Re: How to inherent non-zero exit status using pipe? (dash)

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On 08/11/2010 06:34 AM, Peng Yu wrote:
> Hi,
> The following example returns the exit status of the last command in a
> pipe. I'm wondering if there is a way to inherent non-zero exit status
> using pipe. That is, if there is any command in a pipe that return a
> non-zero status, I'd like the whole pipe return a non-zero status.

Generally not possible using only POSIX constructs (bash's 'set -o
pipefail' and '${PIPESTATUS[@]}' are extensions).  But what you _can_ do
is play with exec to be able to propagate non-zero status from a
particular portion of a pipeline through a temporary variable or file:

$ exec 3>&1 # duplicate original stdout
$ result=$(
  exec 4>&1 >&3 3>&- # move cmd subst stdout, and restore original
  { ./; echo $? >&4 # run command, and record its status
  } | head -n 3)
$ echo $? # status from head
$ echo $result # status from ./
$ exec 3>&-

Eric Blake   eblake@xxxxxxxxxx    +1-801-349-2682
Libvirt virtualization library

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