[PATCHv22 12/16] mm: trigger page reclaim in alloc_contig_range() to stabilise watermarks

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alloc_contig_range() performs memory allocation so it also should keep
track on keeping the correct level of memory watermarks. This commit adds
a call to *_slowpath style reclaim to grab enough pages to make sure that
the final collection of contiguous pages from freelists will not starve
the system.

Signed-off-by: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@xxxxxxxxxxx>
CC: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@xxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Rob Clark <rob.clark@xxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Ohad Ben-Cohen <ohad@xxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Benjamin Gaignard <benjamin.gaignard@xxxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Robert Nelson <robertcnelson@xxxxxxxxx>
 include/linux/mmzone.h |    9 +++++++
 mm/page_alloc.c        |   62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 71 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 82f4fa5..6a6c2cc 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -63,8 +63,10 @@ enum {
 #ifdef CONFIG_CMA
 #  define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA)
+#  define cma_wmark_pages(zone)	zone->min_cma_pages
 #  define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false
+#  define cma_wmark_pages(zone) 0
 #define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \
@@ -371,6 +373,13 @@ struct zone {
 	/* see spanned/present_pages for more description */
 	seqlock_t		span_seqlock;
+#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
+	/*
+	 * CMA needs to increase watermark levels during the allocation
+	 * process to make sure that the system is not starved.
+	 */
+	unsigned long		min_cma_pages;
 	struct free_area	free_area[MAX_ORDER];
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index e42b4a3..443f623 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -5035,6 +5035,11 @@ static void __setup_per_zone_wmarks(void)
 		zone->watermark[WMARK_LOW]  = min_wmark_pages(zone) + (tmp >> 2);
 		zone->watermark[WMARK_HIGH] = min_wmark_pages(zone) + (tmp >> 1);
+		zone->watermark[WMARK_MIN] += cma_wmark_pages(zone);
+		zone->watermark[WMARK_LOW] += cma_wmark_pages(zone);
+		zone->watermark[WMARK_HIGH] += cma_wmark_pages(zone);
 		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
@@ -5637,6 +5642,56 @@ static int __alloc_contig_migrate_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
 	return ret > 0 ? 0 : ret;
+ * Update zone's cma pages counter used for watermark level calculation.
+ */
+static inline void __update_cma_watermarks(struct zone *zone, int count)
+	unsigned long flags;
+	spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
+	zone->min_cma_pages += count;
+	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
+	setup_per_zone_wmarks();
+ * Trigger memory pressure bump to reclaim some pages in order to be able to
+ * allocate 'count' pages in single page units. Does similar work as
+ *__alloc_pages_slowpath() function.
+ */
+static int __reclaim_pages(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, int count)
+	enum zone_type high_zoneidx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask);
+	struct zonelist *zonelist = node_zonelist(0, gfp_mask);
+	int did_some_progress = 0;
+	int order = 1;
+	unsigned long watermark;
+	/*
+	 * Increase level of watermarks to force kswapd do his job
+	 * to stabilise at new watermark level.
+	 */
+	__update_cma_watermarks(zone, count);
+	/* Obey watermarks as if the page was being allocated */
+	watermark = low_wmark_pages(zone) + count;
+	while (!zone_watermark_ok(zone, 0, watermark, 0, 0)) {
+		wake_all_kswapd(order, zonelist, high_zoneidx, zone_idx(zone));
+		did_some_progress = __perform_reclaim(gfp_mask, order, zonelist,
+						      NULL);
+		if (!did_some_progress) {
+			/* Exhausted what can be done so it's blamo time */
+			out_of_memory(zonelist, gfp_mask, order, NULL);
+		}
+	}
+	/* Restore original watermark levels. */
+	__update_cma_watermarks(zone, -count);
+	return count;
  * alloc_contig_range() -- tries to allocate given range of pages
  * @start:	start PFN to allocate
@@ -5735,6 +5790,13 @@ int alloc_contig_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end,
 		goto done;
+	/*
+	 * Reclaim enough pages to make sure that contiguous allocation
+	 * will not starve the system.
+	 */
+	__reclaim_pages(zone, GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, end-start);
+	/* Grab isolated pages from freelists. */
 	outer_end = isolate_freepages_range(outer_start, end);
 	if (!outer_end) {
 		ret = -EBUSY;

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