Re: [PATCH] open(2): document O_PATH

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Hi Mike,

[Al, Aneesh, there is a question for you below]

On Sun, Apr 29, 2012 at 3:25 PM, Mike Frysinger <vapier@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Signed-off-by: Mike Frysinger <vapier@xxxxxxxxxx>
> ---
>  man2/open.2 |   16 +++++++++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> diff --git a/man2/open.2 b/man2/open.2
> index a655fae..61689cf 100644
> --- a/man2/open.2
> +++ b/man2/open.2
> @@ -47,7 +47,6 @@
>  .\" FIXME . Apr 08: The next POSIX revision has O_EXEC, O_SEARCH, and
>  .\" O_TTYINIT.  Eventually these may need to be documented.  --mtk
>  .\" FIXME Linux 2.6.33 has O_DSYNC, and a hidden __O_SYNC.
> -.\" FIXME: Linux 2.6.39 added O_PATH
>  .\"
>  .TH OPEN 2 2012-02-27 "Linux" "Linux Programmer's Manual"
> @@ -428,6 +427,21 @@ For a discussion of the effect of
>  in conjunction with mandatory file locks and with file leases, see
>  .BR fcntl (2).
>  .TP
> +.B O_PATH
> +The path is opened for accessing its file attributes only.  Since the file
> +itself is not opened, most operations (such as
> +.BR read (2)
> +or
> +.BR write (2))
> +will return
> +.BR EBADF .
> +You may however use functions that operate on the file descriptor itself
> +such as
> +.BR close (2),
> +functions that duplicate file descriptors, and as the dirfd argument with
> +all the *at style of functions (e.g.
> +.BR openat (2)).
> +.TP
>  .B O_SYNC
>  The file is opened for synchronous I/O.
>  Any

Thanks for the prod. Adding this has been on my list for a while.
There's actually quite a lot more to say, and I've written the patch
below. Could you check it over.

Al, Aneesh, there is one question for you in a FIXME below. Could you
take a look please?



--- a/man2/open.2
+++ b/man2/open.2
@@ -428,6 +427,66 @@ For a discussion of the effect of
 in conjunction with mandatory file locks and with file leases, see
 .BR fcntl (2).
+.BR O_PATH " (since Linux 2.6.39)"
+.\" commit 1abf0c718f15a56a0a435588d1b104c7a37dc9bd
+Obtain a file descriptor that is used only for fetching file attributes.
+The file itself is not opened, and most file operations (e.g.,
+.BR read (2),
+.BR write (2))
+fail with the error
+The following operations
+.I can
+be performed on the resulting file descriptor:
+.IP * 3
+Closing the file descriptor
+.RB ( close (2)).
+.\" FIXME Commit 1abf0c718f15a56a0a435588d1b104c7a37dc9bdcw
+.\" message says that closing the file descriptor does not affect
+.\" POSIX locks or dnotify.
+.\" However, my testing shows that it DOES affect dnotify (and inotify).
+.\" Does close() affect POSIX locks?
+.IP *
+Duplicating the file descriptor
+.RB ( dup (2),
+.BR fcntl (2)
+.IP *
+Getting and setting file descriptor flags
+.RB ( fcntl (2)
+.IP *
+Passing the file descriptor as the
+.IR dirfd
+argument of
+.BR openat (2)
+and the other "*at()" system calls.
+.IP *
+Passing the file descriptor to another process via a UNIX domain socket
+.BR unix (7)).
+is specified in
+.IR flags ,
+flag bits other than
+are ignored.
+If the
+flag is specified,
+then the call returns a file descriptor referring to the symbolic link.
 The file is opened for synchronous I/O.
@@ -612,8 +671,9 @@ SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.
 flags are Linux-specific, and one may need to define
 (before including

Michael Kerrisk
Linux man-pages maintainer;
Author of "The Linux Programming Interface";
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