An issue with fio performance on an SSD

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Greetings

We are playing with some SSDs, and as usual, we want to use fio for our testing regime. So we set up a simple streaming write:

[global]
size=16g
iodepth=32
direct=1
blocksize=1m
numjobs=1
nrfiles=1
ioengine=vsync
#iomem=shmhuge
group_reporting
create_serialize=0
create_on_open=1
rw=write

[sw1]
directory=/data/d1


With this test case, fio is getting ~65MB/s writing to this drive. 1M blocks, direct IO.

[root@localhost ~]# fio sw2.fio
sw1: (g=0): rw=write, bs=1M-1M/1M-1M, ioengine=vsync, iodepth=32
Starting 1 process
Jobs: 1 (f=1): [W] [99.6% done] [0K/62M /s] [0/61 iops] [eta 00m:01s]
sw1: (groupid=0, jobs=1): err= 0: pid=5528
  write: io=16,353MB, bw=71,870KB/s, iops=70, runt=232998msec
    clat (msec): min=9, max=231, avg=14.22, stdev= 8.98
bw (KB/s) : min=32188, max=99162, per=100.38%, avg=72139.10, stdev=15322.04
  cpu          : usr=0.06%, sys=1.56%, ctx=32769, majf=0, minf=26
IO depths : 1=0.1%, 2=0.1%, 4=0.1%, 8=0.1%, 16=0.1%, 32=99.8%, >=64=0.0% submit : 0=0.0%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0% complete : 0=0.1%, 4=100.0%, 8=0.0%, 16=0.0%, 32=0.0%, 64=0.0%, >=64=0.0%
     issued r/w: total=0/16384, short=0/0

     lat (msec): 10=11.57%, 20=83.69%, 50=4.06%, 100=0.20%, 250=0.29%

Run status group 0 (all jobs):
WRITE: io=16,353MB, aggrb=71,869KB/s, minb=73,594KB/s, maxb=73,594KB/s, mint=232998msec, maxt=232998msec

Disk stats (read/write):
  sdc: ios=0/81927, merge=0/0, ticks=0/773830, in_queue=773650, util=99.43%


But when I try the simple dd version ...

[root@localhost ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/data/d1/big.file bs=1M count=16k oflag=direct
16384+0 records in
16384+0 records out
17179869184 bytes (17 GB) copied, 87.7913 seconds, 196 MB/s

Non-direct IO is faster with the dd, as I suspect it is overlapping operations

[root@localhost ~]# dd if=/dev/zero of=/data/d1/big.file bs=1M count=16k
16384+0 records in
16384+0 records out
17179869184 bytes (17 GB) copied, 64.0534 seconds, 268 MB/s

The same fio input deck, with direct set to 0 results in 76.5 MB/s.

Are there are some IO tunables (in the fio input) I should be using for SSD testing with fio?

This is 1.41 fio:

[root@localhost ~]# fio --version
fio 1.41

Thanks!

Joe



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Joseph Landman, Ph.D
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Scalable Informatics Inc.
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