[PATCH 07/23] perf: Add ability to attach user stack dump to sample

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Introducing PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER sample type bit to trigger
the dump of the user level stack on sample. The size of the
dump is specified by sample_stack_user value.

Being able to dump parts of the user stack, starting from the
stack pointer, will be useful to make a post mortem dwarf CFI
based stack unwinding.

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 include/linux/perf_event.h |   18 ++++++-
 kernel/events/core.c       |  120 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 2 files changed, 136 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/perf_event.h b/include/linux/perf_event.h
index 024a822..62d6743 100644
--- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -131,8 +131,9 @@ enum perf_event_sample_format {
 	PERF_SAMPLE_RAW				= 1U << 10,
 	PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_STACK		= 1U << 11,
 	PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER			= 1U << 12,
+	PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER			= 1U << 13,
 
-	PERF_SAMPLE_MAX = 1U << 13,		/* non-ABI */
+	PERF_SAMPLE_MAX = 1U << 14,		/* non-ABI */
 };
 
 /*
@@ -196,6 +197,7 @@ enum perf_event_read_format {
 #define PERF_ATTR_SIZE_VER1	72	/* add: config2 */
 #define PERF_ATTR_SIZE_VER2	80	/* add: branch_sample_type */
 #define PERF_ATTR_SIZE_VER3	88	/* add: sample_regs_user */
+#define PERF_ATTR_SIZE_VER4	96	/* add: sample_stack_user */
 
 /*
  * Hardware event_id to monitor via a performance monitoring event:
@@ -280,6 +282,14 @@ struct perf_event_attr {
 	 * See asm/perf_regs.h for details.
 	 */
 	__u64	sample_regs_user;
+
+	/*
+	 * Defines size of the user stack to dump on samples.
+	 */
+	__u32	sample_stack_user;
+
+	/* Align to u64. */
+	__u32	__reserved_2;
 };
 
 /*
@@ -559,6 +569,10 @@ enum perf_event_type {
 	 *
 	 * 	{ u64			available;
 	 * 	  u64			regs[weight(mask)]; } && PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER
+	 *
+	 * 	{ u64			size;
+	 * 	  char			data[size];
+	 * 	  u64			dyn_size; } && PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER
 	 * };
 	 */
 	PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE			= 9,
@@ -1144,6 +1158,7 @@ struct perf_sample_data {
 	struct perf_raw_record		*raw;
 	struct perf_branch_stack	*br_stack;
 	struct pt_regs			*regs_user;
+	u64				stack_user_size;
 };
 
 static inline void perf_sample_data_init(struct perf_sample_data *data,
@@ -1155,6 +1170,7 @@ static inline void perf_sample_data_init(struct perf_sample_data *data,
 	data->br_stack = NULL;
 	data->period = period;
 	data->regs_user = NULL;
+	data->stack_user_size = 0;
 }
 
 extern void perf_output_sample(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 7df37e0..68c1f02 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -3765,6 +3765,45 @@ perf_output_sample_regs(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
 	}
 }
 
+static void
+perf_output_sample_ustack(struct perf_output_handle *handle, u64 dump_size,
+			  struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	/* Case of a kernel thread, nothing to dump */
+	if (!regs) {
+		u64 size = 0;
+		perf_output_put(handle, size);
+	} else {
+		unsigned long sp;
+		unsigned int rem;
+		u64 dyn_size;
+
+		/*
+		 * We dump:
+		 * static size
+		 *   - the size requested by user or the best one we can fit
+		 *     in to the sample max size
+		 * data
+		 *   - user stack dump data
+		 * dynamic size
+		 *   - the actual dumped size
+		 */
+
+		/* Static size. */
+		perf_output_put(handle, dump_size);
+
+		/* Data. */
+		sp = user_stack_pointer(regs);
+		rem = __output_copy_user(handle, (void *) sp, dump_size);
+		dyn_size = dump_size - rem;
+
+		perf_output_skip(handle, rem);
+
+		/* Dynamic size. */
+		perf_output_put(handle, dyn_size);
+	}
+}
+
 static struct pt_regs *perf_sample_regs_user(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 	if (!user_mode(regs)) {
@@ -4054,6 +4093,11 @@ void perf_output_sample(struct perf_output_handle *handle,
 						mask);
 		}
 	}
+
+	if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER)
+		perf_output_sample_ustack(handle,
+					  data->stack_user_size,
+					  data->regs_user);
 }
 
 void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header,
@@ -4118,6 +4162,65 @@ void perf_prepare_sample(struct perf_event_header *header,
 
 		header->size += size;
 	}
+
+	if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER) {
+		/*
+		 * A first field that tells the _static_ size of the
+		 * dump. 0 if there is nothing to dump (ie: we are in
+		 * a kernel thread) otherwise the requested size.
+		 */
+		u16 size = sizeof(u64);
+		u16 stack_size = 0;
+
+		if (!data->regs_user)
+			data->regs_user = perf_sample_regs_user(regs);
+
+		/*
+		 * If there is something to dump, add space for the
+		 * dump itself and for the field that tells the
+		 * dynamic size, which is how many have been actually
+		 * dumped.
+		 */
+		if (data->regs_user) {
+			/*
+			 * XXX We need to check if we fit in with the
+			 * requested stack size into the sample. If we
+			 * don't, we customize the stack size to fit in.
+			 *
+			 * Either we need PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER bit to
+			 * be allways processed as the last one or have
+			 * additional check added in case new sample type
+			 * is added, because we could eat up the rest of
+			 * the sample size.
+			 */
+
+			u16 header_size = header->size;
+
+			stack_size = (u16) event->attr.sample_stack_user;
+
+			/*
+			 * Current header size plus static size and
+			 * dynamic size.
+			 */
+			header_size += 2 * sizeof(u64);
+
+			/* Do we fit in with the current stack dump size? */
+			if ((u16) (header_size + stack_size) < header_size) {
+				/*
+				 * If we overflow the maximum size for the
+				 * sample, we customize the stack dump size
+				 * to fit in.
+				 */
+				stack_size = USHRT_MAX - header_size - sizeof(u64);
+				stack_size = round_up(stack_size, sizeof(u64));
+			}
+
+			size += sizeof(u64) + stack_size;
+		}
+
+		data->stack_user_size = stack_size;
+		header->size += size;
+	}
 }
 
 static void perf_event_output(struct perf_event *event,
@@ -6168,8 +6271,23 @@ static int perf_copy_attr(struct perf_event_attr __user *uattr,
 		}
 	}
 
-	if (attr->sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER)
+	if (attr->sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER) {
 		ret = perf_reg_validate(attr->sample_regs_user);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (attr->sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER) {
+		/*
+		 * We have __u32 type for the size, but so far
+		 * we can only use __u16 as maximum due to the
+		 * __u16 sample size limit.
+		 */
+		if (attr->sample_stack_user >= USHRT_MAX)
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+		else if (!IS_ALIGNED(attr->sample_stack_user, sizeof(u64)))
+			ret = -EINVAL;
+	}
 
 out:
 	return ret;
-- 
1.7.7.6

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