Re: Potential problem in git-add may corrupt the index file

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]


Hi Junio,

Thanks for the fast reply!  We've also discovered other similar
programs in git, enclosed below so you may want to fix them in one
patch.

Here is one example in refs.c:
1710:  lockpath = mkpath("%s.lock", git_HEAD);
        fd = open(lockpath, O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_WRONLY, 0666);
....
      written = write_in_full(fd, ref, len);
// We may add
// fsync_or_die(fd, ...);
// here
      if (close(fd) != 0 || written != len) {
              error("Unable to write to %s", lockpath);
              goto error_unlink_return;
      }
      if (rename(lockpath, git_HEAD) < 0) {
...

So there is a problem here, and the head file may be corrupted.

In server-info.c, there is a similar problem:
216:   namelen = sprintf(infofile, "%s/info/packs", get_object_directory());
         strcpy(name, infofile);
         strcpy(name + namelen, "+");

         init_pack_info(infofile, force);

         safe_create_leading_directories(name);
         fp = fopen(name, "w");
         if (!fp)
                 return error("cannot open %s", name);
         write_pack_info_file(fp);
// We may add
// fsync_or_die(fileno(fp), ...);
// here
         fclose(fp);
         adjust_shared_perm(name);
         rename(name, infofile);
Here, the packs file in the objects/info directory may be corrupted.

In the same file, the info/refs file may also be corrupted:
28:  char *path0 = git_pathdup("info/refs");
      int len = strlen(path0);
      char *path1 = xmalloc(len + 2);

      strcpy(path1, path0);
      strcpy(path1 + len, "+");

      safe_create_leading_directories(path0);
      info_ref_fp = fopen(path1, "w");
      if (!info_ref_fp)
              return error("unable to update %s", path1);
      for_each_ref(add_info_ref, NULL);
// We may add
// fsync_or_die(fileno(info_ref_fp), ...);
// here
      fclose(info_ref_fp);
      adjust_shared_perm(path1);
      rename(path1, path0);

On Mon, Apr 23, 2012 at 9:51 PM, Junio C Hamano <gitster@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> Gang Hu <ganghu@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> writes:
>
>> If a crash happens after the rename(), the data may have not been
>> completely flushed into the index file, so the user may face an empty
>> or corrupted index file.
>
> Yeah, probably we should add fsync_or_die() at the end of write_index()
> in read-cache.c, possibly protect it with fsync_object_files just like
> we do in close_sha1_file() in sha1_file.c for loose object files.
>
> I think the real fix would be to update the write_index() codepath to
> use the csum-file API, though.  Then sha1close() will give us the fsync
> behaviour for free.



-- 
Cheers,
Gang
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe git" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html


[Newbies FAQ]     [Linux Kernel Development]     [Free Online Dating]     [Gcc Help]     [IETF Annouce]     [DCCP]     [Netdev]     [Networking]     [Security]     [V4L]     [Bugtraq]     [Free Online Dating]     [Photo]     [Yosemite]     [MIPS Linux]     [ARM Linux]     [Linux Security]     [Linux RAID]     [Linux SCSI]     [Fedora Users]     [Linux Resources]

Add to Google