not be a problem as long as I have a quite assymetric connection. I would like to achieve the following goals:
 
1) To have one class (p2p) having all the available bandwith if there is no activity on other classes.
2) If another class (ftp server), starts to transmit, to take it all the available bandwith except for, say 20 KB/s, reserved for p2p.
3) If a third class (ssh, web), starts to transmit, again, to take all the available bandwith except for the 20KB/s for p2p and 40 KB/s for ftp.
etc...
 
I have an upload link that varies from 700kbit to 1000kbit depending on the negotiation of the line. I wouldn't like to artificially underlimit it to work properly, remember that I'm doing the shaping on the same router, on the real (nas0) interface, so in this case the speed of the interface is the speed of the link, and I think that it's shouldn't be necessary to slow down the upload speed... am I wrong?
 
The case is that I have tried to achieve this goals with several configurations of htb, but none of them has worked as I expected. I set the rate of the p2p class to 20KB/s and a higer one for ftp (40KB/s for example), and also a higher priority. But when the ftp class begin to transmit, the p2p class still remains borrowing from the paren over 20KB/s while the ftp class is below its rate. I set the rate of the parent to 1000kbit. Is this behaviour normal? Is there any other way to achive the above goals?
 
Thanks in advance for your help and your attention.
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