Re: [PATCH v4] KVM: Introduce direct MSI message injection for in-kernel irqchips

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]


On Tue, Apr 03, 2012 at 06:47:49PM +0200, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> On 2012-04-03 18:27, Avi Kivity wrote:
> > On 03/29/2012 09:14 PM, Jan Kiszka wrote:
> >> Currently, MSI messages can only be injected to in-kernel irqchips by
> >> defining a corresponding IRQ route for each message. This is not only
> >> unhandy if the MSI messages are generated "on the fly" by user space,
> >> IRQ routes are a limited resource that user space has to manage
> >> carefully.
> >>
> >> By providing a direct injection path, we can both avoid using up limited
> >> resources and simplify the necessary steps for user land.
> >>
> >> diff --git a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
> >> index 81ff39f..ed27d1b 100644
> >> --- a/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
> >> +++ b/Documentation/virtual/kvm/api.txt
> >> @@ -1482,6 +1482,27 @@ See KVM_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ for the data structure.  The target device is specified
> >>  by assigned_dev_id.  In the flags field, only KVM_DEV_ASSIGN_MASK_INTX is
> >>  evaluated.
> >>  
> >> +4.61 KVM_SIGNAL_MSI
> >> +
> >> +Capability: KVM_CAP_SIGNAL_MSI
> >> +Architectures: x86
> >> +Type: vm ioctl
> >> +Parameters: struct kvm_msi (in)
> >> +Returns: >0 on delivery, 0 if guest blocked the MSI, and -1 on error
> >> +
> >> +Directly inject a MSI message. Only valid with in-kernel irqchip that handles
> >> +MSI messages.
> >> +
> >> +struct kvm_msi {
> >> +	__u32 address_lo;
> >> +	__u32 address_hi;
> >> +	__u32 data;
> >> +	__u32 flags;
> >> +	__u8  pad[16];
> >> +};
> >> +
> >> +No flags are defined so far. The corresponding field must be 0.
> >>
> > 
> > There are two ways in which this can be generalized:
> > 
> > struct kvm_general_irq {
> >       __u32 type; // line | MSI
> >       __u32 op;  // raise/lower/trigger
> >       union {
> >                  ... line;
> >                  struct kvm_msi msi;
> >       }
> > };
> > 
> > so we have a single ioctl for all interrupt handling.  This allows
> > eventual removal of the line-oriented ioctls.
> > 
> > The other alternative is to have a dma interface, similar to the kvm_run
> > mmio interface but with the kernel acting as destination.  The advantage
> > here is that we can handle dma from a device to any kernel-emulated
> > device, not just the APIC MSI range.  A downside is that we can't return
> > values related to interrupt coalescing.
> 
> Due to lacking injection feedback, I'm in favor of option 1. Will have a
> look.
> 
> > 
> > A performance note: delivering an interrupt needs to search all vcpus
> > for an APIC ID match.  The previous plan was to cache (or pre-calculate)
> > this lookup in the irq routing table.  Now it looks like we'll need a
> > separate cache for this.
> 
> As this is non-existent until today, we don't regress here. And it can
> still be added on top later on, transparently.

I always worry about hash collisions and the cost of
calculating good hash functions.

We could instead return an index in the cache on injection, maintain in
userspace and use it for fast path on the next injection.
Will make it easy to use an array index instead of a hash here,
and fallback to a slower ID lookup on mismatch.

Until we do have this fast path we can just fill this value with zeros,
so kernel patch (almost) does not need to change for this -
just the header.

> > 
> > (yes, I said on the call I don't anticipate objections but preparing to
> > apply a patch always triggers more critical thinking)
> > 
> 
> Well, we make progress, though slower than I was hoping. :)
> 
> Jan
> 
> -- 
> Siemens AG, Corporate Technology, CT T DE IT 1
> Corporate Competence Center Embedded Linux
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe kvm" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html


[KVM ARM]     [KVM ia64]     [KVM ppc]     [Spice Development]     [Libvirt]     [Libvirt Users]     [Linux USB Devel]     [Video for Linux]     [Linux Audio Users]     [Photo]     [Yosemite News]    [Yosemite Photos]    [Linux Kernel]     [Linux SCSI]     [XFree86]

Add to Google Powered by Linux