[tip:perf/uprobes] uprobes/core: Clean up, refactor and improve the code

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Commit-ID:  7b2d81d48a2d8e37efb6ce7b4d5ef58822b30d89
Gitweb:     http://git.kernel.org/tip/7b2d81d48a2d8e37efb6ce7b4d5ef58822b30d89
Author:     Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxx>
AuthorDate: Fri, 17 Feb 2012 09:27:41 +0100
Committer:  Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxx>
CommitDate: Fri, 17 Feb 2012 10:18:07 +0100

uprobes/core: Clean up, refactor and improve the code

Make the uprobes code readable to me:

 - improve the Kconfig text so that a mere mortal gets some idea
   what CONFIG_UPROBES=y is really about

 - do trivial renames to standardize around the uprobes_*() namespace

 - clean up and simplify various code flow details

 - separate basic blocks of functionality

 - line break artifact and white space related removal

 - use standard local varible definition blocks

 - use vertical spacing to make things more readable

 - remove unnecessary volatile

 - restructure comment blocks to make them more uniform and
   more readable in general

Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jim Keniston <jkenisto@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Anton Arapov <anton@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@xxxxxxxxxx>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-ewbwhb8o6navvllsauu7k07p@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxx>
---
 arch/Kconfig                   |   14 ++-
 arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h |   17 ++--
 arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c      |  129 ++++++++++++-----------
 include/linux/uprobes.h        |   28 +++---
 kernel/uprobes.c               |  219 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 mm/mmap.c                      |   12 +-
 6 files changed, 233 insertions(+), 186 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 284f589..cca5b54 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -66,13 +66,19 @@ config OPTPROBES
 	depends on !PREEMPT
 
 config UPROBES
-	bool "User-space probes (EXPERIMENTAL)"
+	bool "Transparent user-space probes (EXPERIMENTAL)"
 	depends on ARCH_SUPPORTS_UPROBES
 	default n
 	help
-	  Uprobes enables kernel subsystems to establish probepoints
-	  in user applications and execute handler functions when
-	  the probepoints are hit.
+	  Uprobes is the user-space counterpart to kprobes: they
+	  enable instrumentation applications (such as 'perf probe')
+	  to establish unintrusive probes in user-space binaries and
+	  libraries, by executing handler functions when the probes
+	  are hit by user-space applications.
+
+	  ( These probes come in the form of single-byte breakpoints,
+	    managed by the kernel and kept transparent to the probed
+	    application. )
 
 	  If in doubt, say "N".
 
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h
index 8208234..072df39 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uprobes.h
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 #ifndef _ASM_UPROBES_H
 #define _ASM_UPROBES_H
 /*
- * Userspace Probes (UProbes) for x86
+ * User-space Probes (UProbes) for x86
  *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
@@ -24,19 +24,20 @@
  */
 
 typedef u8 uprobe_opcode_t;
-#define MAX_UINSN_BYTES 16
-#define UPROBES_XOL_SLOT_BYTES	128	/* to keep it cache aligned */
 
-#define UPROBES_BKPT_INSN 0xcc
-#define UPROBES_BKPT_INSN_SIZE 1
+#define MAX_UINSN_BYTES			  16
+#define UPROBES_XOL_SLOT_BYTES		 128	/* to keep it cache aligned */
+
+#define UPROBES_BKPT_INSN		0xcc
+#define UPROBES_BKPT_INSN_SIZE		   1
 
 struct uprobe_arch_info {
-	u16			fixups;
+	u16				fixups;
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-	unsigned long rip_rela_target_address;
+	unsigned long			rip_rela_target_address;
 #endif
 };
 
 struct uprobe;
-extern int analyze_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe);
+extern int arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe);
 #endif	/* _ASM_UPROBES_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c b/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
index 2a301bb..cf2a184 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/uprobes.c
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Userspace Probes (UProbes) for x86
+ * User-space Probes (UProbes) for x86
  *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
@@ -20,7 +20,6 @@
  *	Srikar Dronamraju
  *	Jim Keniston
  */
-
 #include <linux/kernel.h>
 #include <linux/sched.h>
 #include <linux/ptrace.h>
@@ -42,10 +41,10 @@
 #define UPROBES_FIX_RIP_CX	0x4000
 
 /* Adaptations for mhiramat x86 decoder v14. */
-#define OPCODE1(insn) ((insn)->opcode.bytes[0])
-#define OPCODE2(insn) ((insn)->opcode.bytes[1])
-#define OPCODE3(insn) ((insn)->opcode.bytes[2])
-#define MODRM_REG(insn) X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.value)
+#define OPCODE1(insn)		((insn)->opcode.bytes[0])
+#define OPCODE2(insn)		((insn)->opcode.bytes[1])
+#define OPCODE3(insn)		((insn)->opcode.bytes[2])
+#define MODRM_REG(insn)		X86_MODRM_REG(insn->modrm.value)
 
 #define W(row, b0, b1, b2, b3, b4, b5, b6, b7, b8, b9, ba, bb, bc, bd, be, bf)\
 	(((b0##UL << 0x0)|(b1##UL << 0x1)|(b2##UL << 0x2)|(b3##UL << 0x3) |   \
@@ -55,7 +54,7 @@
 	 << (row % 32))
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-static volatile u32 good_insns_64[256 / 32] = {
+static u32 good_insns_64[256 / 32] = {
 	/*      0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f         */
 	/*      ----------------------------------------------         */
 	W(0x00, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0) | /* 00 */
@@ -81,7 +80,7 @@ static volatile u32 good_insns_64[256 / 32] = {
 
 /* Good-instruction tables for 32-bit apps */
 
-static volatile u32 good_insns_32[256 / 32] = {
+static u32 good_insns_32[256 / 32] = {
 	/*      0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f         */
 	/*      ----------------------------------------------         */
 	W(0x00, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0) | /* 00 */
@@ -105,7 +104,7 @@ static volatile u32 good_insns_32[256 / 32] = {
 };
 
 /* Using this for both 64-bit and 32-bit apps */
-static volatile u32 good_2byte_insns[256 / 32] = {
+static u32 good_2byte_insns[256 / 32] = {
 	/*      0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f         */
 	/*      ----------------------------------------------         */
 	W(0x00, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1) | /* 00 */
@@ -132,42 +131,47 @@ static volatile u32 good_2byte_insns[256 / 32] = {
 
 /*
  * opcodes we'll probably never support:
- * 6c-6d, e4-e5, ec-ed - in
- * 6e-6f, e6-e7, ee-ef - out
- * cc, cd - int3, int
- * cf - iret
- * d6 - illegal instruction
- * f1 - int1/icebp
- * f4 - hlt
- * fa, fb - cli, sti
- * 0f - lar, lsl, syscall, clts, sysret, sysenter, sysexit, invd, wbinvd, ud2
+ *
+ *  6c-6d, e4-e5, ec-ed - in
+ *  6e-6f, e6-e7, ee-ef - out
+ *  cc, cd - int3, int
+ *  cf - iret
+ *  d6 - illegal instruction
+ *  f1 - int1/icebp
+ *  f4 - hlt
+ *  fa, fb - cli, sti
+ *  0f - lar, lsl, syscall, clts, sysret, sysenter, sysexit, invd, wbinvd, ud2
  *
  * invalid opcodes in 64-bit mode:
- * 06, 0e, 16, 1e, 27, 2f, 37, 3f, 60-62, 82, c4-c5, d4-d5
  *
- * 63 - we support this opcode in x86_64 but not in i386.
+ *  06, 0e, 16, 1e, 27, 2f, 37, 3f, 60-62, 82, c4-c5, d4-d5
+ *  63 - we support this opcode in x86_64 but not in i386.
  *
  * opcodes we may need to refine support for:
- * 0f - 2-byte instructions: For many of these instructions, the validity
- * depends on the prefix and/or the reg field.  On such instructions, we
- * just consider the opcode combination valid if it corresponds to any
- * valid instruction.
- * 8f - Group 1 - only reg = 0 is OK
- * c6-c7 - Group 11 - only reg = 0 is OK
- * d9-df - fpu insns with some illegal encodings
- * f2, f3 - repnz, repz prefixes.  These are also the first byte for
- * certain floating-point instructions, such as addsd.
- * fe - Group 4 - only reg = 0 or 1 is OK
- * ff - Group 5 - only reg = 0-6 is OK
+ *
+ *  0f - 2-byte instructions: For many of these instructions, the validity
+ *  depends on the prefix and/or the reg field.  On such instructions, we
+ *  just consider the opcode combination valid if it corresponds to any
+ *  valid instruction.
+ *
+ *  8f - Group 1 - only reg = 0 is OK
+ *  c6-c7 - Group 11 - only reg = 0 is OK
+ *  d9-df - fpu insns with some illegal encodings
+ *  f2, f3 - repnz, repz prefixes.  These are also the first byte for
+ *  certain floating-point instructions, such as addsd.
+ *
+ *  fe - Group 4 - only reg = 0 or 1 is OK
+ *  ff - Group 5 - only reg = 0-6 is OK
  *
  * others -- Do we need to support these?
- * 0f - (floating-point?) prefetch instructions
- * 07, 17, 1f - pop es, pop ss, pop ds
- * 26, 2e, 36, 3e - es:, cs:, ss:, ds: segment prefixes --
+ *
+ *  0f - (floating-point?) prefetch instructions
+ *  07, 17, 1f - pop es, pop ss, pop ds
+ *  26, 2e, 36, 3e - es:, cs:, ss:, ds: segment prefixes --
  *	but 64 and 65 (fs: and gs:) seem to be used, so we support them
- * 67 - addr16 prefix
- * ce - into
- * f0 - lock prefix
+ *  67 - addr16 prefix
+ *  ce - into
+ *  f0 - lock prefix
  */
 
 /*
@@ -182,11 +186,11 @@ static bool is_prefix_bad(struct insn *insn)
 
 	for (i = 0; i < insn->prefixes.nbytes; i++) {
 		switch (insn->prefixes.bytes[i]) {
-		case 0x26:	/*INAT_PFX_ES   */
-		case 0x2E:	/*INAT_PFX_CS   */
-		case 0x36:	/*INAT_PFX_DS   */
-		case 0x3E:	/*INAT_PFX_SS   */
-		case 0xF0:	/*INAT_PFX_LOCK */
+		case 0x26:	/* INAT_PFX_ES   */
+		case 0x2E:	/* INAT_PFX_CS   */
+		case 0x36:	/* INAT_PFX_DS   */
+		case 0x3E:	/* INAT_PFX_SS   */
+		case 0xF0:	/* INAT_PFX_LOCK */
 			return true;
 		}
 	}
@@ -201,12 +205,15 @@ static int validate_insn_32bits(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 	insn_get_opcode(insn);
 	if (is_prefix_bad(insn))
 		return -ENOTSUPP;
+
 	if (test_bit(OPCODE1(insn), (unsigned long *)good_insns_32))
 		return 0;
+
 	if (insn->opcode.nbytes == 2) {
 		if (test_bit(OPCODE2(insn), (unsigned long *)good_2byte_insns))
 			return 0;
 	}
+
 	return -ENOTSUPP;
 }
 
@@ -282,12 +289,12 @@ static void prepare_fixups(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
  * disastrous.
  *
  * Some useful facts about rip-relative instructions:
- * - There's always a modrm byte.
- * - There's never a SIB byte.
- * - The displacement is always 4 bytes.
+ *
+ *  - There's always a modrm byte.
+ *  - There's never a SIB byte.
+ *  - The displacement is always 4 bytes.
  */
-static void handle_riprel_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-							struct insn *insn)
+static void handle_riprel_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 {
 	u8 *cursor;
 	u8 reg;
@@ -342,13 +349,12 @@ static void handle_riprel_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
 	}
 
 	/* Target address = address of next instruction + (signed) offset */
-	uprobe->arch_info.rip_rela_target_address = (long)insn->length
-					+ insn->displacement.value;
+	uprobe->arch_info.rip_rela_target_address = (long)insn->length + insn->displacement.value;
+
 	/* Displacement field is gone; slide immediate field (if any) over. */
 	if (insn->immediate.nbytes) {
 		cursor++;
-		memmove(cursor, cursor + insn->displacement.nbytes,
-						insn->immediate.nbytes);
+		memmove(cursor, cursor + insn->displacement.nbytes, insn->immediate.nbytes);
 	}
 	return;
 }
@@ -361,8 +367,10 @@ static int validate_insn_64bits(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 	insn_get_opcode(insn);
 	if (is_prefix_bad(insn))
 		return -ENOTSUPP;
+
 	if (test_bit(OPCODE1(insn), (unsigned long *)good_insns_64))
 		return 0;
+
 	if (insn->opcode.nbytes == 2) {
 		if (test_bit(OPCODE2(insn), (unsigned long *)good_2byte_insns))
 			return 0;
@@ -370,34 +378,31 @@ static int validate_insn_64bits(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 	return -ENOTSUPP;
 }
 
-static int validate_insn_bits(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-				struct insn *insn)
+static int validate_insn_bits(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 {
 	if (mm->context.ia32_compat)
 		return validate_insn_32bits(uprobe, insn);
 	return validate_insn_64bits(uprobe, insn);
 }
-#else
-static void handle_riprel_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-							struct insn *insn)
+#else /* 32-bit: */
+static void handle_riprel_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 {
-	return;
+	/* No RIP-relative addressing on 32-bit */
 }
 
-static int validate_insn_bits(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-				struct insn *insn)
+static int validate_insn_bits(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, struct insn *insn)
 {
 	return validate_insn_32bits(uprobe, insn);
 }
 #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
 
 /**
- * analyze_insn - instruction analysis including validity and fixups.
+ * arch_uprobes_analyze_insn - instruction analysis including validity and fixups.
  * @mm: the probed address space.
  * @uprobe: the probepoint information.
  * Return 0 on success or a -ve number on error.
  */
-int analyze_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe)
+int arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe)
 {
 	int ret;
 	struct insn insn;
@@ -406,7 +411,9 @@ int analyze_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe)
 	ret = validate_insn_bits(mm, uprobe, &insn);
 	if (ret != 0)
 		return ret;
+
 	handle_riprel_insn(mm, uprobe, &insn);
 	prepare_fixups(uprobe, &insn);
+
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/uprobes.h b/include/linux/uprobes.h
index f1d13fd..64e45f1 100644
--- a/include/linux/uprobes.h
+++ b/include/linux/uprobes.h
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
 #ifndef _LINUX_UPROBES_H
 #define _LINUX_UPROBES_H
 /*
- * Userspace Probes (UProbes)
+ * User-space Probes (UProbes)
  *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
@@ -40,8 +40,10 @@ struct uprobe_arch_info {};
 #define uprobe_opcode_sz sizeof(uprobe_opcode_t)
 
 /* flags that denote/change uprobes behaviour */
+
 /* Have a copy of original instruction */
 #define UPROBES_COPY_INSN	0x1
+
 /* Dont run handlers when first register/ last unregister in progress*/
 #define UPROBES_RUN_HANDLER	0x2
 
@@ -70,27 +72,23 @@ struct uprobe {
 };
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_UPROBES
-extern int __weak set_bkpt(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-							unsigned long vaddr);
-extern int __weak set_orig_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-					unsigned long vaddr, bool verify);
+extern int __weak set_bkpt(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, unsigned long vaddr);
+extern int __weak set_orig_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, unsigned long vaddr, bool verify);
 extern bool __weak is_bkpt_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn);
-extern int register_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer);
-extern void unregister_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer);
-extern int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+extern int uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer);
+extern void uprobe_unregister(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer);
+extern int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
 #else /* CONFIG_UPROBES is not defined */
-static inline int register_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
+static inline int
+uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
 {
 	return -ENOSYS;
 }
-static inline void unregister_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
+static inline void
+uprobe_unregister(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
 {
 }
-static inline int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+static inline int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 {
 	return 0;
 }
diff --git a/kernel/uprobes.c b/kernel/uprobes.c
index 72e8bb3..884817f 100644
--- a/kernel/uprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/uprobes.c
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
 /*
- * Userspace Probes (UProbes)
+ * User-space Probes (UProbes)
  *
  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
@@ -29,24 +29,26 @@
 #include <linux/rmap.h>		/* anon_vma_prepare */
 #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>	/* set_pte_at_notify */
 #include <linux/swap.h>		/* try_to_free_swap */
+
 #include <linux/uprobes.h>
 
 static struct rb_root uprobes_tree = RB_ROOT;
+
 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uprobes_treelock);	/* serialize rbtree access */
 
 #define UPROBES_HASH_SZ	13
+
 /* serialize (un)register */
 static struct mutex uprobes_mutex[UPROBES_HASH_SZ];
-#define uprobes_hash(v)	(&uprobes_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) %\
-						UPROBES_HASH_SZ])
+
+#define uprobes_hash(v)		(&uprobes_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) % UPROBES_HASH_SZ])
 
 /* serialize uprobe->pending_list */
 static struct mutex uprobes_mmap_mutex[UPROBES_HASH_SZ];
-#define uprobes_mmap_hash(v)	(&uprobes_mmap_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) %\
-						UPROBES_HASH_SZ])
+#define uprobes_mmap_hash(v)	(&uprobes_mmap_mutex[((unsigned long)(v)) % UPROBES_HASH_SZ])
 
 /*
- * uprobe_events allows us to skip the mmap_uprobe if there are no uprobe
+ * uprobe_events allows us to skip the uprobe_mmap if there are no uprobe
  * events active at this time.  Probably a fine grained per inode count is
  * better?
  */
@@ -58,9 +60,9 @@ static atomic_t uprobe_events = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
  * vm_area_struct wasnt recommended.
  */
 struct vma_info {
-	struct list_head probe_list;
-	struct mm_struct *mm;
-	loff_t vaddr;
+	struct list_head	probe_list;
+	struct mm_struct	*mm;
+	loff_t			vaddr;
 };
 
 /*
@@ -79,8 +81,7 @@ static bool valid_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma, bool is_register)
 	if (!is_register)
 		return true;
 
-	if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED)) ==
-						(VM_READ|VM_EXEC))
+	if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ|VM_WRITE|VM_EXEC|VM_SHARED)) == (VM_READ|VM_EXEC))
 		return true;
 
 	return false;
@@ -92,6 +93,7 @@ static loff_t vma_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, loff_t offset)
 
 	vaddr = vma->vm_start + offset;
 	vaddr -= vma->vm_pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT;
+
 	return vaddr;
 }
 
@@ -105,8 +107,7 @@ static loff_t vma_address(struct vm_area_struct *vma, loff_t offset)
  *
  * Returns 0 on success, -EFAULT on failure.
  */
-static int __replace_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page,
-					struct page *kpage)
+static int __replace_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page, struct page *kpage)
 {
 	struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
 	pgd_t *pgd;
@@ -163,7 +164,7 @@ out:
  */
 bool __weak is_bkpt_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn)
 {
-	return (*insn == UPROBES_BKPT_INSN);
+	return *insn == UPROBES_BKPT_INSN;
 }
 
 /*
@@ -203,6 +204,7 @@ static int write_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
 	ret = get_user_pages(NULL, mm, vaddr, 1, 0, 0, &old_page, &vma);
 	if (ret <= 0)
 		return ret;
+
 	ret = -EINVAL;
 
 	/*
@@ -239,6 +241,7 @@ static int write_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
 	vaddr_new = kmap_atomic(new_page);
 
 	memcpy(vaddr_new, vaddr_old, PAGE_SIZE);
+
 	/* poke the new insn in, ASSUMES we don't cross page boundary */
 	vaddr &= ~PAGE_MASK;
 	BUG_ON(vaddr + uprobe_opcode_sz > PAGE_SIZE);
@@ -260,7 +263,8 @@ unlock_out:
 	page_cache_release(new_page);
 
 put_out:
-	put_page(old_page);	/* we did a get_page in the beginning */
+	put_page(old_page);
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -276,8 +280,7 @@ put_out:
  * For mm @mm, read the opcode at @vaddr and store it in @opcode.
  * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
  */
-static int read_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
-						uprobe_opcode_t *opcode)
+static int read_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr, uprobe_opcode_t *opcode)
 {
 	struct page *page;
 	void *vaddr_new;
@@ -293,15 +296,18 @@ static int read_opcode(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr,
 	memcpy(opcode, vaddr_new + vaddr, uprobe_opcode_sz);
 	kunmap_atomic(vaddr_new);
 	unlock_page(page);
-	put_page(page);		/* we did a get_user_pages in the beginning */
+
+	put_page(page);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
 static int is_bkpt_at_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
 {
 	uprobe_opcode_t opcode;
-	int result = read_opcode(mm, vaddr, &opcode);
+	int result;
 
+	result = read_opcode(mm, vaddr, &opcode);
 	if (result)
 		return result;
 
@@ -320,11 +326,11 @@ static int is_bkpt_at_addr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vaddr)
  * For mm @mm, store the breakpoint instruction at @vaddr.
  * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
  */
-int __weak set_bkpt(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-						unsigned long vaddr)
+int __weak set_bkpt(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, unsigned long vaddr)
 {
-	int result = is_bkpt_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
+	int result;
 
+	result = is_bkpt_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
 	if (result == 1)
 		return -EEXIST;
 
@@ -344,35 +350,35 @@ int __weak set_bkpt(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
  * For mm @mm, restore the original opcode (opcode) at @vaddr.
  * Return 0 (success) or a negative errno.
  */
-int __weak set_orig_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-					unsigned long vaddr, bool verify)
+int __weak
+set_orig_insn(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, unsigned long vaddr, bool verify)
 {
 	if (verify) {
-		int result = is_bkpt_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
+		int result;
 
+		result = is_bkpt_at_addr(mm, vaddr);
 		if (!result)
 			return -EINVAL;
 
 		if (result != 1)
 			return result;
 	}
-	return write_opcode(mm, uprobe, vaddr,
-				*(uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->insn);
+	return write_opcode(mm, uprobe, vaddr, *(uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->insn);
 }
 
 static int match_uprobe(struct uprobe *l, struct uprobe *r)
 {
 	if (l->inode < r->inode)
 		return -1;
+
 	if (l->inode > r->inode)
 		return 1;
-	else {
-		if (l->offset < r->offset)
-			return -1;
 
-		if (l->offset > r->offset)
-			return 1;
-	}
+	if (l->offset < r->offset)
+		return -1;
+
+	if (l->offset > r->offset)
+		return 1;
 
 	return 0;
 }
@@ -391,6 +397,7 @@ static struct uprobe *__find_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
 			atomic_inc(&uprobe->ref);
 			return uprobe;
 		}
+
 		if (match < 0)
 			n = n->rb_left;
 		else
@@ -411,6 +418,7 @@ static struct uprobe *find_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
 	uprobe = __find_uprobe(inode, offset);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+
 	return uprobe;
 }
 
@@ -436,16 +444,18 @@ static struct uprobe *__insert_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
 			p = &parent->rb_right;
 
 	}
+
 	u = NULL;
 	rb_link_node(&uprobe->rb_node, parent, p);
 	rb_insert_color(&uprobe->rb_node, &uprobes_tree);
 	/* get access + creation ref */
 	atomic_set(&uprobe->ref, 2);
+
 	return u;
 }
 
 /*
- * Acquires uprobes_treelock.
+ * Acquire uprobes_treelock.
  * Matching uprobe already exists in rbtree;
  *	increment (access refcount) and return the matching uprobe.
  *
@@ -460,6 +470,7 @@ static struct uprobe *insert_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
 	u = __insert_uprobe(uprobe);
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+
 	return u;
 }
 
@@ -490,19 +501,22 @@ static struct uprobe *alloc_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
 		kfree(uprobe);
 		uprobe = cur_uprobe;
 		iput(inode);
-	} else
+	} else {
 		atomic_inc(&uprobe_events);
+	}
+
 	return uprobe;
 }
 
 /* Returns the previous consumer */
-static struct uprobe_consumer *add_consumer(struct uprobe *uprobe,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
+static struct uprobe_consumer *
+consumer_add(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
 {
 	down_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
 	consumer->next = uprobe->consumers;
 	uprobe->consumers = consumer;
 	up_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+
 	return consumer->next;
 }
 
@@ -511,8 +525,7 @@ static struct uprobe_consumer *add_consumer(struct uprobe *uprobe,
  * Return true if the @consumer is deleted successfully
  * or return false.
  */
-static bool del_consumer(struct uprobe *uprobe,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
+static bool consumer_del(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
 {
 	struct uprobe_consumer **con;
 	bool ret = false;
@@ -526,6 +539,7 @@ static bool del_consumer(struct uprobe *uprobe,
 		}
 	}
 	up_write(&uprobe->consumer_rwsem);
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
@@ -557,15 +571,15 @@ static int __copy_insn(struct address_space *mapping,
 	memcpy(insn, vaddr + off1, nbytes);
 	kunmap_atomic(vaddr);
 	page_cache_release(page);
+
 	return 0;
 }
 
-static int copy_insn(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
-					unsigned long addr)
+static int copy_insn(struct uprobe *uprobe, struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
 {
 	struct address_space *mapping;
-	int bytes;
 	unsigned long nbytes;
+	int bytes;
 
 	addr &= ~PAGE_MASK;
 	nbytes = PAGE_SIZE - addr;
@@ -605,6 +619,7 @@ static int install_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
 		return -EEXIST;
 
 	addr = (unsigned long)vaddr;
+
 	if (!(uprobe->flags & UPROBES_COPY_INSN)) {
 		ret = copy_insn(uprobe, vma, addr);
 		if (ret)
@@ -613,7 +628,7 @@ static int install_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
 		if (is_bkpt_insn((uprobe_opcode_t *)uprobe->insn))
 			return -EEXIST;
 
-		ret = analyze_insn(mm, uprobe);
+		ret = arch_uprobes_analyze_insn(mm, uprobe);
 		if (ret)
 			return ret;
 
@@ -624,8 +639,7 @@ static int install_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static void remove_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe,
-							loff_t vaddr)
+static void remove_breakpoint(struct mm_struct *mm, struct uprobe *uprobe, loff_t vaddr)
 {
 	set_orig_insn(mm, uprobe, (unsigned long)vaddr, true);
 }
@@ -649,9 +663,11 @@ static struct vma_info *__find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head,
 	struct prio_tree_iter iter;
 	struct vm_area_struct *vma;
 	struct vma_info *tmpvi;
-	loff_t vaddr;
-	unsigned long pgoff = offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+	unsigned long pgoff;
 	int existing_vma;
+	loff_t vaddr;
+
+	pgoff = offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
 
 	vma_prio_tree_foreach(vma, &iter, &mapping->i_mmap, pgoff, pgoff) {
 		if (!valid_vma(vma, is_register))
@@ -659,6 +675,7 @@ static struct vma_info *__find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head,
 
 		existing_vma = 0;
 		vaddr = vma_address(vma, offset);
+
 		list_for_each_entry(tmpvi, head, probe_list) {
 			if (tmpvi->mm == vma->vm_mm && tmpvi->vaddr == vaddr) {
 				existing_vma = 1;
@@ -670,14 +687,15 @@ static struct vma_info *__find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head,
 		 * Another vma needs a probe to be installed. However skip
 		 * installing the probe if the vma is about to be unlinked.
 		 */
-		if (!existing_vma &&
-				atomic_inc_not_zero(&vma->vm_mm->mm_users)) {
+		if (!existing_vma && atomic_inc_not_zero(&vma->vm_mm->mm_users)) {
 			vi->mm = vma->vm_mm;
 			vi->vaddr = vaddr;
 			list_add(&vi->probe_list, head);
+
 			return vi;
 		}
 	}
+
 	return NULL;
 }
 
@@ -685,11 +703,12 @@ static struct vma_info *__find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head,
  * Iterate in the rmap prio tree  and find a vma where a probe has not
  * yet been inserted.
  */
-static struct vma_info *find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head,
-			loff_t offset, struct address_space *mapping,
-			bool is_register)
+static struct vma_info *
+find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head, loff_t offset, struct address_space *mapping,
+		   bool is_register)
 {
 	struct vma_info *vi, *retvi;
+
 	vi = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vma_info), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!vi)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
@@ -700,6 +719,7 @@ static struct vma_info *find_next_vma_info(struct list_head *head,
 
 	if (!retvi)
 		kfree(vi);
+
 	return retvi;
 }
 
@@ -711,16 +731,23 @@ static int register_for_each_vma(struct uprobe *uprobe, bool is_register)
 	struct vma_info *vi, *tmpvi;
 	struct mm_struct *mm;
 	loff_t vaddr;
-	int ret = 0;
+	int ret;
 
 	mapping = uprobe->inode->i_mapping;
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&try_list);
-	while ((vi = find_next_vma_info(&try_list, uprobe->offset,
-					mapping, is_register)) != NULL) {
+
+	ret = 0;
+
+	for (;;) {
+		vi = find_next_vma_info(&try_list, uprobe->offset, mapping, is_register);
+		if (!vi)
+			break;
+
 		if (IS_ERR(vi)) {
 			ret = PTR_ERR(vi);
 			break;
 		}
+
 		mm = vi->mm;
 		down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
 		vma = find_vma(mm, (unsigned long)vi->vaddr);
@@ -755,19 +782,21 @@ static int register_for_each_vma(struct uprobe *uprobe, bool is_register)
 				break;
 		}
 	}
+
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(vi, tmpvi, &try_list, probe_list) {
 		list_del(&vi->probe_list);
 		kfree(vi);
 	}
+
 	return ret;
 }
 
-static int __register_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+static int __uprobe_register(struct uprobe *uprobe)
 {
 	return register_for_each_vma(uprobe, true);
 }
 
-static void __unregister_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
+static void __uprobe_unregister(struct uprobe *uprobe)
 {
 	if (!register_for_each_vma(uprobe, false))
 		delete_uprobe(uprobe);
@@ -776,15 +805,15 @@ static void __unregister_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
 }
 
 /*
- * register_uprobe - register a probe
+ * uprobe_register - register a probe
  * @inode: the file in which the probe has to be placed.
  * @offset: offset from the start of the file.
  * @consumer: information on howto handle the probe..
  *
- * Apart from the access refcount, register_uprobe() takes a creation
+ * Apart from the access refcount, uprobe_register() takes a creation
  * refcount (thro alloc_uprobe) if and only if this @uprobe is getting
  * inserted into the rbtree (i.e first consumer for a @inode:@offset
- * tuple).  Creation refcount stops unregister_uprobe from freeing the
+ * tuple).  Creation refcount stops uprobe_unregister from freeing the
  * @uprobe even before the register operation is complete. Creation
  * refcount is released when the last @consumer for the @uprobe
  * unregisters.
@@ -792,28 +821,29 @@ static void __unregister_uprobe(struct uprobe *uprobe)
  * Return errno if it cannot successully install probes
  * else return 0 (success)
  */
-int register_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
+int uprobe_register(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
 {
 	struct uprobe *uprobe;
-	int ret = -EINVAL;
+	int ret;
 
 	if (!inode || !consumer || consumer->next)
-		return ret;
+		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (offset > i_size_read(inode))
-		return ret;
+		return -EINVAL;
 
 	ret = 0;
 	mutex_lock(uprobes_hash(inode));
 	uprobe = alloc_uprobe(inode, offset);
-	if (uprobe && !add_consumer(uprobe, consumer)) {
-		ret = __register_uprobe(uprobe);
+
+	if (uprobe && !consumer_add(uprobe, consumer)) {
+		ret = __uprobe_register(uprobe);
 		if (ret) {
 			uprobe->consumers = NULL;
-			__unregister_uprobe(uprobe);
-		} else
+			__uprobe_unregister(uprobe);
+		} else {
 			uprobe->flags |= UPROBES_RUN_HANDLER;
+		}
 	}
 
 	mutex_unlock(uprobes_hash(inode));
@@ -823,15 +853,14 @@ int register_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
 }
 
 /*
- * unregister_uprobe - unregister a already registered probe.
+ * uprobe_unregister - unregister a already registered probe.
  * @inode: the file in which the probe has to be removed.
  * @offset: offset from the start of the file.
  * @consumer: identify which probe if multiple probes are colocated.
  */
-void unregister_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
-				struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
+void uprobe_unregister(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset, struct uprobe_consumer *consumer)
 {
-	struct uprobe *uprobe = NULL;
+	struct uprobe *uprobe;
 
 	if (!inode || !consumer)
 		return;
@@ -841,15 +870,14 @@ void unregister_uprobe(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset,
 		return;
 
 	mutex_lock(uprobes_hash(inode));
-	if (!del_consumer(uprobe, consumer))
-		goto unreg_out;
 
-	if (!uprobe->consumers) {
-		__unregister_uprobe(uprobe);
-		uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBES_RUN_HANDLER;
+	if (consumer_del(uprobe, consumer)) {
+		if (!uprobe->consumers) {
+			__uprobe_unregister(uprobe);
+			uprobe->flags &= ~UPROBES_RUN_HANDLER;
+		}
 	}
 
-unreg_out:
 	mutex_unlock(uprobes_hash(inode));
 	if (uprobe)
 		put_uprobe(uprobe);
@@ -870,6 +898,7 @@ static struct rb_node *find_least_offset_node(struct inode *inode)
 	while (n) {
 		uprobe = rb_entry(n, struct uprobe, rb_node);
 		match = match_uprobe(&u, uprobe);
+
 		if (uprobe->inode == inode)
 			close_node = n;
 
@@ -881,6 +910,7 @@ static struct rb_node *find_least_offset_node(struct inode *inode)
 		else
 			n = n->rb_right;
 	}
+
 	return close_node;
 }
 
@@ -890,11 +920,13 @@ static struct rb_node *find_least_offset_node(struct inode *inode)
 static void build_probe_list(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *head)
 {
 	struct uprobe *uprobe;
-	struct rb_node *n;
 	unsigned long flags;
+	struct rb_node *n;
 
 	spin_lock_irqsave(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
+
 	n = find_least_offset_node(inode);
+
 	for (; n; n = rb_next(n)) {
 		uprobe = rb_entry(n, struct uprobe, rb_node);
 		if (uprobe->inode != inode)
@@ -903,6 +935,7 @@ static void build_probe_list(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *head)
 		list_add(&uprobe->pending_list, head);
 		atomic_inc(&uprobe->ref);
 	}
+
 	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uprobes_treelock, flags);
 }
 
@@ -912,42 +945,44 @@ static void build_probe_list(struct inode *inode, struct list_head *head)
  *
  * Return -ve no if we fail to insert probes and we cannot
  * bail-out.
- * Return 0 otherwise. i.e :
+ * Return 0 otherwise. i.e:
+ *
  *	- successful insertion of probes
  *	- (or) no possible probes to be inserted.
  *	- (or) insertion of probes failed but we can bail-out.
  */
-int mmap_uprobe(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+int uprobe_mmap(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
 {
 	struct list_head tmp_list;
 	struct uprobe *uprobe, *u;
 	struct inode *inode;
-	int ret = 0;
+	int ret;
 
 	if (!atomic_read(&uprobe_events) || !valid_vma(vma, true))
-		return ret;	/* Bail-out */
+		return 0;
 
 	inode = vma->vm_file->f_mapping->host;
 	if (!inode)
-		return ret;
+		return 0;
 
 	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&tmp_list);
 	mutex_lock(uprobes_mmap_hash(inode));
 	build_probe_list(inode, &tmp_list);
+
+	ret = 0;
+
 	list_for_each_entry_safe(uprobe, u, &tmp_list, pending_list) {
 		loff_t vaddr;
 
 		list_del(&uprobe->pending_list);
 		if (!ret) {
 			vaddr = vma_address(vma, uprobe->offset);
-			if (vaddr < vma->vm_start || vaddr >= vma->vm_end) {
-				put_uprobe(uprobe);
-				continue;
+			if (vaddr >= vma->vm_start && vaddr < vma->vm_end) {
+				ret = install_breakpoint(vma->vm_mm, uprobe, vma, vaddr);
+				/* Ignore double add: */
+				if (ret == -EEXIST)
+					ret = 0;
 			}
-			ret = install_breakpoint(vma->vm_mm, uprobe, vma,
-								vaddr);
-			if (ret == -EEXIST)
-				ret = 0;
 		}
 		put_uprobe(uprobe);
 	}
diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
index 1aed183..5a863d3 100644
--- a/mm/mmap.c
+++ b/mm/mmap.c
@@ -618,10 +618,10 @@ again:			remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);
 		mutex_unlock(&mapping->i_mmap_mutex);
 
 	if (root) {
-		mmap_uprobe(vma);
+		uprobe_mmap(vma);
 
 		if (adjust_next)
-			mmap_uprobe(next);
+			uprobe_mmap(next);
 	}
 
 	if (remove_next) {
@@ -646,7 +646,7 @@ again:			remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);
 		}
 	}
 	if (insert && file)
-		mmap_uprobe(insert);
+		uprobe_mmap(insert);
 
 	validate_mm(mm);
 
@@ -1340,7 +1340,7 @@ out:
 	} else if ((flags & MAP_POPULATE) && !(flags & MAP_NONBLOCK))
 		make_pages_present(addr, addr + len);
 
-	if (file && mmap_uprobe(vma))
+	if (file && uprobe_mmap(vma))
 		/* matching probes but cannot insert */
 		goto unmap_and_free_vma;
 
@@ -2301,7 +2301,7 @@ int insert_vm_struct(struct mm_struct * mm, struct vm_area_struct * vma)
 	     security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, vma_pages(vma)))
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
-	if (vma->vm_file && mmap_uprobe(vma))
+	if (vma->vm_file && uprobe_mmap(vma))
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	vma_link(mm, vma, prev, rb_link, rb_parent);
@@ -2374,7 +2374,7 @@ struct vm_area_struct *copy_vma(struct vm_area_struct **vmap,
 			if (new_vma->vm_file) {
 				get_file(new_vma->vm_file);
 
-				if (mmap_uprobe(new_vma))
+				if (uprobe_mmap(new_vma))
 					goto out_free_mempol;
 
 				if (vma->vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE)
--
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