[PATCH 8/9 v13] difftool: teach difftool to handle directory diffs

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When 'difftool' is called to compare a range of commits that modify
more than one file, it opens a separate instance of the diff tool for
each file that changed.

The new '--dir-diff' option copies all the modified files to a temporary
location and runs a directory diff on them in a single instance of the
diff tool.

Signed-off-by: Tim Henigan <tim.henigan@xxxxxxxxx>
---

This replaces v12 of the script that was sent to the list on April 12, 2011.

Changes in v13:

The 'git diff' command is now called via 'Git->repository->command_oneline'
again. We need to run the command in a way that allows @ARGV to be given
as a list, rather than a string, to insure that IFS and shell meta-
characters are handled properly.  Thanks to Junio Hamano for pointing
this out [1].

[1]: http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git/195326/focus=195353


 Documentation/git-difftool.txt |    6 ++
 git-difftool--helper.sh        |   19 ++--
 git-difftool.perl              |  219 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 t/t7800-difftool.sh            |   39 +++++++
 4 files changed, 257 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
index fe38f66..aba5e76 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-difftool.txt
@@ -19,6 +19,12 @@ linkgit:git-diff[1].
 
 OPTIONS
 -------
+-d::
+--dir-diff::
+	Copy the modified files to a temporary location and perform
+	a directory diff on them. This mode never prompts before
+	launching the diff tool.
+
 -y::
 --no-prompt::
 	Do not prompt before launching a diff tool.
diff --git a/git-difftool--helper.sh b/git-difftool--helper.sh
index e6558d1..3d0fe0c 100755
--- a/git-difftool--helper.sh
+++ b/git-difftool--helper.sh
@@ -73,9 +73,16 @@ then
 	fi
 fi
 
-# Launch the merge tool on each path provided by 'git diff'
-while test $# -gt 6
-do
-	launch_merge_tool "$1" "$2" "$5"
-	shift 7
-done
+if test -n "$GIT_DIFFTOOL_DIRDIFF"
+then
+	LOCAL="$1"
+	REMOTE="$2"
+	run_merge_tool "$merge_tool" false
+else
+	# Launch the merge tool on each path provided by 'git diff'
+	while test $# -gt 6
+	do
+		launch_merge_tool "$1" "$2" "$5"
+		shift 7
+	done
+fi
diff --git a/git-difftool.perl b/git-difftool.perl
index aba3d2f..fc7a00b 100755
--- a/git-difftool.perl
+++ b/git-difftool.perl
@@ -1,21 +1,31 @@
-#!/usr/bin/env perl
+#!/usr/bin/perl
 # Copyright (c) 2009, 2010 David Aguilar
+# Copyright (c) 2012 Tim Henigan
 #
 # This is a wrapper around the GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF-compatible
 # git-difftool--helper script.
 #
 # This script exports GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF and GIT_PAGER for use by git.
-# GIT_DIFFTOOL_NO_PROMPT, GIT_DIFFTOOL_PROMPT, and GIT_DIFF_TOOL
-# are exported for use by git-difftool--helper.
+# The GIT_DIFF* variables are exported for use by git-difftool--helper.
 #
 # Any arguments that are unknown to this script are forwarded to 'git diff'.
 
 use 5.008;
 use strict;
 use warnings;
+use File::Basename qw(dirname);
+use File::Copy;
+use File::stat;
+use File::Path qw(mkpath);
+use File::Temp qw(tempdir);
 use Getopt::Long qw(:config pass_through);
 use Git;
 
+my @working_tree;
+my $rc;
+my $repo = Git->repository();
+my $repo_path = $repo->repo_path();
+
 sub usage
 {
 	my $exitcode = shift;
@@ -24,15 +34,160 @@ usage: git difftool [-t|--tool=<tool>]
                     [-x|--extcmd=<cmd>]
                     [-g|--gui] [--no-gui]
                     [--prompt] [-y|--no-prompt]
+                    [-d|--dir-diff]
                     ['git diff' options]
 USAGE
 	exit($exitcode);
 }
 
+sub find_worktree
+{
+	# Git->repository->wc_path() does not honor changes to the working
+	# tree location made by $ENV{GIT_WORK_TREE} or the 'core.worktree'
+	# config variable.
+	my $worktree;
+	my $env_worktree = $ENV{GIT_WORK_TREE};
+	my $core_worktree = Git::config('core.worktree');
+
+	if (length($env_worktree) > 0) {
+		$worktree = $env_worktree;
+	} elsif (length($core_worktree) > 0) {
+		$worktree = $core_worktree;
+	} else {
+		$worktree = $repo->wc_path();
+	}
+
+	return $worktree;
+}
+
+my $workdir = find_worktree();
+
+sub setup_dir_diff
+{
+	# Run the diff; exit immediately if no diff found
+	# 'Repository' and 'WorkingCopy' must be explicitly set to insure that
+	# if $GIT_DIR and $GIT_WORK_TREE are set in ENV, they are actually used
+	# by Git->repository->command*.
+	my $diffrepo = Git->repository(Repository => $repo_path, WorkingCopy => $workdir);
+	my $diffrtn = $diffrepo->command_oneline('diff', '--raw', '--no-abbrev', '-z', @ARGV);
+	exit(0) if (length($diffrtn) == 0);
+
+	# Setup temp directories
+	my $tmpdir = tempdir('git-diffall.XXXXX', CLEANUP => 1, TMPDIR => 1);
+	my $ldir = "$tmpdir/left";
+	my $rdir = "$tmpdir/right";
+	mkpath($ldir) or die $!;
+	mkpath($rdir) or die $!;
+
+	# Build index info for left and right sides of the diff
+	my $submodule_mode = "160000";
+	my $null_mode = "0" x 6;
+	my $null_sha1 = "0" x 40;
+	my $lindex = "";
+	my $rindex = "";
+	my %submodule;
+	my @rawdiff = split('\0', $diffrtn);
+
+	for (my $i=0; $i<$#rawdiff; $i+=2) {
+		my ($lmode, $rmode, $lsha1, $rsha1, $status) = split(' ', substr($rawdiff[$i], 1));
+		my $path = $rawdiff[$i + 1];
+
+		if (($lmode eq $submodule_mode) or ($rmode eq $submodule_mode)) {
+			$submodule{$path}{left} = $lsha1;
+			if ($lsha1 ne $rsha1) {
+				$submodule{$path}{right} = $rsha1;
+			} else {
+				$submodule{$path}{right} = "$rsha1-dirty";
+			}
+			next;
+		}
+
+		if ($lmode ne $null_mode) {
+			$lindex .= "$lmode $lsha1\t$path\0";
+		}
+
+		if ($rmode ne $null_mode) {
+			if ($rsha1 ne $null_sha1) {
+				$rindex .= "$rmode $rsha1\t$path\0";
+			} else {
+				push(@working_tree, $path);
+			}
+		}
+	}
+
+	# If $GIT_DIR is not set prior to calling 'git update-index' and
+	# 'git checkout-index', then those commands will fail if difftool
+	# is called from a directory other than the repo root.
+	my $must_unset_git_dir = 0;
+	if (not defined($ENV{GIT_DIR})) {
+		$must_unset_git_dir = 1;
+		$ENV{GIT_DIR} = $repo_path;
+	}
+
+	# Populate the left and right directories based on each index file
+	my ($inpipe, $ctx);
+	$ENV{GIT_INDEX_FILE} = "$tmpdir/lindex";
+	($inpipe, $ctx) = $repo->command_input_pipe(qw/update-index -z --index-info/);
+	print($inpipe $lindex);
+	$repo->command_close_pipe($inpipe, $ctx);
+	$rc = system('git', 'checkout-index', '--all', "--prefix=$ldir/");
+	exit($rc | ($rc >> 8)) if ($rc != 0);
+
+	$ENV{GIT_INDEX_FILE} = "$tmpdir/rindex";
+	($inpipe, $ctx) = $repo->command_input_pipe(qw/update-index -z --index-info/);
+	print($inpipe $rindex);
+	$repo->command_close_pipe($inpipe, $ctx);
+	$rc = system('git', 'checkout-index', '--all', "--prefix=$rdir/");
+	exit($rc | ($rc >> 8)) if ($rc != 0);
+
+	# If $GIT_DIR was explicitly set just for the update/checkout
+	# commands, then it should be unset before continuing.
+	delete($ENV{GIT_DIR}) if ($must_unset_git_dir);
+	delete($ENV{GIT_INDEX_FILE});
+
+	# Changes in the working tree need special treatment since they are
+	# not part of the index
+	for my $file (@working_tree) {
+		my $dir = dirname($file);
+		unless (-d "$rdir/$dir") {
+			mkpath("$rdir/$dir") or die $!;
+		}
+		copy("$workdir/$file", "$rdir/$file") or die $!;
+		chmod(stat("$workdir/$file")->mode, "$rdir/$file") or die $!;
+	}
+
+	# Changes to submodules require special treatment. This loop writes a
+	# temporary file to both the left and right directories to show the
+	# change in the recorded SHA1 for the submodule.
+	for my $path (keys %submodule) {
+		if (defined($submodule{$path}{left})) {
+			my $dir = dirname($path);
+			unless (-d "$ldir/$dir") {
+				mkpath("$ldir/$dir") or die $!;
+			}
+			open(my $fh, ">", "$ldir/$path") or die $!;
+			print($fh "Subproject commit $submodule{$path}{left}");
+			close($fh);
+		}
+		if (defined($submodule{$path}{right})) {
+			my $dir = dirname($path);
+			unless (-d "$rdir/$dir") {
+				mkpath("$rdir/$dir") or die $!;
+			}
+			open(my $fh, ">", "$rdir/$path") or die $!;
+			print($fh "Subproject commit $submodule{$path}{right}");
+			close($fh);
+		}
+	}
+
+	return ($ldir, $rdir);
+}
+
 # parse command-line options. all unrecognized options and arguments
 # are passed through to the 'git diff' command.
-my ($difftool_cmd, $extcmd, $gui, $help, $prompt);
+my ($difftool_cmd, $dirdiff, $extcmd, $gui, $help, $prompt);
 GetOptions('g|gui!' => \$gui,
+	'd|dir-diff' => \$dirdiff,
 	'h' => \$help,
 	'prompt!' => \$prompt,
 	'y' => sub { $prompt = 0; },
@@ -65,22 +220,46 @@ if ($gui) {
 		$ENV{GIT_DIFF_TOOL} = $guitool;
 	}
 }
-if (defined($prompt)) {
-	if ($prompt) {
-		$ENV{GIT_DIFFTOOL_PROMPT} = 'true';
+
+# In directory diff mode, 'git-difftool--helper' is called once
+# to compare the a/b directories.  In file diff mode, 'git diff'
+# will invoke a separate instance of 'git-difftool--helper' for
+# each file that changed.
+if (defined($dirdiff)) {
+	my ($a, $b) = setup_dir_diff();
+	if (defined($extcmd)) {
+		$rc = system($extcmd, $a, $b);
 	} else {
-		$ENV{GIT_DIFFTOOL_NO_PROMPT} = 'true';
+		$ENV{GIT_DIFFTOOL_DIRDIFF} = 'true';
+		$rc = system('git', 'difftool--helper', $a, $b);
 	}
-}
 
-$ENV{GIT_PAGER} = '';
-$ENV{GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF} = 'git-difftool--helper';
-my @command = ('git', 'diff', @ARGV);
-
-# ActiveState Perl for Win32 does not implement POSIX semantics of
-# exec* system call. It just spawns the given executable and finishes
-# the starting program, exiting with code 0.
-# system will at least catch the errors returned by git diff,
-# allowing the caller of git difftool better handling of failures.
-my $rc = system(@command);
-exit($rc | ($rc >> 8));
+	exit($rc | ($rc >> 8)) if ($rc != 0);
+
+	# If the diff including working copy files and those
+	# files were modified during the diff, then the changes
+	# should be copied back to the working tree
+	for my $file (@working_tree) {
+		copy("$b/$file", "$workdir/$file") or die $!;
+		chmod(stat("$b/$file")->mode, "$workdir/$file") or die $!;
+	}
+} else {
+	if (defined($prompt)) {
+		if ($prompt) {
+			$ENV{GIT_DIFFTOOL_PROMPT} = 'true';
+		} else {
+			$ENV{GIT_DIFFTOOL_NO_PROMPT} = 'true';
+		}
+	}
+
+	$ENV{GIT_PAGER} = '';
+	$ENV{GIT_EXTERNAL_DIFF} = 'git-difftool--helper';
+
+	# ActiveState Perl for Win32 does not implement POSIX semantics of
+	# exec* system call. It just spawns the given executable and finishes
+	# the starting program, exiting with code 0.
+	# system will at least catch the errors returned by git diff,
+	# allowing the caller of git difftool better handling of failures.
+	my $rc = system('git', 'diff', @ARGV);
+	exit($rc | ($rc >> 8));
+}
diff --git a/t/t7800-difftool.sh b/t/t7800-difftool.sh
index e716d06..478c1be 100755
--- a/t/t7800-difftool.sh
+++ b/t/t7800-difftool.sh
@@ -319,4 +319,43 @@ test_expect_success PERL 'say no to the second file' '
 	echo "$diff" | stdin_doesnot_contain br2
 '
 
+test_expect_success PERL 'setup change in subdirectory' '
+	git checkout master &&
+	mkdir sub &&
+	echo master >sub/sub &&
+	git add sub/sub &&
+	git commit -m "added sub/sub" &&
+	echo test >>file &&
+	echo test >>sub/sub &&
+	git add . &&
+	git commit -m "modified both"
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL 'difftool -d' '
+	diff=$(git difftool -d --extcmd ls branch) &&
+	echo "$diff" | stdin_contains sub &&
+	echo "$diff" | stdin_contains file
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL 'difftool --dir-diff' '
+	diff=$(git difftool --dir-diff --extcmd ls branch) &&
+	echo "$diff" | stdin_contains sub &&
+	echo "$diff" | stdin_contains file
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL 'difftool --dir-diff ignores --prompt' '
+	diff=$(git difftool --dir-diff --prompt --extcmd ls branch) &&
+	echo "$diff" | stdin_contains sub &&
+	echo "$diff" | stdin_contains file
+'
+
+test_expect_success PERL 'difftool --dir-diff from subdirectory' '
+	(
+		cd sub &&
+		diff=$(git difftool --dir-diff --extcmd ls branch) &&
+		echo "$diff" | stdin_contains sub &&
+		echo "$diff" | stdin_contains file
+	)
+'
+
 test_done
-- 
1.7.10.rc1.26.g5a7d67

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