Re: A link error related variadic-template

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On Mar 30, 2012 7:38 AM, <chmodexplorer@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
> I used g++ 4.7.0 to compile the piece of code:
>
> #include <stdio.h>
> #include <boost/call_traits.hpp>
>
> using namespace boost;
>
> template <typename... Args> long add(Args...);

This function is not defined.

> template <typename T> long add( typename call_traits<T>::param_type t) { return t; }

This function overloads args() but it can never deduce the parameter
T, because T appears in a non-deduced context (to the left of the ::
scope operator)

> template <typename A, typename... Args>
> long add( typename call_traits<A>::param_type a, typename call_traits<Args>::param_type... args )

Same here, this adds a third overload of args (it does not provide a
definition for the first overload above) and because they appear in
non-deduced contexts A and Args cannot be deduced.

> {
>        return a + add( args... );
> }
>
> int main()
> {
>        char c = 0;
>        short s = 1;
>        int i = 2;
>        long l = 3;
>        long n = add( c, s, i, l );

This cannot call the third overload, because argument deduction cannot
succeed, so it calls the first overload of add() which you haven't
defined so you get a linker error.

>
>        return 0;
> }
>
> And I encountered a link error:
> /tmp/cc8rJ4xe.o: In function `main':
> variadic-templates.cpp:(.text+0x33): undefined reference to `long add<char, short, int, long>(char, short, int, long)'
> collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
>
> Is there anyone who can help me to resolve the problem? Thanks very much!



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